In addition to the Standard ETD Formatting Guide, The Graduate School offers a Manuscript
Format Option for students who have published or will publish chapters from their
ETD. The Manuscript Format Option can be used when an ETD is made up of several scholarly
manuscripts or journal articles addressing a common theme, with each article constituting
a separate chapter.
The Manuscript Option is a combination of formatting requirements from The Graduate
School’s Standard Formatting Option and formatting requirements for chapters that
have been or will be published. Any student following the Manuscript Option will still
need to include ETD front matter following the Standard Formatting guidelines, chapter
formatting for all non-publication-related chapters following the Standard Formatting
guidelines, and a cumulative references section and appendix material (if applicable)
following the Standard Formatting guidelines.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Manuscript Format Option:
How is the Manuscript Formatting Option different?
What the Manuscript Formatting Option allows that the Standard Formatting Option does
not is that chapters qualifying for the Manuscript Option can be left in the formatting
style used by the journal(s) where the chapter(s) have been or will be published,
with two exceptions: page numbers must continue consecutively throughout the ETD and
the page margin requirements for the Standard Formatting Option must be followed.
Font size and style should remain the same throughout the document.
Does My Thesis/Dissertation Qualify for the Manuscript Formatting Option?
All ETDs employing the Manuscript Formatting Option must:
Have been either prepared, submitted, accepted or published in a peer-reviewed journal.
It is not required that each article have been published by the time you graduate
to qualify for the manuscript option. Each department will determine how many manuscripts will be included, with a separate
chapter for each manuscript.
Represent research conducted while the student was enrolled in an MSU graduate program,
be a product of the ETD study, and not have been used to obtain another degree.
Please check with your department to see if this option is available for your ETD
and whether they have more stringent requirements.
For chapters that do not meet the above criteria, formatting must be consistent with
the Standard Formatting Option Guidelines.
Do I need to include any copyright information for the articles I have published?
Each department will determine whether the student is the primary author or co-author
of each manuscript. All authors must be mentioned in a Contribution of Authors and
Co-authors Page, which includes a brief paragraph of contributions for each author.
Within the Manuscript Format Option a Manuscript Information Page will follow the
Contribution of Authors Page and precede each individual manuscript that has been
prepared, accepted, submitted or published in a peer-reviewed journal.
If work from a previously published manuscript or from a manuscript accepted for publication
is to be used in the ETD, it is standard for the copyright of this material to be
held by the journal. Consequently, you may need to request permission from the journal
to reproduce this copyrighted material and may want to include this information in
the relevant sections of the thesis/dissertation.
View examples of dissertations following the Manuscript Option on Scholarworks:
This dissertation is composed of three articles, each combined into one Word document, which is the
This dissertation includes a published article inserted into a Word document, which is a solution for
students who do not have a Word copy of their final, published article.
The Graduate School
Montana State University P.O. Box 172580 Bozeman, MT 59717-2580