B.S. in Biological Sciences, Department of Ecology

The Department of Ecology offers the Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences, which may be earned in four options: Conservation Biology and EcologyFish and Wildlife Ecology and ManagementOrganismal Biology, or Biology Teaching. (Please note that you will not major in Ecology, as such, but Biological Sciences through the Department of Ecology.) Most positions for professional biologists require a graduate degree. These options, not including the teaching options, are intended to provide the prerequisite educational background for graduate programs. Admission to our graduate programs is highly competitive and will depend on academic performance, scores on standard exams (Graduate Record Exams), and other factors.

Requirements for Admission to Upper Division Courses in Biology

For admission to upper division (numbered 300 or higher) Biology (BIOB, BIOE, BIOO, BIOM) and Fish and Wildlife Management (WILD) courses, students must have completed at least 45 total university credits with a cumulative GPA of at least 2.5 for all courses and have also earned a "C-" or better for any prerequisite courses. Limited exceptions may be made by consent of instructor. Any student who obtains enrollment in an upper division biology course without satisfying these requirements will be required to withdraw from the course.

Please click on the option title below to review the program of required courses for that option.

At this time NO ONLINE courses offered by the department for the degree in Biological Sciences are available.  

Conservation Biology and Ecology Option

The primary goal of the Conservation Biology and Ecology option is to give students a clear understanding of the ways that natural and human-related processes affect biological diversity and relate this knowledge to its broad societal context. The program of study for the Conservation Biology & Ecology Option will (1) train students broadly and comprehensively in ecology and conservation biology, (2) provide extensive coursework in the scientific method and statistical analysis, and (3) be highly interdisciplinary, reflecting the broad scope of conservation biology.  The curriculum provides strong qualifications for graduate school, which is required for careers in conservation biology and ecology.

Fish and Wildlife Ecology and Management Option

The option in Fish and Wildlife Management is a professional degree program offered for those students who have an interest employment in these Fields. Study leading toward a bachelor's degree emphasizes basic principles of animal ecology, with considerable work in related fields.  Students graduating with a bachelor's degree may be qualified for entry-level positions in natural resources management. However, the four-year option primarily provides prospective fish and wildlife biologists adequate background for applying to graduate programs, required for most professional positions.

Organismal Biology Option  

The Organismal Biology option provides a rigorous program of study in plant or animal biology at the whole-organism, species, population, and community levels, while allowing students the greatest flexibility in selecting those biology courses which best meet their interests and objectives. It accomplishes this by requiring students to select 20 required credits in biology in consultation with their advisor to achieve a personal curriculum. In addition, students can use the elective credits to develop strength in a second area which may enhance their prospects of gaining employment with a bachelor's degree or their prospects of acceptance into specialized graduate programs. Most professional positions in biology require completion of one or more graduate degrees, and the Organismal Biology Option is excellent preparation for graduate studies.

Biology Teaching Option

The Biology Teaching option certifies graduates to be qualified to teach secondary school biology. It is similar to the Organismal Biology Option, but includes professional preparation courses required for state teacher certification. Since the Biology Teaching Option includes 40 credits of biology courses, it is an extended major and the State of Montana does not require a teaching minor. However, employment opportunities will be enhanced by obtaining a second area of certifications, usually a teaching minor (listed under College of Education, Health and Human Development). Obtaining a Biology Teaching major, a teaching minor, and certification will require more than eight semesters.

View the Undergraduate Faculty Advisors in the Ecology Department.

Please Consult the Montana State University Undergraduate Catalog for the most current information on departmental and University curricular and graduation requirements, term offerings and departmental information.