Montana State University


Montana State University
PO Box 173120
Bozeman, MT 59717-3120

GPS Lab Manager:

Diana Cooksey
Tel: (406) 994-5684
Fax: (406) 994-3933
Location: 245 Leon Johnson Hall

Student Map Gallery

College Office

Project Descriptions and Map Links

Selected maps for each semester are presented here by students taking GPHY 357, Global Positioning System Fundamentals and Applications in Mapping. In the course, students used Trimble GeoExplorer mapping grade or sub-meter mapping receivers and PathfinderOffice software to design and implement their own GPS mapping projects. After collecting and processing the GPS data, students use GIS software to create final project maps.

A graphic file for each map can be accessed by clicking on the links below. Each file shows a "picture" of the student(s)' final map layout. Maps are presented as JPEGs or PDFs. To view PDF files, you must have Adobe Reader installed on your computer. It can be downloaded here: Adobe Reader. With PDF files, you can zoom in (or out) to specific areas on the map to get a better view.

Service Learning Projects

E-911 Mapping Project
AGAI Mapping Project

Other Projects

Fall 2013 Student Maps - coming soon!
Fall 2012 Student Maps
Fall 2011 Student Maps
Fall 2010 Student Maps

Spring 2010 Student Maps
Fall 2009 Student Maps
Spring 2009 Student Maps
Fall 2008 Student Maps
Spring 2008 Student Maps
Fall 2007 Student Maps
Spring 2007 Student Maps
Fall 2005 Student Maps
Spring 2005 Student Maps
Fall 2004 Student Maps
Spring 2004 Student Maps
Fall 2003 Student Maps
Spring 2003 Student Maps

E-911 Mapping Project

An award-winning program

Diana Cooksey and her Global Positioning System (GPS) mapping students have formed a successful partnership with the City of Bozeman Fire and Geographic Information System (GIS) Departments, which combines community service with hands-on learning in a real-world project. The partnership has been so successful, in fact, that it won an international award for innovation in the Fire Service. The Fire Service Excellence award, which was accepted by Fire Chief Chuck Winn at the International Association of Fire Chiefs meeting in Denver in August 2005, recognizes innovations and achievements in managing resources to reduce the loss of life and property from fire and other emergencies. The MSU/City of Bozeman partnership took first place out of 500 applicants from around the world!

The project also won the 2014 Montana State University President's Award for Excellence in Service Learning. This award recognizes a faculty member and community partner who have together engaged students in quality service learning. Through service learning, students apply their academic skills and knowledge to address the genuine needs of a community organization. This provides students with a deeper understanding of their studies and fosters a stronger sense of civic responsibility. More information can be found here: MSU honors top faculty and staff.

Click here to read an excellent student article about the E-911 mapping project.

Project abstract

Since Fall of 2003, students in the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences (LRES) have been mapping high-density housing developments for the City of Bozeman to assist in emergency response. The maps, carried in the fire engines and incorporated into the Enhanced-911 (E-911) computer system, allow firefighters to quickly locate emergency sites, thereby decreasing emergency response time and increasing the chance of saving lives and property.

Project description

Explosive growth in the City of Bozeman is outpacing the Fire Department’s ability to map and learn the layout of new developments. This is especially a problem in high density housing complexes (condominiums, apartments and mobile home parks) with many structures at the same physical address. When responding to a medical or fire emergency, it is difficult for Fire Department personnel to locate a specific dwelling when they are unfamiliar with the complex. The difficulty is accentuated by the fact that, in these high-density housing developments, building numbers are often arranged in an illogical manner. For example, some buildings in a particular complex have apartments numbered in order from top to bottom, whereas other buildings in the same complex have apartments numbered from bottom to top. Additionally, the buildings themselves are often arranged in a seemingly haphazard order, making them difficult to find, especially under pressure at 2:00 in the morning.

Students taking GPHY 357: GPS Fundamentals and Applications in Mapping are given the opportunity to map these high density housing developments for their semester mapping project. The E-911 system links an address and a set of GPS coordinates to every telephone number, so when a person calls 911, the dispatch center automatically receives this location information. In turn, the dispatch center pages emergency responders, providing the address of the emergency, the type of emergency and a specific page to reference in the Fire Department map book. Unfortunately, many new complexes in the City of Bozeman remain unmapped because the Bozeman Fire and GIS Department budgets do not allow for equipment and software purchases, and training of personnel in map development.

The students’ maps help firefighters find specific buildings within a complex and determine the quickest route to the dwelling with the emergency. This has decreased response time, eliminated confusion, and literally can mean the difference between life and death for an emergency victim. In several cases, firefighters have used the student-generated maps to facilitate quicker intervention, allowing them to provide advanced life support to critically ill patients. For the developments that have not yet been mapped, the story is quite different. In one recent instance, firefighters responded to a high density housing complex to a report of smoke inside a structure. Had a detailed map been available on that day, firefighters could have shaved several minutes off their response time, making the difference of saving a home from fire.

Since this project started in Fall semester 2003, 128 students have participated in the project, working in teams of two or three to produce maps of 74 high density housing developments (as of Fall 2012). And, the project is gaining momentum: each semester a greater number of students choose to participate in the project. In Fall of 2012, the E-911 mapping project was offered as an additional 1-credit service learning course. Students see the project as a way to learn valuable skills to help prepare them for their upcoming careers. Also, because the data is in digital format, it can be incorporated into the Mobile Data Terminals (MDTs) installed in the fire engines.

E-911 Fall Semester 2013

Ethan Schreuder, Gabe Hodge, Bridget Hicks, Michael Hutchins, Danielle Martin, Sam Ollar, Tom Roeder, Sam Tittle
Bobcat Stadium
BobcatStadium1 PDF, BobcatStadium2 PDF

The E-911 Service Learning Project is a collaboration between GPS students, the fire department, and the City of Bozeman to update the maps used by fire fighters in the field. Bobcat Stadium is the premiere sports facility for the campus. It has a seating capacity of 17,777 people, but has seen attendance upwards of 20,000. Based on sheer attendance numbers, and the poor understanding in the existing E-911 maps of lots and areas surrounding the stadium, we saw a need for more a detailed map. The specific features it lacked include hydrants, tailgate sections, lot entrances, and emergency staging points. We also collected data points for trash cans, porta-potties, and man-holes for MSU Facilities. We achieved an overall data quality of 0.1158 meters (68% confidence). Features were recorded using a Trimble GEOXH 3000 professional grade GPS receiver and a Trimble Hurricane Antenna with a Contour XLRic laser rangefinder. This data was corrected and edited in Trimble’s Pathfinder Office software and final maps were produced in ESRI’s ArcMap. These maps and data will be used in the field by fire fighters and other emergency personnel to shorten response times to the stadium, as well as by our MSU and City collaborators.

E-911 Fall Semester 2012

Matt Kessler
Bronze Leaf
BronzeLeaf PDF

The goal of this project was to create a data set with sub-meter accuracy and accompanying map, as part of a city base map for the Bronze Leaf Condominium Complex in Bozeman, MT. The map and data is intended to be used for reference, navigation, and informative purposes for emergency response workers in the city of Bozeman. To achieve the objectives of the project, various point, line, and polygon data specific to the Bronze Leaf complex were mapped and recorded. The features were mapped in accordance with their relation and importance to emergency response workers in order to serve as functioning reference points in times of emergency. Specific features included fire hydrants, building corners, dumpsters, gas and power shutoffs, and building entrances.
Features were recorded utilizing a Trimble GeoXH handheld GPS receiver and Contour XLRic laser rangefinder. Various offsets and averages of 15 positions were used to collect coordinates for each feature. Mapped data was then transferred, corrected, and edited within Trimble's Pathfinder Office software and Arcmap. An additional building polygon shapefile was created by connecting building corners in Arcmap. Overall estimated accuracy for the project, without an aerial background, was .25 meters. All coordinate and feature data was collected on site and achieves high data quality. Offset accuracy was subject to an additional .15 m rangefinder estimate. Total objectives for the project were satisfied and all data collected is intended to be used by emergency and response crews in the Bozeman community. It is an effort to minimize response times and increase efficiency levels in emergency situations.

Monica Berchan and Piper Dixon
Covered Wagon Trailer Court
CoveredWagon PDF

The E911 mapping project is a collaboration between MSU, Bozeman City Fire Department and the Bozeman GIS Department to map high-density housing complexes using GPS in an effort to reduce emergency response times. The Covered Wagon Mobile Home Park in Bozeman, has approximately 180 trailers. Our goal was to map streets, fire hydrants and trailer entrances. The project accuracy was 1 meter,  so that it can be incorporated into the E911 center’s database. Fire hydrants and access roads were mapped using a GeoXH 2008 Series GPS handheld receiver. Trailer entrances were mapped using the same receiver with the addition of a Hurricane antenna and a Contour XLRic Laser Rangefinder in order to obtain accurate offsets.  The estimated horizontal accuracies, at a 68% confidence interval, are as follows: 94% of roads and fire hydrants had sub-meter accuracy and 94% of building entrances had  <1.5m accuracy. This data was combined in ArcMap with 2012 aerial imagery of the Bozeman area and 2007 Lidar building data of the trailer park.  A map was created that clearly identifies building polygons, entrances, addresses, fire hydrants and access roads. This map will be available in Bozeman fire engines to help decrease response times in emergency situations. The raw data collected will be submitted to the City of Bozeman GIS Department for use in their database.

Jacob Miller and Jamie Merrill
McIntoshCourt PDF

The purpose of the E911 mapping project is to accurately map a selected new housing development in Bozeman and compose a final map to be used by the Fire Department and Emergency Responders. The final map must contain all specified features and the final project must included metadata for all shapefiles used, a data quality assessment form, a field reconnaissance form, and all other supporting information. The goals of this project were to accurately map the given housing complex including features like: entrances, buildings, roads, obstructions, dumpsters, fire hydrants, gas/power shutoffs, and any other helpful features. Then, using these features, compose an easy to read map which will be published and included in the emergency map book used by emergency personnel. Methods of data collecting included using a laser rangefinder and a Trimble GeoXH receiver and collecting all data in the field. The data was then edited using ArcMap software. The mapping standards of data being accurate to < 1M were met or exceeded by all data used in this project.

Scott Peters
North Rouse Industrial Complex
NorthRouseIndustrial PDF

The objective of this project is to enhance the capabilities of the current 911 database in Bozeman, MT. Through enhancing of the current system, this project will help local firefighters and other emergency personal locate features of an area including: Fire hydrants, gas shutoff valves, power shutoff switches, access roads, obstructions, as well as entrances to the buildings. As an addition, this dataset can be used with satellite imagery to produce a reference for where the features are located.  The features were recorded using a Trimble GeoXH handheld GPS receiver with an external Hurricane antenna while some needed a laser rangefinder to use an offset. The data was collected using the data dictionary provided for the E-911 service learning class as well as field collection of the features using either actual location or and offset of the features. The data was post-processed to create the most accurate results using the GPS Pathfinder Office computer program. The desired accuracy for the project was to be less than 2 meters, with all the features falling within that 2 meter accuracy range. The objective of the project was met and this data will help benefit emergency personal with accurate data of all features of the emergency response system.

Ty Morrison-Heath
South Rouse Condos
SouthRouseCondos PDF

I set out to map a condo complex at the terminus of both South Rouse and South Black avenues where they form a “u” shape.  The goal was to map these houses in order to aid with the quick response of fire and EMS services.  This map will be printed and put into a mapbook that will be carried by the Bozeman Fire Department to help them find houses quickly.  For this project we used GeoXH 3000 receivers with Laser Rangefinders and Hurricane Antennas for data acquisition.  These collection methods along with post processing allowed for a high level of accuracy.  This data was then put over a 2011 aerial image provided by the City of Bozeman planning office.  The data set is spatially accurate to sub meter accuracy, with much of it being sub .5 meters.  The resulting data was brought into ArcGIS to develop a high contrast map, which has the advantage of being easy to read during stressful situations.  This product will help for years to come in responding to EMS events at this location.

Curtis DeVault
Trout Meadows
TroutMeadows PDF

Beginning in the Fall of 2003, students taking Diana Cooksey’s GPS Fundamental and Applications in Mapping had the option to do a very valuable project in cooperation with the City of Bozeman GIS Department and the Bozeman Fire Department. These students have mapped many high population density housing developments to aid first responders to better their response times by allowing them to know where they need to go before arriving on scene. Trout Meadows is a subdivision located at the intersection of Davis and Catamount contains 134 apartments in 9 buildings. Using a Trimble GeoXH 2008 series GPS Receiver and distance-bearing offsets, the data was collected, processed, and used in a final map that will be provided to all emergency response personnel in the city of Bozeman. An estimated accuracy of the data below 2 meters was necessary, and this objective was reached through differential correction. Other than the final map that will be used by first responders, but the data will also be provided to the city for implementation into the Computer Aided Dispatch program.

E-911 Fall Semester 2011

Grant Murschel
3300 South Graf
3300SGraf PDF

Since Fall of 2003, students of Montana State University have been mapping high-density housing developments in partnership with the City of Bozeman to assist in emergency response.  This project location was at the residential complex at 3300 South Graf.  The important features mapped include fire hydrants, access roads, building footprints, and entrances to corresponding addresses.  Fire hydrants and access roads were collected using only a GeoXH 2008 Series GPS handheld receiver.  Offsets, mapped by the receiver and aided by a Contour XLRic Laser Rangefinder with a Hurricane Antenna, were used for building corners and entrance.  Building footprints were digitized in off of the building corner points.  The desired quality was set at sub-2 meter estimated accuracy; all features met this objective.  The maps, carried in the fire engines and incorporated into the Enhanced-911 (E-911) computer system, allow firefighters to quickly locate emergency sites, thereby decreasing emergency response time and increasing the chance of saving lives and property.

Colin Mensch
Nelson Trailer Court
NelsonTrailerCourt PDF

This is a mapping project in conjunction with Montana State University Students, Bozeman Fire Department, and City of Bozeman GIS department in an effort to help emergency personnel accurately locate residences. There was a need for a detailed map of residences at Nelson Trailer Courts, as the structures have varying locations of entrances.  A   Trimble GeoXH 2008 GPS receiver was used along with a hurricane antenna and Contour XLRic Laser RangeFinder to obtain accurate locations of building entrances and power shutoff locations. Data quality was greater than what was required for the project of 2-3 meters. The desired horizontal accuracy was 2 to 3 meters for the project and 99.87% of the total data met the objective with a 68% confidence level based on the estimated accuracies. A 2007 color digital orthophoto of Bozeman and a shape file of building footprints were obtained from the City of Bozeman GIS Department and were added to the final map, with and estimated accuracy of half a meter. This project will give any rescue personnel an accurate location of buildings, their entrances and  power shutoff in the Nelson Trail Court which can reduce response to those in need.

Kyle Mehrens
Remington Way
RemingtonWay PDF

E-911 is a program designed to bring together multiple educational and professional resources in order to provide the community of Bozeman with an updated emergency response mapping inventory.  This project was conducted to meet E-911 standards already outlined and will be added into the database in order to provide future health and safety for the city of Bozeman.  Remington Way business complex totals 4 buildings and numerous businesses.  This complex was the highlighted area for this study.  Multiple advanced mapping techniques were used in order to receive highly accurate data.  Obstructions, building entrances, complex entrances, buildings, electric and power shutoffs and fire hydrants were all mapped in this study.  A clear, highly visible map was created in order to view the mapped data and to provide emergency response officials a useful product.  The final map will be submitted to the city of Bozeman and will be uploaded into the formed database. 

E-911 Fall Semester 2010

Ben Marshall
1757 Highland Blvd.
1757 Highland Blvd. PDF

This is a mapping project in conjunction with Montana State University Students, Bozeman Fire Department, and City of Bozeman GIS department in an effort to help emergency personnel accurately locate residences. There was a need for a detailed map of residences on 1757 Highland Boulevard, as the structures are either duplexes or triplexes with varying locations of entrances. Also, a clearly visible location of fire hydrants in the area was needed. A GEO XH receiver was used along with a hurricane antenna and a laser range finder to obtain accurate locations of building entrances. Data quality was higher than expected and greater than what was required for the project of 1-2 meters. All of the collected data was accurate to below 1 meter with 78% of the data accurate to within 15cm. A 2007 color digital orthophoto of Bozeman and a shape file of building footprints were obtained from the City of Bozeman GIS Department and were added to the final map. This project will give any rescue personnel an accurate location of buildings, their entrances and fire hydrants along 1757 highway Boulevard which can reduce response to those in need.

Adam Walters and Valerie Riter
2200 W. Dickerson 2200 W. Dickerson 1 PDF , 2200 W. Dickerson 2 PDF

This mapping project was done for E-911 to help the fire department locate residences as quickly and easily as possible in the case of an emergency.  Our mapping site was 2200 W. Dickerson including 88 units in 12 buildings.  The site needed mapping because of irregular unit numbering and a curving access road with dead ends.  Our main emphasis was mapping the entrances, their unit number, access roads,  gas and power shut-offs, fire hydrants, and any obstruction hindering access. 
We used Geo XH receivers along with an external antenna (Hurricane), and a laser rangefinder with Bluetooth capabilities.  The range finder was used to collect all data points because of high density tree canopy.  The overall accuracy of data was less than 2 meters.  Only 0.5% of data was between 2 and 5 meters, which is adequate for this E-911 project.  Our map showed front and back entrances, unit numbers associated with each unit, access roads, obstructions such as dead ends, power and gas shut-offs.  The information collected met the objectives of our project and will be used by E-911 in the future. 

Zach Rich
Bonner Lane Bonner Lane PDF

The purpose of the project was to map high density housing units and fire hydrant locations in the city of Bozeman, to aid firefighters and other emergency personnel in reducing response time.  The Bonner Lane apartments are in three buildings in southeastern Bozeman, each containing several apartments. Each apartment has a physical address that was mapped in the field with a Trimble GeoXH GPS receiver.  Additionally, the location of the two nearest fire hydrants, a transformer box and overhead power line were mapped.  Horizontal offsets were utilized to map each feature in order to obtain the best satellite availability.  The resulting data quality was acceptable, and met the accuracy requirements of less than one meter. A digital map created in ArcMap will be incorporated into the Emergency 911 system, so that when a citizen calls 911, their location will be visible, and the emergency responder will have the most detailed address information available.  A PDF will be made available to the fire department, so when responding to the apartments, they will be able to see the location of a particular address, complete with a color aerial photo, to aid them in planning their response. 

Philip Weiser
Annie St. & Forest Glen Ave. Annie / Forest Glen PDF

The residential block at the intersection of Annie St and Forest Glen Ave in West Bozeman was mapped using Trimble GPS receivers during the fall of 2010. I used a Geo XH Explorer 2008 Series model with sub meter accuracy capabilities after differential correction. The purpose of this dataset is to provide the city of Bozeman Fire and 911 Emergency response departments with an accurate and clear updated map of residential blocks in the target area for dispatching emergency resources to an incident. Main points include fire hydrants, door locations, power/gas shutoffs, building footprints, and easily accessible routes of travel to identifiable units and any possible new development.

E-911 Spring Semester 2010

Kellan Mills and Justin Vetters
Wagon Wheel Trailer Park Wagon Wheel 1 , Wagon Wheel 2

This project was designed to aid and expedite emergency response abilities of the Bozeman Fire Department. The objectives of the project were to help accurately update Bozeman’s Atlas, provide reference of the units in the trailer court and utility shutoffs for each of the units, as well as map fire hydrants for emergency response crews. To accurately map this area, a Trimble GeoXH receiver was used and configured using velocity filtering, a 1 second logging interval, and accuracy based logging set at 50cm.  Data that met these standards was successfully collected and processed by Trimble Pathfinder Office and output using ArcMap for use by the Bozeman Fire Department.  This project will be compiled with other E-911 projects in the current Bozeman Atlas carried in emergency response vehicles.

Justin Moe, Ryan Sadowski and Karl Wetlaufer
Warbler Way Warbler Way North PDF , Warbler Way South PDF

The project objective was to accurately map and update multiple residential buildings and their features on Warbler Way in Bozeman, Montana.  The project entailed using GeoXH receivers to map out entrances, gas shutoffs, power shutoffs, access roads, and fire hydrants.   Mapping techniques of offsets and velocity filtering were used to obtain the data.  With the GeoXH receiver, we were successfully able to obtain data accuracy of < 2 meters.  The features that needed to be obtained were all important and necessary to help aid the Bozeman City Fire Department’s emergency response time.  All objectives were met, and we were successfully able to obtain all features that the Bozeman City Fire Department requested.  Our project will allow the Bozeman City Fire Department to determine the quickest and most efficient way to respond to an emergency on Warbler Way.   

E-911 Fall Semester 2009

Olin McCrumb and Casey Hanson
Alderson Condos Alderson Condos PDF

Bozeman is very rapidly growing town, so rapid that it is hard to keep up with all the changes for our emergency services. In our GPS mapping class we were asked to collect data from certain structures to help the emergency services in a quick response with little routing problems. Our project objective was to map the Alderson Condos (six structures) located east off of S. Black on Alderson. The features needed for routing included Roads, Buildings, Trees, Fences, Fire Hydrants, Power shut-off, Gas shut-off, Entrances and any other obstructions that would slow down responding units. Since the features were very visible if you know the general area we were happy that the majority of our data was between half and one meter accuracy.

Samuel Jensen, Patrick Loury and Kelsey Payne
Cottonwood Condos Cottonwood Condos PDF

This mapping project was done for E911 in order to help emergency personnel and the fire department locate residences as quickly as possible in the case of an emergency.  Cottonwood Condos is a new development with an irregular house numbering system.  The roads are not evenly spaced or straight, so these also create problems for accessing homes.  Our main focus was to map the residences, their addresses, and important features such as gas and power shut-offs, fire hydrants, and any obstructions that would hinder access.   
Since the development is not yet completed we were only able to map a fraction of the future development.  We used GEO XH receivers along with an external antenna (Hurricane), and a range finder with blue tooth capabilities.  The range finder was used to collect data points for building corners which were later converted into polygons in ArcMap.  The overall accuracy of our data was less than 2 meters.  0.3% was between 2 and 5 meters which is adequate for the E911 mapping project.  Our resulting map showed entrances, access roads, potential obstructions (dead ends), power and gas shut-offs, as well as the location of buildings and their addresses.  The objectives were fully met and this information will be used by E911 in the future.

Zack Kellman and Kyle Taylor
Hyalite and Chief Joseph Schools Hyalite PDF , Chief Joseph PDF

In the fall of 2009 Montana State University LRES 357 GPS students were asked to map two of the newest Bozeman Schools; Hyalite Elementary at 3600 W Babcock and Chief Joseph Middle School at 4255 Kimberwicke. Our goal was to map features of the schools including building corners, entrances, obstructions, fire extinguishers, emergency parking areas, power and gas shut-off valves, and access roads with sub 2 meter accuracy. The purpose or our project was to update the Bozeman Fire Departments database with these features providing a more accurate overall map of the city. Methods used included offset with the laser range finder, repeat feature, and continue feature. At a 68% confidence level all of the features mapped were accurate to less than a meter. However both maps have an accuracy of 5 meters due to the addition of background files. The maps, carried in the fire engines and incorporated into the Enhanced-911 (E-911) computer system, allow firefighters to quickly locate emergency sites, thereby decreasing emergency response time and increasing the chance of saving lives and property.

E-911 Spring Semester 2009

Mike Glenn
North 7th Complex North 7th PDF

This site was mapped as part of Montana State University’s collaboration with the city of Bozeman GIS department as well as the Bozeman Fire Department.  This collaboration puts students together with professionals as a means to provide the students with educational experience as well and the professionals with data collection and processing.  This information will be used for emergency responders to aid in responding to crisis calls.  This data was collected using a Trimble GeoXT GPS.  This is a mapping grade GPS capable of sub-meter accuracy.  The data was then processed using Trimble’s Pathfinder Office.  The data was then organized in a visual form using ArcMap, a type of GIS. The data was accurate to within 1-2 meters for most features.  The important features for the users of this map, BZN Fire Department, are building entrances, fire hydrants, and gas and power shutoffs.  These features were all mapped appropriately and thus the objective of creating a usable map for emergency responders was met.

Meagan Iott
North Rouse Complex North Rouse PDF

Emergency crew response times are an important part of preventing casualties in life threatening situations.  Due to new developments being built that have multiple entrances to one building, emergency crews have a hard time deciphering which entrance is for which business.  Confusion of the crews causes an increase in response times.  For this project, data indicating the precise coordinates of the different entrances to the study site were collected using the GeoXT receiver and Laser Rangefinder.  The data was corrected and edited in with GPS Pathfinder Office software and ArcGIS.  The purpose of the study was accomplished due to the entrances of the various buildings being mapped along with other important information needed by the Bozeman Fire/Safety Departments.  Further improvements can be made by having a better resolution background photo used.

Cory Horne
Shawnee Way Shawnee Way PDF

My project was to map Shawnee Way Industrial Complex for the E-911 emergency services. I was to map entrances of buildings, obstructions, gas and electrical shut offs with sub-meter accuracy which I met with approximately 80% of my data under one meter. I felt the best way to do this was with a GeoXT receiver in combination with a laser range finder. This data will be helpful in shortening response times for the E-911 emergency services.

E-911 Fall Semester 2008

Clint Mingay, Todd Sharrow and Logan Winters
Bozeman Lodge BozemanLodge PDF

Wesley Kelley
Bronze Leaf Subdivision Bronze Leaf PDF

Steve Bassett
North 27th Avenue (Capstone Partners Development) Capstone PDF

Lexi Coons
Tradewind Apartments Tradewind PDF

Casey Zaiko
Highgate Senior Living Highgate 1 PDF , Highgate 2 PDF

E-911 Spring Semester 2008

Ben Christoffel
1207 E. Main 1207 E Main PDF

Oliver Coray
University Village Apartments University Village PDF

Darrin Lockman
South Montana Condos South Montana PDF

Ron Lodgepole
Southbrook Condos Southbrook PDF

Ryan Mowrey
McIntosh Court McIntosh PDF

Jannel Okeson
Hawk Ridge Condos Hawk Ridge 1 PDF , Hawk Ridge 2 PDF

Harlan Vitoff
Green Tree Apartments Green Tree PDF

E-911 Fall Semester 2007

Derek Curry & Liz Rocco
Glenwood Drive Apartments Glenwood Drive PDF

Patrick Young and Joey Grzyb
North Willson Trailer Park North Willson Trailer Park PDF

TimHagist and Leigh Ann Spokas
Forest Glen and Glenwood Forest Glen PDF

Alexis Silva and Larry Martin
Nelson Trailer Court Nelson Trailer Court PDF

Clint Smith and Holly Turner
Greenwood Apartments Greenwood Apartments PDF

BJ Dahl and Quincy Kimbrell
Annie Street and Forest Glen Drive Apartments Annie and Forest Glen PDF

Aaron Rains and Renae Hockaday
Forest Glen Forest Glen Subdivision PDF

Jordan Wells and Nate Vreeland
5400 Glenellen 5400 Glenellen PDF

E-911 Spring Semester 2007

Andrew McClean and Jason Baldes
Lesley Estates North Lesley PDF

Andy Gregory and Eric Wyatt
Lesley Estates Lesley Estates JPG

Andrew Marsh, Ryan Byrnes, and Ellis Johnson
Boylan Road Boylan Road PDF

E-911 Fall Semester 2005

Patrick Kingsbury and Sarah Roemer
Aspen Place Condos (4040 Ravalli) Aspen4040 PDF

Martin Knight and Rachel Maccagnano
Aspen Place Condos (4050 W Babcock) Aspen4050 PDF

Michael Heuscher and Joel Rasmussen
3308 W. Babcock Babcock PDF

Kathy DeZurik and Leanne Sudbeck
Gallatin County Fairgrounds Fairgrounds PDF

Megann McDonald and Scott Kossow
Sylvan Springs (Wilson/Garfield) Sylvan PDF , Sylvan2 PDF

Josh Doezema and Peter Gray
2938 & 2948 Warbler Way Warbler PDF

Clay Cook and Chris Muir
10 & 11 S Yellowstone Yellowstone First Floor PDF , Yellowstone Second Floor PDF

E-911 Spring Semester 2005

Sammy Gundlach and Seth Whitney
Brookside Apartments Brookside PDF

Ryan Liebscher and Jed Sexton
West College Trailer Park West College PDF

Jaye Vauthier, Emily Hajec and Bill Thompson
3000 Block West Villard West Villard BMP

Amber Bagherian and Morgan Poor
Castle Bar Apartment Complex Castle Bar PDF

Crescentia Cummins and Jan Kluver
Broadwater Court Broadwater Ct PDF

E-911 Fall Semester 2004

Joel LaLiberty, Heather McCartney and Lisa Reimer
Comstock Apartments Comstock Apartments PDF
Individual Building Maps: Building1 , Building2 , Building3 , Building4 , Building5 , Building6 , Building7 , Building8 , Building9 , Building10

Jenny Watts, Allison Ross and Brant Birkeland
Gallatin Manor Apartments Gallatin Manor PDF

Aaron Doern, Rob Sage and Ryan Bogar
Morgan Creek Condos Morgan Creek PDF

Sam Bushell, Tom Kingsbury and Eli Hall
Madison Place Condos Madison Place PDF

E-911 Spring Semester 2004

Vail Freyer, Peter Barrett and Bryn Long
Willowbrook Willowbrook PDF

E-911 Fall Semester 2003

Jake Stewart and Jordan Davis
Arcadia Gardens Arcadia PDF

It all started with Seth Ward in Spring Semester 2003

Seth Ward
Covered Wagon Mobile Home Park Covered Wagon PDF

Covered Wagon Mobile Home Park is a community of over two hundred homes outheast of the intersection of North 19th Avenue and West Oak Street in Bozeman, MT. The neighborhood was mapped on foot by a single operator, using Trimble Geo3 GPS receivers capable of 1-5 meter accuracy after differential correction.

This dataset was meant to improve upon the currently available maps of this complex and dynamic residential setting, with a focus on a driver's perspective.The project was an attempt to address issues of home delivery and emergency services in such neighborhoods.

AGAI Mapping Project

Project Description Coming Soon ...


AGAI Fall Semester 2012

Toby Eagan, Taylor Feinstein, Karalyn Krueger, Pat Mahony, David Schieno, Tristan Schmitt, Greg Slominski, and Nick Truax
Lewis Ditch LewisDitch PDF, LewisDitchSection1 PDF,

The Lewis Ditch Irrigation Canal dataset was created to assist the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI), county offices, and associated landowners as an efficient visual guide for maintenance, planning and water rights, and access for public and private lands along the canal. The dataset will be helpful in assisting the AGAI and the canal company to manage their active waterways. Prior to this digital mapping project there was very limited data available beyond hand drawn maps and aerial photography. Since water rights for agriculture have been a source of conflict and controversy for decades, it will be helpful for county officials and canal managers to have accurate data for canal features. Features of interest include the entire section of the irrigation ditch, associated diversion points, water pumps, crossings, flumes, head gates, points of interest, utilities, canal width points, and inlets. The compilation of this data is a collaborative effort led by the Gallatin County GIS Department and Montana State University Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences (LRES). Mapping was conducted using a Trimble GeoXH handheld GPS receiver along with various external antennas for increased accuracy during the fall of 2012.  Of all data collected 92% has sub-meter estimated accuracy after implementing differential correction. The objectives of having high accuracy data and a quality map that clearly communicates the relationship between the canal, its features and neighboring properties were achieved. The AGAI group and Gallatin County officials can now easily locate and identify features and aspects of the Lewis Ditch for future maintenance, planning, management and access. 

AGAI Fall Semester 2011

William Moore and Amanda Cox
Perks Canal Section 1 Perks Canal Section 1 PDF

The objective of the project was to map Perks Canal in Manhattan, Montana, and its associated features with sub meter accuracy.  The purpose of the project was to collect accurate data of the canal and to aid the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI), community planners and local residents in water management and planning.  Goals included collecting an accurate canal path, and identifying and mapping all canal features.  Trimble GEOXH receivers were used and data was edited in Pathfinder Office software and ArcGIS software.  A Trimble GEOXH receiver was used to map the line features using a four meter offset, and the pause function was used to map point features along the canal path.  About 99% of the data had sub meter estimated accuracy so a majority of the points meet the accuracy standards.  Important features included the canal path and any obstructions or control devices.  The canal was successfully mapped and 99% of the positions had sub meter estimated accuracy so the objectives were met.  This data will be used for planning and management of water resources by planners and land managers such as AGAI.  This dataset is part of a set of data for the entire Perks Canal.

Kelly Newman and DJ Pinkham
Perks Canal Section 2 Perks Canal Section 2 PDF

The Perks Canal project was aimed toward the goal of accurately locating and mapping the various sections of the Perks Canal throughout Manhattan, MT. The purpose was to allow the community with accurate data to show which properties the canal runs through and to assist in water rights. The objectives of this mapping project were completed with successfully mapping all the features of the perks canal with sub meter accuracy. The mapping of the canal was done with an offset as small as 1 meter and up to 5 meters depending on the vegetation surrounding the canal itself. All point features were identified through the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) Feature Identification Booklet. Each feature was mapped using the nesting option on the receiver. The point features include various diversions, crossings, pumps, and other various utility features necessary to control and distribute the canal water. The mapping of the Perks Canal will help property owners and help assist in proper water rights for different properties. This will insure the proper distribution and usage of all the water in the Perks Canal.

Ed Cope and Kevin Loberg
Perks Canal Section 2 Perks Canal Section 3 PDF

This map is the result of cooperation between AGAI, Gallatin County GIS, and MSU to map the Perks irrigation canal near and in Manhattan, MT.  The entire canal was mapped in four sections.  This specific map portrays section three of the canal, starting from north of I-90 flowing north and west to approximately 1085 Yadon Road.  The purpose was to create accurate locations of the canal and its features to be used for a variety of planning and mapping purposes.  Data was collected using a Trimble GeoXH 2008 receiver with an external hurricane antenna on October 15, November 23, 24, and 25, 2011.  Offsets were used on portions of the canal visible and open to such methods.  Areas of the canal that were less accessible were mapped by wading the centerline.  Point features were mapped by direct occupation.  Overall accuracy of the map is five meters due to the aerial photo used for the background.  Of the data gathered, highest mean estimated accuracy is 1.2 meters; well below the stated project goal of two-to-three meters.  The data will be used by AGAI, government agencies, and other interested parties for planning and management of irrigation activities, and future construction projects.

Jake Clemens, Joe Hoffman and Chris Krouse
Perks Canal Section 2 Perks Canal Section 4 PDF

The canal dataset will be used to provide city and county offices with accurate data layers for water systems intersecting both private and public lands in Gallatin County.  The data will also assist the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) and the canal company manage their active waterways.  Prior to the mapping project between AGAI and MSU there was little to no mapping data available, beyond aerial photography and hand drawn maps.  Since water rights, both in relation to private residences and agriculture are potential sources of controversy, it is helpful for canal managers and county officials to have accurate canal data.  Relevant water features include diversion points and water pumps intersecting the canal.  The mapping was conducted while using a Trimble GeoHX handheld GPS receiver during the fall of 2011.  The overall estimated accuracy for this data was 87% in the sub meter range following differential correction. 

AGAI Fall Semester 2010

Chad Klein and Holt Hancock
Mammoth Ditch Section 1 Mammoth Ditch Section 1 PDF

The Mammoth Ditch, an agricultural entity overseen by the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI), is located just west of Bozeman, MT in the Gallatin Valley and derives its water from the Gallatin River. In collaboration with AGAI and Allen Armstrong of the Gallatin County GIS Department, this project utilized GPS mapping techniques and a data dictionary provided by Allen Armstrong to gather accurate spatial data of the canal centerline and related canal features (headgates, flues, crossings, culverts, etc.) and create an updated map of the first section of the Mammoth Ditch.  During mapping, one person walked the centerline of the canal collecting a line feature while the other person collected data from the related point features.  Data was post-processed using GPS Pathfinder Office.  Canal centerline GPS positions contained an average horizontal precision of 0.25 m at the 68% confidence level, while that of the crossing features averaged 0.195 m.   The data and final map will assist AGAI and the Gallatin County GIS Department in allocating agricultural water resources, observing and planning for land-use change, and preserving the agricultural legacy of the Gallatin Valley.

Jeff Hedstrom and Nick Urbas
Mammoth Ditch Fork A Mammoth Ditch Fork A PDF

Our goal was to provide an accurate map of the Mammoth Canal and its features (pumps, crossings, head gates etc.) for the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) and the Gallatin County GIS department.  As a group we were mapping the entire length of the Mammoth Canal.  Our Project area started at the 2nd diversion point from the main Mammoth Canal diversion point on the West Gallatin River.  We utilized using a mapping offset because some sections were heavily covered and there was not a clear path to walk.  We also used a Hurricane External Antenna in order to achieve higher accuracy in these heavily covered areas. Our desired accuracy was sub 3 meters for the canal and all other features. The main feature, which was the canal, had an average accuracy of 0.2 meters. The most common other points were crossings which had an estimated accuracy of 0.25 m. This map and all the data should be useful for AGAI, Gallatin County GIS, and any other users who may need to use this data.

Diane Rauch
Mammoth Ditch Fork B Mammoth Ditch Fork B PDF

The Associated Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) and Gallatin County GIS cooperated with students at MSU to map irrigation canals in the Gallatin Valley.  The purpose was to create accurate locations of the canals and their features that can be used for a variety of planning and mapping purposes.  The current AGAI project is Mammoth irrigation canal, which begins at Four Corners and ends in Belgrade.  The canal was mapped in four sections, and this map displays the canal starting at a diversion near Baxter Lane and ending at Cameron Bridge Road.  In order to provide accurate data, Trimble’s GeoXH receivers were used providing three meter accuracy or better for all features.  Because of dense tree cover, buildings, and undesirable terrain, offsets were used to map most features.  The data collected will be used by AGAI and Gallatin County for land use decisions, and will also be available to the public for other uses.

Eric Slind
Mammoth Ditch Fork B, cont. Mammoth Ditch Fork B, cont. PDF

The goal of this project was to provide an accurate map of the Mammoth Canal and it’s features (crossings, diversions, head gates, etc.) for the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) and the Gallatin County GIS department. I started at the intersection of W. Cameron Bridge Road and Jackrabbit Land and mapped the canal until the intersection of Frank Road and Jackrabbit Lane. A mapping offset was used on parts of the ditch. I did not use any extra equipment other than the Trimble GeoXH. The desired accuracy was 3 meters for the canal and 3 meters for all other features. The main feature, (the canal) had an average accuracy of 0.1 meters. The most common feature other than the canal was crossings which all had accuracies of 0.1 meters. This map and the associated reference data will hopefully be useful for AGAI, Gallatin County GIS, and any others who may have an interest in water rights issues and the location of features in the mapped area.

Jeff Hedstrom
Mammoth Ditch Last Section Mammoth Ditch Last Section PDF

AGAI Spring Semester 2010

Ron Quinn and Dan Campbell
Farmer's Canal Section 1 Farmer's Canal Section 1 PDF

The Farmer’s Canal guides water from the Gallatin River in Gallatin Gateway, Montana through agricultural land approximately 11 miles to the town of Bozeman.  Use of the canal is supervised by the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) and an accurate map of the canal and it’s features was long overdue. With these data, AGAI and the Gallatin County GIS department will be able to administer water inputs and outputs and make decisions on future water issues along the canal. Our data was collected with Trimble GeoXH receivers and the map was using ArcMap software. Using this technology we surpassed our goal of 1 meter accuracy by mapping all points within 0.5 meters of their true location.

Chelsey Gilman and Patrick O'Leary
Farmer's Canal Section 2 Farmer's Canal Section 2 PDF

The purpose of the Farmers Canal service learning project was to work with Association of Gallatin Agriculture Irrigators in order to create a representation of the canal features and its location relative to private and public property. The objective was to accurately map and gain mapping experience using GPS mapping techniques.  The canal is located South West of Bozeman, Montana and East of Gallatin Gateway. It originates from the Gallatin River with the end point unknown. Mapping was conducted using a Trimble GeoXH receiver using advanced mapping techniques such as offset when necessary. The desired horizontal accuracy was less than 1 meter for all features.  The canal centerline and the headgate locations were the most important features of this project. Their horizontal accuracy resulted in less than one meter. However, the background file’s horizontal accuracy is 5 meters making this map more than 1 meter in accuracy. This map is useful for any associated used with the Farmers Canal.

Eliot Clendenin and Karson Lucas
Farmer's Canal Section 3 Farmer's Canal Section 3 PDF

This project is intended to supply the public and landowners with an accurate display of the Farmers Canal Irrigation system.  Features along the Farmers Canal are displayed for reference, orientation and future records.  The features and the canal were recorded using a Tremble GeoXH with internal antenna.  Average positions collected were 30 logs per feature.  Offsets were used for mid-canal features as well as areas of low satellite availability.  Standard accuracies for a Trimble GeoXH receiver is 30cm + 1ppm RMS.  The features mapped were contained in the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators Data Dictionary version 2010.  They include canal features such as headgates, inlets, and diversions.  This product is considered successful when bearing in mind the intentions of canal and feature identification.   This map could be used for the clarification of water rights or locating appropriate position for new canal features.   

AGAI Fall Semester 2009

Anna Bergstrom, Spencer Gilchrist, Joseph Milbrath and Christine Miller
West Gallatin Canal Gallatin Ditch Overall PDF , Gallatin Ditch Section 1 PDF , Gallatin Ditch Section 2 PDF , Gallatin Ditch Section 3 PDF

Our goal was to provide an accurate map of the West Gallatin Canal and it’s features (pumps, crossings, head gates etc.) for the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) and the Gallatin County GIS department. We started at the diversion from the West Gallatin River and mapped the canal in manageable sections. A mapping offset was used on some sections. We also used a Hurricane external antenna in order to achieve higher accuracy. Our desired accuracy was 2 meters for the canal and 1 meter for all other features. The main feature, (the canal) had an average accuracy of .4 meters. The most common other points included crossings and head gates which had accuracies of .34 and .25 meters, respectively. We hope that this map and the associated reference data will be useful for AGAI, Gallatin County GIS, and any others who may have an interest in water rights issues and the location of features in the mapped area.

AGAI Spring Semester 2009

Melissa Haack and Heather Wofford
Lowline Canal Section 1 Lowline Canal Section 1 PDF

A Trimble GeoXT receiver was used to collect data for the lowline canal which stretches from Four Corners, MT to Manhattan, MT. This project was originally started as cooperation between Montana State University, Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI), and Gallatin County GIS department. The purpose of mapping the canal was to enhance management and planning in regards to the canal and its feature by the aforementioned parties. The canal was divided into sections for ease of mapping and data collection. Section one will be discussed in the following report.

Anthony Horwath, Ben Pehl and Peter Redmon
Lowline Canal Section 2 Lowline Canal Section 2 PDF

The goal of Land Resource and Environmental Science 357 is to be able to produce an original map. The map for this project is section two of the Low Line Irrigation Canal in Gallatin County of Montana. The purpose of making this map is so users of the canal can locate features along the canal easily and efficiently. The objectives of this project include data collection, data processing, and the final map product. These objectives were met through the following methods. Data collecting with a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver was done through a data dictionary that was created by the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI). This data is then imported into GPS Pathfinder Office, a software program that allows the user to organize, asses, differentially correct, and edit the data. It is then exported to a Geographic Information System (ArcGIS) to be made into a final map. The final results met the objectives. An outstanding map was produced that clearly shows features the AGAI personal want on the map. The data quality was very high as 97% of the canal line positions had one meter accuracy.

Adam Sarvey and Kate Jordan
Lowline Canal Section 3 Lowline Canal Section 3 PDF

The low line canal mapping project is cooperation between the Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators (AGAI) and the Land Resources students of Montana State University. The purpose of the project is to use GPS (Global Positioning Systems) to accurately collect data on features of the canal. This data will then be processed into GIS (Geographic Information System) and production a map of the low line canal is the ultimate goal. The maps will display important features of the canal, such as head gates, crossings and diversions to and from the canal. By building this database and having accurate maps of features along the canal will aid in the Gallatin County’s ability to make important decisions about the land use surrounding the canal. The third section of the low line canal is represented by the following project report. This section starts from Stage Coach Trail Rd. and ends just southwest of Interstate 90W and Manhattan, Montana.  Data collection was completed successfully, with the combination of advanced mapping techniques, correct settings for equipment, and differential correction of the data collected. The quality of the data is of one meter accuracy, the best for the allowed equipment used. The objectives of the project were met for the third section of the low line canal. The maps and data collected will aid in AGAI and Gallatin County GIS department in recommending or opposing land use practices correlation with the low line canal. Information of features is vital in water right litigation as well as a determination of support for new subdivision or other land use planning to be considered. 

AGAI Fall Semester 2008

Jordan Beamer and Curtiss Swets
AGAI Canal Mapping
Lowline Canal PDF , Lowline Canal 3-D PDF

In the fall of 2008 members of the MSU LRES 357 class was asked by the AGAI (Association of Gallatin Agricultural Irrigators) to begin a mapping project on the canal systems in the Gallatin Valley.  The purpose of the current project was to map the beginning stretch of the Low Line Canal (~10 mile west of Bozeman, MT) using Trimble GeoXT GPS units collecting data on features including the main canal, head gates, and crossings.  Then the maps would be used by AGAI and Gallatin Valley Planning to provide canal users with information on the canal. The plan was to have each successive mapping class work on this project continuing where the previous class left off.  The final product for the fall 2008 project was a set of 12 color maps and metadata set of features which is built by data collected from the GPS receivers by the students.  Overall the data collected met the project objectives and the procedures used will provide the future classes with a good template for future projects.

Curt Leibrand and Robyn Wanken
AGAI Canal Mapping
Lowline Canal PDF

Low Line Canal is a 25 mile irrigation canal starting from the Gallatin River northwest of Gateway and ending west of Manhattan.  The canal meanders through many acres of private land that depends upon this water source in the summer to irrigate crops. The purpose of this project was to give landowners, developers, and others a resource to use to locate the canal as well as to identify its main features such as head-gates and bridges.  To do this we used Trimble GeoXT receivers. We mapped the first 9 miles of the canal using this GPS technology.  Our goal was to map everything with sub-meter accuracy so that each feature would be easy to relocate as well as be accurate on background aerial photographs.  The objectives and the accuracy goals of the project were met overall and a final map was created using Microsoft Pathfinder Office and ArcMap GIS software.   

Fall Semester 2012

Gustave Sexauer
Bear Canyon Ski Area BearCanyonSkiArea1, BearCanyonSkiArea2

This project was created to accurately map Bozeman’s historic ski area. Bear Canyon, owned by the Mt. Ellis Academy, lies at the south end of Bear Canyon Road a few miles east of Bozeman. Two maps were to be created, the first detailing the location of the ski area equipment and infrastructure. This map is to aid the owners in maintaining and keeping inventory of the premises. The second map is for recreational users that may use the area by permission. This map illustrates the ski lift, trails, and trees within the boundary.  The data was collected using a GPS receiver and was later refined through post-processed differential correction. Advanced collection methods included offsets to decrease multipath from forest canopy, electrical equipment, and buildings, nesting features to reduce walking time, and mapping averaged vertices to more accurately record the shape of geometric features. The overall estimated horizontal accuracy for the project is 0.8m, which met the initial objectives. Although the Bear Canyon Ski Area no longer operates regularly, this project may increase awareness of this local gem and push outdoor enthusiasts to maintain the area for future enjoyment.

Scott Morgan
DeRahm Property

Just south of the Bozeman city limits lies 80 acres of agricultural land.  Developments of houses, subdivisions, and businesses are steadily moving south from Bozeman and the property is being encroached on from the north, east, and west.  We have a unique opportunity to protect a small slice of classic Montana agrarian heritage and to help Bozeman preserve open space and expand the extensive “Main Street to Mountains” trail system.  Features mapped include buildings, fences, springs, creeks, and trees.    A Trimble GeoXH handheld GPS receiver was used and useable accuracies were obtained due to the wide open nature of the mapping area.  Data was collected on foot and the project was mapped successfully. The map was overlaid on top of an aerial photograph from NRIS for reference.  Point (trees, buildings), line (fences) and area (aspen groves, creek bed) features were all collected and attributes added for additional information.  This map can be used by city and county planners to help future decisions about what and where to implement the recently passed Gallatin County open space bond and Bozeman’s parks and recreation bond.

Ben Rice
Fort Keogh FortKeogh1, FortKeogh2, FortKeogh3

Fort Keogh is an agriculture research station that is in cooperation with Montana State University. The objective for this project was to map the corrals, buildings, fire hydrants and grain bins that are located at Fort Keogh.  The buildings were collected and the uses of these buildings were noted in the attributes. The method of collection was using the Trimble GeoXH receiver; also digitizing buildings using an aerial digital orthophotoquad image. During the collection of features with the Trimble GeoXH receiver I was able to get accuracy from meter to three meter accuracy. Because the corrals are made up of mobile panels, this accuracy was more than adequate. The Fire Hydrants were recorded with a one and a half meter accuracy allowing these hydrants to be located quickly.
The objectives of this project were met, by accurately recording desired features at the Research Station. The features recorded are easily recognizable once combined with a digital aerial orthophotoquad. This data quality is more than adequate for mapping features at this scale. After differential correction this data was all under three meters accuracy. 
To conclude; this data will be used by Montana State University and possibly by Fort Keogh. Using this data anyone who is interested can easily see the layout of Fort Keogh. This map could also be useful for the visitor center to hand out; Fort Keogh is a frequented destination for Fishermen and Hunters. Having accurate maps of where cattle are held and adding references to maps will greatly help visitors navigate through the Research Station and to their fishing and hunting destinations. 

Mike Ekegren
Fort Harrison Pistol Range FtHarrisonPistolRange

Ft. Harrison Pistol Range was a mapping project that tested the utility of the Trimble GeoXH GPS receiver under time constraints. The purpose of the project was to create a one meter accuracy map of the Ft. Harrison Pistol Range with only a two hour data collection session. The mapping time limit required the mapper to run between range features and collect data as soon as the receiver’s estimated accuracy indicator showed 50cm or lower. All features were mapped with the receiver at or directly above them; no other techniques or external antennas were used. Multipath from the corrugated steel buildings proved to be the largest cause of error. Post processing resulted in 99.47% of positions being within the intended accuracy of one meter. The overall objective was met; a map with one meter accuracy was produced from a single two hour mapping session. This project is suitable for any user of the Ft Harrison Pistol Range who has a recreation grade GPS receiver. 

Jason Hew
Gallagator Trail

The purpose of this mapping project is for the recreational use of the Gallagator Trail system that runs throughout the town of Bozeman, MT.  This trail system is one of, if not, the most used trail in Bozeman.  Heavy pedestrian traffic on the Gallagator necessitates a recreational grade map of features, such as parking areas, trashcans, trail signs, and benches, which a user might utilize while enjoying a stroll on the trail.  A Trimble Geo XH receiver along with an external mini antenna was used to collect data.  An overall map accuracy of 2 meters was desired, and nearly achieved, probably due to thick canopy cover in some areas.  Because this map is only for recreational use, the purpose of this map was met, although 3.16% of the data collected was not the accuracy stated.  Whether planning a picnic in a relaxing setting, or going from College Street to Peet’s hill to enjoy a winter sledding adventure, or anything in between, residents of Bozeman can utilize this map to plan accordingly. 

Neto Garcia
Ground Water Study at Red Bluff GroundWaterStudyatRedbluff1, GroundWaterStudyatRedbluff2, GroundWaterStudyatRedbluff3

Mountain big sagebrush is the most likely species to capitalize on additional water generated by forest thinning so this project will evaluate the effect of the woody species Artemisia tridentata vaseyana on groundwater levels in a foothills environment. Four levels of sagebrush thinning will be conducted over a four year period to learn how shrub cover affects groundwater levels and stream flow. The study area map include wells, vegetation transects, drainage lines, basin areas, and vegetation cover type areas. The GPS data was collected in September of 2012 using a Trimble GPS receiver model “Geo XH”. The data from the area features were collected walking on the perimeter of each area. The data from the line features were collected walking over the line. The data from point features were collected positioning the receiver over the feature. For the most important features wells and transects the accuracy achieved was 0.1 meters. The accuracy for the entire project is 5 meters. The results achieved met the project expectation. The map will be used for compute and locate the treated areas also be a safe way to preserve the geographic locations of each feature.   

Trevor Wood
Haugland Ranch Pasture Fencing HauglandRanch

The purpose of the Haugland Ranch mapping project was to provide the owner with a map of his fence lines for a pasture that had a great deal of fence in need of repair. The goal was to provide him with a map that would allow him to locate the areas that need repair without working through the whole fence line. I also mapped and reported the condition of the gates and h-braces within the fence lines. This process was done using a GeoXH handheld GPS receiver on foot and on an ATV. The results of the mapping successfully mapped the fence lines and the features accurately (< 5 meters), which was the required accuracy I determined. I also chose to map the pond that cattle are able to access within the pasture. The owner now has a high quality map to help him repair the fence in that pasture.

Jordan Westenberg
Langhor Campground LanghorCampground

The goal of the Langhor Campground Mapping Project was to map the southern portion of Langhor Campground in Hyalite Canyon in a way that contained useful information for recreational users of the area.  This project sought to inform the target audience of the various facilities available at the site as well as information about individual campsites.  Campsite information includes the shape and size of the site, the location of the firepit and picnic table(s) on the site as well as their state of repair and the overall privacy of each site relative to its surroundings.

The final map was produced using data collected from a GeoXH GPS receiver that was differentially corrected using Pathfinder Office Software.  Approximately 95.4% of the data collected met the goal of sub 2 meter accuracy.  The overall map is accurate to within approximately 2.2 meters.  Despite several data positions logged above the target accuracy the project as a whole was highly accurate and successful.  This data will help prospective users of the Langhor Campground to select and reserve the optimal campsite to accommodate their party without any previous knowledge of the layout of the campground itself.

Stephen Lesky
Manhattan Wildlife Association
RiflePistol, Shotgun

The goal of this project was to map the shooting range that is operated by the Manhattan Wildlife Association (MWA). The shooting range  is located Northwest of the town of Logan, Montana. The only map of the range the Association has is an aerial photo that was taken a number of years ago. The purpose and objectives of this project were to create a map of the range facilities in order to better serve the range in directing members and guests to various locations on the grounds and help in any future management and construction decisions. The result of project was a map that better served the range’s needs and  that met the 50cm or better accuracy at about an 80% level. Most of the methods used were basic mapping techniques, although offsets and averaged vertices techniques were employed in harder to map areas. Important features of the map included the shooting areas and clubhouses. This map will serve the MWA as a tool to direct members and guests to various locations on the grounds and served as a reference document in any future management and/or construction decisions.

Justin Marlen
Marlen Blue Cloud Property

This map was created to serve as a general purpose planning map to assist the landowners in management of the property. A secondary purpose was to create an inventory of significant existing trees on the property as the landowners place high value on these features. All data was collected using a handheld Trimble GeoXH GPS receiver. As a whole, 94.99 percent of the collected data has an estimated accuracy of better than 1 meter at a 68 percent confidence interval. The background layer of the map limits the overall estimated accuracy to 5 meters, however.

Matt Wieland
Moonlight Basin
Moonlight1, Moonlight2, Moonlight3

The North Summit Avalanche path at Moonlight Basin ski area in Big Sky, MT is the largest avalanche path at the resort.  This path frequently avalanches during the winter season both naturally and from explosive control.  The purpose of this project was to document the boundary of the largest historic avalanche the resort has seen since conducting avalanche control and also to explore past indicators of avalanche events via tree flagging and relative tree height.  Also recorded were the bottom and top levels of the rock glaciers in the area. The rock glacier lines aid in looking at flow paths of the avalanche terrain.  The points, lines and polygons were mapped with a Trimble GeoXH receiver and then post-processed in Trimble Pathfinder Office software with all estimated accuracies below two meters.  The data was collected on the ground by walking all areas and the results are displayed using ESRI’s ArcMAP package. The objective for this project was met.  This information is intended to be used for historic record keeping and future investigations into avalanche events in the area and possible future hazard mapping and analysis.

Greg Johnson
MSU Golf Course

The goal of this project was to create a map and dataset associated with a 9-hole recreational golf, or folf, course for the Montana State University Campus. The data is used to outline typical features found on a real golf course. Objectives included collecting GPS data to delineate polygon features associated with teeboxes, fairways, and hazards. Highly accurate (<1m) point features were collected to serve as targets for each hole. Features were collected using a Trimble GeoXH receiver. After the collection phase, data was then differentially corrected for higher accuracy. Overall, 70% of the features obtained sub meter accuracy in a 68% confidence interval, which met the overall goals of the project. Hole features required the highest accuracy. Hole features obtained accuracy of 1 meter or less in a 68% confidence interval, which also met objectives of the project. The accuracy of the final map is limited to the accuracy of the background aerial image at 5 meter scale. This project is designed for recreational use of MSU students and faculty.

Ellie Southworth
Peet’s Hill

The goal of this project was to create a map of the Peet’s Hill Trails including additional features such as parking locations, trailheads, mileage information markers, bench locations and doggie bag locations. Peet’s Hill is located in downtown Bozeman near the public library and is a popular trail system in both winter and summer months. The data for this project was collected using a Trimble GeoXH handheld receiver. The final map’s accuracy was limited by the background aerial photograph, which had an accuracy of 5 meters. All mapped features had accuracies of 2 meters or better and met the requirements specified for the project. The main features mapped were the trails. Trail attributes included trail name, surface type and designation of main or secondary trail. The objectives of the project were met. This map will be useful for walkers, runners and dog walkers to familiarize themselves with the area as well as locate benches and places where they can get doggie bags to clean up after their dogs.

Steve Keslin
Peet's Hill

This project looks at Pete’s Hill and the trail system that travels through it.  The goals here were to gather GPS data along the length of the trail and also collect data on where scenic benches and waste bins are in order to make a map that is easy to read and follow.  A trimble GPS receiver was used to collect the data.  After collection, the data was processed and examined so to remove any redundant data and fix any multipath that occurred while data collection was performed.  Overall the data quality was good, there were little signs of multipath and during the time of collection there were multiple satellites available.  H-star technology was able to be applied because there were enough satellites to collect data from.  This gave the project an overall very high accuracy, well within reason for a trail map.  People who are out walking their dogs on Pete’s Hill will find this map useful because it will help them find waste bins to dispose of their dog’s waste, and it will also guide them to benches that they can sit at and overlook Bozeman while their dog runs around with some new friends.

Aaron Watson
Ross Pass Berries
RossPassBerries1, RossPassBerries2, RossPassBerries3

Everyone loves to pick and eat wild berries, but finding them can sometimes prove a difficult and time consuming task. The goal of this project is to build a map that will help increase a berry picker’s efficiency and overall enjoyment. Providing the berry picker with a neat easy to read map that has an overall accuracy of ≥ 2 meters is essential. All data was collected using a Trimble GEO XH GPS unit with a magnetic mount antenna to help improve accuracy and ease backcountry travel. The main features of the map included travel routes, which consist of multiple types of trails, berry patches, which are separated into two categories large and small patches, and multiple campsites to help make your berry picking experience the best. Of all the data mapped only 3% failed to meet the ≥ 2 meters accuracy standards. The only data that failed to meet the standards where the bushwhacking and road lines in the travel routes feature. Three maps have been created to help improve readability, one main overview map and two larger scale (closer view) maps. These maps will be useful to anyone who is up for an adventure and wants to collect berries.   

Steven Wagner
Story Mill Spur

The purpose of the project was to provide information that could be used for future trail use. Goals were to map the trail and known locations of features along the trail.  Data collected with GeoXH receiver and differentially corrected. The only special mapping method used was distance/bearing offset for 3 features. The data quality of the project is good with all of the data being accurate to 2meters most of it being accurate to 1 meter. The most important feature had good accuracy which is a big part of why the overall accuracy is good. However the trail is clearly doesn’t match up with the back ground file in one area. That area had a lot of trees which affected the accuracy. The goals and objectives were met during the project. Information will be used for future trail use including knowledge of routes, planning new routes to connect trails and adding benches or other necessary items along the trail.

Chris Olsen and Evan Schock
Towne's Harvest Garden

Townes Harvest Garden in conjuncture with Friends of Local Foods at Montana State University was formed in 2006. The aim of this establishment was to focus on encouraging awareness of local foods and adopting sustainable lifestyles.  Our project aimed to further update and highlight new features around the farm to an already existing map with a version of our own. With our work we hoped to improve accuracy and relevant information about the farm. Our purpose was to benefit access to information about what is found here. New important features were added that range from new construction to new plots of arable land. We strived to include all new relevant features and changes that have occurred with sufficient accuracy. 84% of our data was collected at sub-meter accuracy ranges. Our GPS data was collected and then differentially corrected by the CORS Bozeman station at a distance of 1.2 miles. Through our data collection and post processing our map and data will provide an updated addition to the current Townes Harvest map. Our objective was met and we hope that this map and its data will provide beneficial information for people interested in the work and activities at Townes Harvest MSU throughout the future.

Fall Semester 2011

Scott Roden
Sod Farm SodFarm PDF

The goals of this project were to complete an accurate survey of Springhill Sod Farm to meet the needs of the farm's purveyors. This project was designed to be a real world exercise involving actual clients and analysis that would be useful in their business operations.  They wanted to know the overall acreage of the sod farm, the acreage assigned to each type of sod grown, the actual sodable acreage of each type of sod, and the infrastructure in place for the day-today operations. The base map created allows for assessment of current operational status and allows for future planning and management. Data collection methods for this project were challenging to develop due to the size of the study area (the perimeters of the sod rings total to approximately 12 miles). Traveling by Segway (to avoid damaging the sod) and using offsets, made collection of sod-ring data much easier as it allowed for quick travel across smooth land. In addition to these methods, triple distance offsets were used to combat multipath interference around buildings. The overall estimated accuracy for this project is approximately 2.7m; however the estimated accuracy for the sod-rings layer is 0.3875m which is well within accuracy required by the clients.

Todd Kirby and Josh McFarland
Bear Canyon Recreation Area Climbing Locations ClimbingAreas PDF, MysticLake PDF, NewWorldGulchTrail PDF

The New World Gulch trailhead is located southeast of Bozeman, Montana in Bear Canyon. From the trailhead you are able to travel back to Mystic Lake by foot, mountain bike, ski, snowshoe or horseback. The Bear Canyon area is located in the Gallatin Mountain Range. The main purpose of this project is to map recreational aspects of the Bear Canyon area. Features that are mapped are Mystic Lake, parking areas, the New World Gulch trail, trailheads, climbing locations, campsites, signs, outhouses, and forest service cabins. These will be presented on an aerial photograph at a scale of 1:24,000. The features mapped will allow the user to understand the Bear Canyon area and use the data to his/her usage. For the features collected contain the attributes relevant to each individual shape file. The features collected are points, area and line features. The overall estimated accuracy for this data set is 1 meter or less. The final resulting product includes a different shape file of the main features that comprise this recreational area. Some multipath was faced as a tree canopy covered the path of the trail. Velocity filtering and editing were used to clean up the multipath spikes. Recreationalists will use this information to understand and have an interactive template for backcountry travel and recreation in the Bear Canyon area. All data was collected on foot using a GeoXH GPS receiver. Our goals were met by the end of the project. We successfully mapped out our projected project area.

Ben Lynn
G Bar M Guest Ranch Plateau Trail G bar M PDF

The purpose of the G bar M project was to give the owner a map to show his guests one of the more scenic trail rides on the ranch.  The goal and the objective was to inform the ranch owner how long the trail was and to map a few other important features on his place.  These other features were the buildings, barn, and one of his hay fields.  This was accomplished by use of the GeoXH handheld GPS receiver.  An external mini antenna was used throughout the whole project to receive the wanted accuracy.  The results of the project were successful.  The data quality of the whole project was within the required accuracy of at least 5 meters.  The important features also had good accuracy which contributed to the whole projects data quality.  The only feature that the data quality was a little poor on was the plateau trail.  This was because much of the trail is in heavy timber.  This poor data did not have any effect on the final map though because of velocity filtering and editing in pathfinder office.  The objective was met.  The ranch owner will use this project to show his guests one trail ride that they will go on.

Aaron Mason
Hyalite Reservoir Recreation Area Hyalite11 PDF

The goal for this project was to map the Hyalite Reservoir water body in October 2011, as well as selected features, such as a newly built pavilion and the Hood Creek Campground road.  The purpose of the project was to create a reference map that could be used by all recreational users of the area.  It was an objective of the project to observe water levels in the reservoir in October 2011.

The project was mapped on location using a handheld GPS, Trimble’s GeoXH.  Many of the features were mapped 1:1, unless noted otherwise in the metadata.  The main water body shore line was mapped by canoeing the entire perimeter of the reservoir and recording an offset, to map the actual shore line.  The overall data quality of the project was excellent. The map that was created has an accuracy limited by the background image; therefore the level of accuracy is 5 meters.  All features met the accuracy objectives set at the beginning the project. The mapping project is intended to be used by all recreational users of the area as a reference map. It was also intentions to demonstrate the water levels in October of 2011, for any parties interested, such as the Bozeman Water Department.

Richard Martin
Hyalite Climbing Routes HyaliteClimbing PDF

The objective of this project was to map some of the more accessible and popular ice climbing routes in Hyalite Canyon.  Hyalite Canyon is located 20 minutes south of Bozeman, MT. The purpose of this map was to show fellow ice climbers where some of the more popular routes are located and what trails to take to access them.  The data was collected on a Trimble GeoXH receiver using a hat-mounted external antenna.  There were two major feature types. The first was ClimbingRoutes, which were point features that indicated where climbing routes were located.  Attributes such as route length, difficulty and route name were also collected for these features.  The second major features recorded were Trails. These consisted of line features that represented where the trails used to access the climbing routes from the parking lot were located. Other features such as ParkingArea and Restrooms were also mapped.  Overall the data for this project was mostly accurate to 5 meters which is perfectly fine for its application as a reference guide. There were a few outliers in the data that had accuracy as bad as 100 meters, but those points were manually checked against the known positions on an aerial photograph. This map can be used by outdoor enthusiasts of any type, but will be most useful to ice climbers in the winter months.

Chet Cook and Drew Lewis
Long View Estates Long View Estates PDF

Long View Estates is a property that consists of approximately 42 acres off rolling hills and grassland. It is located on Blackwood Road, near Elk Grove Subdivision. The property is owned by Jeremy Henrichon. The objective of the project was to map the property boundary and it’s attributes at sub-meter accuracy to provide the landowner with up-to-date details on the features located on the property as a reference for potential land buyers. His plan is to sell the property as an entire lot, or broken up into different parcels based on buyers wants.

During our data collection process we used advanced mapping techniques such as “nest”, “offset”, and “pause/resume” to collect features with the best possible accuracy. The data quality report stated that 97% of our positions had an estimated horizontal accuracy of less than one meter, and all of our features were mapped with an estimated horizontal accuracy of less than one meter. This met our project objective.

This project map and data can be used by the landowner and potential land buyers. Further survey-grade mapping must be done to designate exact lot boundaries once a lot is purchased. This dataset is not intended as a legal survey.

Alice Hecht
Nash Labyrinth NashLabyrinth PDF

The purpose of this project was to use GPS mapping as a tool for assessing the suitability of different locations in Nash Park for a turf or stone meditation labyrinth.

Labyrinths (not mazes) first were created in the form I am looking to build in a few European cathedrals in the middle ages.  In recent years they have become more popular and are being built in parks and other locations all around the world.  I have been considering building one for the last year, but have had trouble visualizing such a large pattern on the ground. 

GPS, along with ArcMap provided excellent tools for scouting out places on the ground and visualizing them on a real map.  Three locations were identified that were deemed most suitable for their vegetation types, proximity to trails, view, distance from homes with aggressive animals as well as a lack of other distractions.  Also accessed was convenience for dog owners, since currently the main use of the park is by dog owners.  The chosen locations were 31meters in diameter, 21.5 meters in diameter and 12.5 meters in diameter. 

Nick Miles
Bangtail Divide Whitebark Pine Bangtail PDF

In the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Whitebark pine is a valued conifer by an array of umbrella species, including Grizzly Bears, Clarks Nutcracker and others. The value of this pine comes from its seeds, (pine nuts) which offer the highest fat content of any pine nut in the Pinus species. Their seeds are utilized by humans as well, primarily for use in 'oatmeal chocolate white-pine cookies', and other delectable foods'. Whitebark pine is rapidly vanishing from the high altitude montane regions of the Western United States due to a combination of 'white pine blister rust', increasing average temperatures and the subsequent migration of 'bark beetle' to higher elevations- where Whitebark pine would otherwise be protected by sub-zero temperatures during the winter months. The purpose of this project is to document Whitebark pine stands within 10 meters of the Grassy Mountain trail in order to assist in 1) Whitebark pine seed collection for use in culinary applications 2) document the health and size of whitebark pine stands. This mapping project shows the abundance of Whitebark pine along the Grassy Mountain/Bangtail Divide trail, from Olson Creek to Bracket Creek. The condition of the trail, health of Whitebark pine stands, and number of trunks per stand. A Trimble GeoXH receiver was used to collect geographic data-Trimble Pathfinder Office and ESRI ArcMap was used for map construction/data analysis. The datum used was (NAD83cors) and the coordinate system is lat/long. Overall Estimated Accuracy for Project Range Percentage 0 - 15 cm 0.1% 15 - 30 cm 11.6% 30 - 50 cm 30.2% 0.5 - 1 m 33.5% 1 - 2 m 18.5% 2 - 5 m 4.9% >5 m 1.3%.

Fall Semester 2010

Kailee Bickford
Bickford Ranch Bickford Ranch PDF

The purpose of the Bickford Ranch Project was to create a useable map of the ranch for general planning.  The ranch is located in north central Montana, southeast of Havre approximately 4 miles.  The goal was to map fences, water sources, water tanks, arena, and the creek all within 50cm accuracy.  80.8/% of the project was estimated to be within 50cm accuracy once completed.  The data is all within 5m which is still useable for the planned use of the map.  With the background files included the map is only accurate to 5 m.   A Trimble GeoXH receiver was used to collect all the features.  The software programs Pathfinder Office and ArcMap were used for processing the data and making the map.  Advanced mapping techniques used include pause/resume, continue feature, averaged vertices, and offsets.  The Bickford family will be able to use this map for planning purposes such as grazing management. 

Keyne Kensinger
MSU Football Stadium Recycling Football Stadium Recycling PDF

In 2009, the Associated Students of Montana State University Sustainability Department initiated a recycling program designed to provide football fans an opportunity to recycle aluminum cans and plastic bottles. With so many fans tailgating before and after the game, the resource base was too large to ignore. Our mission is to sustain resources by keeping them out of the landfills to be reused and to help educate the attending patrons about recycling. Recycling bins are dispersed throughout the stadium and tailgating areas, as well as providing single use receptacles to each tailgating party. The tailgating area encompasses approximately 15 acres to accommodate 4,000 to 6,000 people. The locations of the recycling bins placed in the public area are critical to ensure maximum usage and convenience. GPS positions were collected with a Trimble GEOXH receiver using TerraSync software and post-processed with Pathfinder Office and exported to ArcMap for map arraignment and presentation. The techniques for position reading were simple point readings and offset coordinates using bearing and distance. The accuracy needed was sub-meter which was obtained with the post-processed differential conversion. We were able to produce a map that will help the Recycling Coordinator define the most usable areas for bin placement. The recycling bin placements were adapted to fit user convenience near areas of high congestion, stadium entrances, near restrooms and garbage cans. We are happy to report a successful recovery rate of approximately 13% per capita attending the football games. Recycling promotion was well received by the public and a high level of cooperation was observed.    

Neil Mauws
Mauws Ranch Mauws Ranch PDF

Goals: Map the Martin Place, a field located on the Mauws Ranch, in order to compare past use with current use.
Purpose: Look at field rotation. Over time, farmers and ranchers rotate their crops in order to provide adequate nutrients for the soil instead of depleting them. Fields are rotated between grain, winter wheat, spring wheat, or barley, and grass-alfalfa hay fields.
Objectives: Map out land features that will not change over time, such as water and land features, dams and coulees. Also, map the areas of land that are used for production agriculture. These areas are used for grain and hay production. Manmade structures, buildings, water tanks, and wells, will be mapped to point out areas that will never be used for production agriculture.
Methods: A Trimble GEOXH GPS receiver was used to map out all features. Most features could be collected using average, but buildings required average vertices with an offset. Data was differential corrected using Pathfinder Office, and exported to ArcMap for creation of the final map.
Applications: Land owner, Marvin Mauws, will use this map and information in planning crop rotations in the future. It will also help with records and documentation for the part that he is doing to conserve his land.

Nick Petshow
Hyalite Creek Trail Hyalite Creek Trail PDF

As one of the most popular outdoor recreation areas around Bozeman, the Hyalite Creek drainage basin is an ideal area for a recreation guide.  The purpose of the project was to map the Hyalite Creek trail along with scenic features.  This would then be used to build a virtual guide that will eventually encompass several more hiking trails around the Bozeman area.  An additional objective is to compare the results with several different publications (USGS, online mapping services).  A Trimble GeoXH receiver was used to collect the features.  The resulting map contains the main trail as well as several offshoots, waterfalls, and mapped elevation of Hyalite Peak (8 feet higher in elevation when compared with USGS 1:24k maps).  Even under a heavy tree canopy the results fall within the specified 5 meter accuracy.  The objectives of this project have been met.  Hikers, other outdoor recreationists, or tourists can use this guide to plan a trip, or gain further knowledge of the area.  The GPX file will be made available to aid in these activities.

Ben Redinius and Riley Rice
Middle Fork Canyon Middle Fork Canyon PDF

The Middle Fork Canyon of Sixteenmile Creek is located north of the Bridger Range, 11 miles east of Maudlow, Montana, in the Gallatin National Forest. It is home to numerous large limestone rock formations with rock climbing potential. Climbing began here in spring 2010. The need for exploration arose to discover quality rock and climbing-suited formations. The area of interest is approximately 0.25 square miles in area. We wanted to know: What features exist in this area? What are their properties? Where are they located?
We collected data for trails, rock formations, climbing routes, campsites, and landmarks based on two-meter accuracy. Trails were hiked and stored as line features. Polygon areas were made for rock formations with climbing routes nested as points. Due to high multipath, velocity filtering was used. In some cases we had to use point or line offsets with Trimble Hurricane antennas for improved accuracy. Data quality resulted in two-meter accuracy, with 95% of the data within one-meter accuracy. Our accuracy requirement was met.
We were successful in identifying a selection of each of the features we set out to collect. However, there remains vast potential for other features to be discovered and mapped in future. This information will aid in safe, relatively low impact development of the area. Future work could include more details on land access information, as much of the area of interest lies across Forest Service boundary signs.

Matt Shortland
Fairy Lake Bowl Finge Season Ski Map Fairy Lake Bowl PDF

The purpose of this project was to map the extent of early and late season skiable lines in the bowl above Fairy Lake.  Originally the goal was to map out all the lines, but there was not a high enough resolution base image that would show all of these features.  I mapped out the main lines though, and give the reader a good idea of where they should go to find decent skiing in this area.  I skied the lines while logging points, and used offsets for the smaller playground areas.  I used a Geo XH for my data collection.  99.9 % of all features collected were estimated to be within 5 meters of true.  This is appropriate for a map of general areas to ski.  The important features were ski lines, boot pack, ski track, major points on the way, and smaller playgrounds.  The map includes the skin track and boot pack, the smaller playgrounds, and the ski lines with vertical feet labeled and symbolized by exposure.  The objectives of the project were met.  Backcountry enthusiasts can use this map to plan their day, and determine what and where to ski.

Tanner Tompkins
Horseshoe Bowl Avalanche Zones Moonlight

Horseshoe Bowl is a steep, tree lined slope, generally with a weak snowpack due to thermals and little skier traffic.  There is regular wind loading and the slope ends at a roadcut beginner ski run, the road is frequently buried.
The goals of this project were to gain experience with the GeoXH receiver, general GPS mapping, and data management procedures mapping the Horseshoe Bowl area on the North side of Lone Peak.  The purpose of the project was to map general line and point features, including entrance and exit points of avalanche zones, ski runs, lift buildings, and the hike to the avalanche starting zones.  The objectives were to map the features with submeter accuracy.  This objective was met with 68% confidence.  The area was mapped using the GeoXH receiver with a patch antenna, and after mapping some lines were digitized in ArcMap.  
There could be a wide range of uses for this map, from being used to help new patrollers learn routes, to help someone navigate in extreme storm conditions, or to help someone orientate oneself with the area.  Additional data updates should be made under better conditions, such as wintertime so skis can be used to make data collection quicker.

Spring Semester 2010

Dean Poli
Madison River Fishing Access Lower Madison PDF , Black's Ford PDF , Cobblestone PDF , Grey Cliff PDF

I mapped fishing access sites on the lower Madison River in southwest Montana.  Blacks Ford receives the heaviest amount of use during the summer months and is prone to over accommodate floaters and fisherman alike.  The access sites were mapped and included parking locations, restroom availability, boat launches, and camping sites.  The goals of this project are to better inform the general public of the access to a highly private river.  There are few access points beneath Blacks Ford because of private land that backs right up to the river.  Each parking turn out was mapped that had access to the high waterline of the river.  The receive this data I traveled by car to each location and set the GPS receiver outside my car as I mapped the roads.  I received <1 m accuracy for the majority of my data which is what was needed to complete an accurate assessment of this report.  The most important features of these maps are the access locations, boat ramps, and camping availability.  The maps included contain information on each access site.  The general public will benefit from this the most as it shows where and where not certain activities are available to the public such as camping and boat ramps.

Tyson Berndt
Sunshine Ranch Sunshine Ranch PDF , Sunshine Ranch Debris PDF , Sunshine Ranch Utilities

The Sunshine Ranch property has been controlled by multiple owners for the past fifteen years. This land partnership was recently dissolved, which resulted in land exchanges and boundary alterations. In order to reach a fair agreement between the negotiating parties a clear and concise assessment of the land needed to be carried out. The purpose of this mapping project was twofold: to identify the current infrastructure within the property boundaries and to analyze the current state and condition of the previously separated tracts of land. This included mapping roads, trails, utilities, homes, structures, and debris piles. This information was collected using a GeoXH GPS receiver and then compiled into a series of reference maps using ArcMap 9.3 software. These maps could then be used by the owners for the mitigation and removal of debris as well as for future land planning. Overall, 65% of the data was accurate to within 30 centimeters, and the resulting 35% of the data was accurate to within 1 meter. These accuracies either met or exceeded the initial accuracy requirements.

Fall Semester 2009

Justin Vetch
Cok Ranch Cok Ranch PDF

The Cok ranch is mainly used for farming except a few areas that are unsuitable for farming due to steep slopes and draws. One area in particular, which is the targeted project area, will be a proposed custom built shooting range. The objective was to map out areas for an 800 and 600 yard target along with a shooting platform, with a desired accuracy of less than 2 meters. Additional features were collected with an overall accuracy of 99.9% of the data meeting the accuracy criteria. Results were overlain on top of an infrared image that contrasts quite easily the dry land cover of the shooting range from the surrounding green farmland. Continuation of mapping this ranch will allow for future planning and development of projects.

Schaun Lingohr
Ehlke Hereford Ranch Ehlke Hereford Ranch 1 PDF , Ehlke Hereford Ranch 2 PDF

The map is of the Ehlke Hereford Ranch east of Townsend, MT. The Ehlkes requested a map that was easy to read and use to give to hunters and for the Ehlkes to use. The map features includes fences, gates, water improvements, corrals, and buildings. A Trimble GeoXH receiver was used to collect all the features. The software programs Microsoft ActiveSync, Pathfinder Office, and ArcMap were used for processing the data. Mapping techniques of Pause/Resume, Continue Feature, and Offset were used during data collection. All the positions collected were within five meters. Gates were the most accurate feature and buildings were the least accurate. The map was intended for a reference map for hunters as well as the Ehlkes so accuracy within five meters of any of the features is acceptable. Overall, the map was a success. With this map, hunters will be able to easily locate their position on the ranch and prevent trespassing on neighboring property. The Ehlkes have a easy to read reference map they can use for anything that might come up.

Mike Randall and Micah Stonehocker
MSU Campus Tree Mapping MSU Campus Trees PDF

The purpose of this project was to construct an inventory map of existing vegetation by accurately plotting their location.  Over the past several years, more than 200 pine trees have been decimated by the pine beetle.  There is the need for readily available information on plants around campus.  This map will serve as a base template for future data updating to determine were the vegetation existed or vegetation that has been implemented.  The current attributes associated with each feature include common name, latin name, species, and height. These objectives were met by using a laser rangefinder with a hurricane antenna and attached to a GeoXH Reciever.  This allowed us to shoot positions using an offset method from a distance.  Over 97% of the positions recorded are within one meter accuracy.
This project will be passed along to future students and employees for further update.  This map could be an important asset to possible campus projects in assisting information regarding vegetation.  Future parties associated with this project could include attributes such as: price, condition, age, diameter at breast height, and diameter of crown. 

Michael Jensen
Off-Road Vehicle Trails in Hyalite ORV Hyalite PDF

In developing an idea for a project I decided to take the love for taking my Jeep off-road and the use of GPS to develop a more descriptive map of one of the areas to go in Hyalite Canyon.  Because Montana does not have any ORV maps that describe the different trails, it would be nice to start developing some of these maps and distributing them to the off-road community.  This may help in keeping people on the trails rather than having them go and make new trails, which is the main cause for the closure of many roads throughout Montana. To obtain the data I need to make a descriptive map of the trail system I used Trimble GeoXH GPS Receiver and an external antenna to attach to the roof of my Jeep.  I marked out the level of difficulty on all legal trails and other possible areas of interest.  The difficultly level can change depending on weather and time of season so drive with caution.  This will hopefully help to make everyone that uses the map enjoy a fun and safe experience. 

Michael Rice
Rice Brothers Farm Rice Brothers Farm PDF

The map portrayed depicts attributes and features that are to portray the spatial reference of those characters and to be used in future planning.  The goals of the map are to portray an image both digitally and hard copies accurately and correctly.  The map was created in ARC Map GIS with use of a Trimble GeoXH receiver. The data was analyzed through the efforts of Michael Rice.  Michael went out on several days collecting data and mapping the spatial references of his family’s farm.  Overall collected data quality is within estimated accuracies of fewer than two meters.  Background files where extracted off of the NRIS website and processed by Michael.  By mapping out the fence lines, fields, power poles and other objects in the fields and pastures, Michael and his father plan to use the data to assess and make future plans and better management practices.  In the future such data will be necessary to process information using precision agriculture.

Spring Semester 2009

Alex Schwab
Bridger Bowl Ridge Terrain Guide BB Ridge Terrain JPG

This project’s purpose is to create a guide to Bridger Bowl ridge terrain.  The goal was to map five chutes off of the ridge, chairlift locations, obstructions and the Deer Park Chalet.  Trimble mapping grade receivers were used to collect the data.  A patch antenna was hooked up to the receiver in order to map the chute features while skiing.  The resulting map contains all of the data collected with GPS and it’s projected onto a Google Earth representation of the Bridger Range.  The data quality was exceptional, mostly between 2-5 meter accuracy.  Some features were drawn in manually with ArcMap, including one chute and obstructions.  The objectives of this project have been completed.  Any outdoor enthusiast can bring the final map with he or she and they should be able to navigate around the ridge.

Glenn Owings
Western Ag Research Center, Corvallis, MT Corvallis Ag Exp PDF

Montana State University (MSU) Safety and Risk Management requires an address for each structure on MSU grounds for insurance purposes.  The Western Agricultural Research Center in Corvallis, MT did not have recorded addresses (in the form of NW building corner coordinates) for its structures.  The purpose of this project is to provide said coordinates, as well as a general reference map for public and institutional use. 
The Western Agricultural Research Center is comprised of a 30 acre parcel and associated buildings and plant test plots.  The area was mapped using a Trimble GeoXT receiver (accuracy:  sub-meter +1ppm RMS after differential correction) and the map itself was produced using ArcEditor software. Features collected include building corners, test plots, parking lots, and roads.  The mapping was conducted with an accuracy goal of <1m.  Results show that 94.1% of the data was under 2m, with only 45.8% of the data under 1m.  Despite reduced accuracy compared to the expected parameters, the map meets its proposed goals.

Emily Danich
Knudson Property Knudson Property PDF

The purpose of this project was to accurately map the size property of D’Ann Knudson including all of the property features before the co-owner, Steve Smith, sells the property.  The property features that were mapped are: the property limits, property dividing line, septic tank, water pump, house and decks, driveway, sheds, and stream.  A Trimble GeoXT Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver was used to map the property.    There was excellent satellite availability on the property, and no obstructions were found. The goal is to document the specific physical features such as the property limits, property dividing line, septic tank, water pump, house and decks, driveway, sheds, and stream; in order to create documentation of property boundaries.   Data processing was done on the data to do differential correction, edit the features, and make a final map.  A metadata file was created for the most important property feature, the property limits.  The results of the final map were very good; the overall estimated horizontal accuracy of the map is 5 meters.  All of the planed features were mapped, and all of the objectives were met.  Mrs. Knudson will use this map to locate key features on her property.

Scott Pulfer
Land Evaluation
Land Evaluation PDF

Plains, MT is a small town in the western portion of the state. My goal was to map several parcels of bare land located within an 8 mile radius of town.  The purpose of these maps is for reference and evaluation to aid in decision making for a potential land purchase. The objective was to map property boundaries, access roads, and major features located on the parcels. A Trimble GeoXT receiver was used to collect data and the accuracy needed for this project is only 2-5 meters to provide spatial relationships between features. Basic data collection techniques such as offsets, pause/resume, and some line segmenting were used. Overall, 99.2% of the data fell within the desired accuracy range or better and the information obtained is very useful. The final map provides a great piece of reference material displaying four parcels of land in three different areas. This map will be used primarily for personal needs and will be shared with anyone who is interested.

Fall Semester 2008

Samantha Castleberry
Bar R Performance Horses Ranch

The Bar R Performance Horses Ranch needs to be able to use 9.58 acres in the best possible way that they can.  They run on average about 20 to 25 horses at any given time of the year.  In the early spring, new horses are born even giving less space to the horses already on the property.  Misty and Mark train these horses and also lease boarding in exchange for work.  For this mapping project sub-meter is needed to give the most accurate acreage for the owners.  The Trimble Geo XT GPS receiver will be used to map this project.  Results were not as good as expected but I had to use a higher PDOP and that may have had some effect.  Sub-meter accuracy was gained for 66.20% of the project. Stocking rates will have to be calculated in the spring when vegetation production is high.  This will allow the Radues to get full potential out of the grass lots and therefore they wouldn’t have to feed as much hay in the spring and summer months. 

Shannon Jones and Hank Pieper
Beartooth Acres
Beartooth Acres PDF

Beartooth Acres Ranch is a piece of property that is located 30 miles east of Cooke City, Montana. Our goal was to create an accurate map of the boundaries, buildings, creeks, and fence lines of the Beartooth Acres Ranch. The use of the Trimble GeoXT receiver was the primary piece of equipment used for mapping. Field reconnaissance was performed to take note of any problems or obstacles we might encounter during mapping. A data dictionary was created that included features such as: property line, fence lines, roads, creeks, corrals, bridges, buildings, and gates. Techniques used during data collection included averaged vertices, velocity filtering, nesting and area offset. After the data was collected, it was transferred to the computer where it could be further modified. GPS Pathfinder Office software was used to differentially correct the data and export it for use in ArcMap software. Our objective for this project was to create a final map with 5m accuracy or better, 95% of our data met that requirement. Our most important features of the map: the property line, creek and road had an accuracy of 3m or better. The map that was created should only be used for personal use.

Greg Reed
Bozeman Trails Within Twenty Minutes of Campus Bozeman Trails PDF

The goal of this project was to create a user friendly map of the Bozeman area that detailed the various trails in and around the city. The project hoped to serve as a way to inform people about the places for outdoor recreation near the city so they could have a quick reference on where to go when they did not have a lot of time. The map was created by using a Global Positioning Receiver (GPS) to collect trail and trailhead data. This data was then combined with existing Geographic Information System (GIS) layers to create a readable and informative map. Special care was also taken care and techniques were used to make sure the map was accurate. Overall, the results were met. The data quality was all sub five meter. The map produced had a wealth of information and could easily be used. With that said some improvements could made if the map were produced at a larger scale to include additional information, such as driving directions and more specific details about the trails.

Steven Smith and Sarah Thompson
MSU Campus Trees CampusTrees1 PDF , CampusTrees2 PDF

Montana State University has undergone many changes in the recent years.  New buildings have been constructed and existing buildings have been modified.  These construction projects have altered the tree landscaping and sidewalks of campus.  These trees are used as training aids for a variety of plant identification and the sidewalks are used for access.  The purpose of the project is to update and correct the identification and location of the campus trees, map the new trees, and update the sidewalk information for a specific area of Montana State University.  Geo XT GPS receivers were used to document tree and sidewalk locations.  All previously mapped trees were verified for location and species, landscape and greenspace features were logged. New trees were identified and mapped.  All features were calculated to at least 5m accuracy.  This information serves as a template for future tree mapping projects on Montana State University.

Dylan Gibby
Crazy G Ranch
Crazy G 1 PDF , Crazy G 2 PDF , Crazy G 3 PDF

The main purpose of this project was to collect data pertaining to the location and condition of the fences and irrigation on the Crazy G Ranch which is located 12 miles north of Big Timber, Montana in Sweet Grass County.  Other main features of the ranch, including roads and buildings were mapped as well.  This information was used to make a series of maps.  Ranch features were mapped using a Trimble GeoXT receiver while on foot and using a 4-wheeler.  The data quality of the project as a whole was 5 meters due to the background image used.  This was not within the range of the initial desired accuracy of 2-3 meters.  As the main concern was to record the condition of the fences and ditches the project was still successful.  The maps showing the condition of the fences and ditches are to be used by the property manager to help prioritize maintenance projects and orient potential subcontractors.  A general reference map that was produced is to be used by the property owners to help orient guests and visitors to the ranch layout.

Hunter Cook
Emergency Evacuation Route Planning
Evacuation Routes PDF

The Emergency Evacuation system of Bozeman, Montana is the topic of this GPS mapping project. Although there are assigned Snow Evacuation Routes within the city to my knowledge there is no comprehensive plan to evacuate this community’s residents during an emergency event. Most other cities especially in the hurricane stricken Gulf coast have plans already set in place and they have proven if given enough notice they work very efficiently. These plans are very important and can’t be executed without the help of civil authorities.The project objectives were to identify the major potential evacuation routes out of Bozeman by way of Interstate 90 to safer locations. Also, by identifying the locations of civil authorities and gas stations we can predict the pattern people will attempt to leave the city. Data collection was accomplished by moving along the specified routes with the receiver in the car and utilizing external antennae to map while driving. All the mapping was done from the vehicle during the later hours to increase safety and efficiency of the process. With this data that has been collected it can be concluded that Bozeman has no easy answer for the emergency evacuation problem, but the sheer low number  of people in the city will allow somewhat smooth exit in the case of a real disaster.

Roger Fithian
John and Kate Hudson Conservation Property
Hudson Conservation PDF

The problem this project faced was to create a map of the potential Hudson Conservation Property. The objective is that this map will assist the current owners create a conservation easement on their property, so that the Hudson property will never be further developed by any new owners. Because of the Hudson’s appreciation for wildlife, an emphasis was placed on mapping the wildlife aspects of the Hudson property. Special features that were mapped were: Wildlife corridors, wildlife food plots and vegetation zones.  Project objectives were met in all aspects. This map was created using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) technology. The accuracy objective of sub-meter mapping accuracy was achieved on 79% of the data used to create the map. The remaining data was within 1-2 meter accuracy. The map created by this project will be a very useful tool in obtaining a conservation easement on the property. data was within 1-2 meter accuracy.

Chad Larson
Larson Homestead Farms
Larson Homestead 1 JPEG , Larson Homestead 2 JPEG

Abstract not available

Jerry Collins
Lone Cabin Coulee
Lone Cabin Coulee PDF

The objective of this project was to create a map that was accurate within one meter.  This objective was met.  The majority of the data that was collected is accurate within a meter but some of the data is accurate within one to two meters.  The data was collected on two different occasions.  One of these times the satellite geometry was terrible.  That would account for the poor accuracy during one session. Most of the data was collected using an offset technique and my pickup.  I used an external antenna as well.  The places that were inaccessible to pickup travel were mapped using a four-wheeler as well as walking.  The receiver’s default settings were used because of the lack of obstructions. The final map shows the perimeter fence in a dark black and the other fences in a thinner line of black.  The canals, ditches and the stream are all mapped in blue. The gates are represented with a single green dot and the grain bins are yellow.  The water underpass is red and the wells are represented as a blue W with a yellow ring around it. 

Jessica Ahlstrom
Land Use Surrounding Mandeville Creek on the MSU Campus
Mandeville Creek PDF

Mandeville Creek is a spring fed creek that runs through the Montana State University campus where it collects urban runoff, impairing the creek water quality.  The overall goal of this project is to map areas of the MSU campus which divert storm water runoff into the creek.  The objective of this project is to produce a map of the land use on the MSU campus surrounding Mandeville Creek to aid in decisions regarding creek management when efforts are being made to mitigate the effects of storm runoff.  Parking lots, storm culverts, and a stream emergence which divert water into the creek were mapped as features with surface type as the important attribute value (parking lots).  These features were differentially corrected using Pathfinder Office version 4.10, and exported into ArcMap version 9.2 to create a final map.  The desired overall accuracy for this project of 5m was met.  The functional objective of producing a map of the land use on the MSU campus surrounding Mandeville Creek was also met.  This map will provide a better understanding of the land use surrounding Mandeville Creek, and will be a tool in future management decisions regarding how to mitigate the effects of storm water runoff on Mandeville Creek water quality.  

Chris Anderson
Thomas Herefords
Thomas Herefords PDF

My project was to map Thomas Herefords in Gold Creek, MT. I wanted to map the ranch for future and current projects with submeter accuracy. I use the Trimble GeoXT receiver, a Yamaha Rhino, and my own two legs to map the 800+ acre ranch. The major features that I wanted to map was Gold Creek itself that runs through the middle of the ranch, all of the major pastures, the old ditches, all of the new irrigation equipment, and the buildings. After differential correction 91.1% of all of the data mapped achieved submeter accuracy. My maximum PDOP was never over 8 and my average over horizontal precision was .65 meters. I felt the objectives were well met and that is data will be very useful in helping with the planning and progress of Thomas Herefords into the future.

Jessica Heptner
Towne Farm Drainage System
Towne Farm PDF

Montana State Agriculture Research Center, also known as the Towne Farm, has current drainage problems in the cattle research feedlots. Systems are old, inefficient, and causing animal husbandry concerns. The farm was mapped using GPS and GIS technology to examine areas of concern and to re-evaluate the drainage system.  It was found that current drainage is non-efficient due to years of wear on the facilities and lack of year to year maintenance on ditches and feedlots.  New gutter systems will be installed along all facilities in feedlots. A wick drainage system, currently installed in one feedlot, will be implemented in all remaining feedlots.  A feedlot that contains an integrated pasture requires a new ditch to remove water.  The Montana Beef Network is currently working on getting gutters installed in late January of 2009.

Thomas Wilson and Jeff Noe
Whitewater on the Gallatin River
Whitewater PDF

The following maps compile information necessary to make informed decisions when recreating along the Gallatin River. Our focus area is the Gallatin Canyon located 25 miles south of Bozeman along Highway 191. This map shows important features along the way, where to park, and access points used to deploy kayaks or rafts. The project report includes information on the materials and methods used to collect data consisting of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, manual collection of data, and various software programs. The results of our data are discussed and represented in a number of tables and charts.The data quality of this project was higher than expected as our satellite availability was much better than we had anticipated.  Over seventy percent of our data was collected at meter accuracy, which greatly exceeded our initial expectations. Kayak enthusiasts, rafting companies such as Montana Whitewater, and other outdoor recreation parties will find this new information useful when planning their whitewater experience. The U.S. Forest Service may also use this information to properly identify whitewater areas of the river and inform new users of the area about proper precautions needed when on the river. 

Spring Semester 2008

Krista Currer and Shawna Raden
An Historical Tour of Central Montana Using GPS Historical Tour PDF

Abstract not available

David Garfield
Fishing Access In Montana: A Bone of Contention Fishing Access PDF

Abstract not available

Patrick Joyce
Upper Madison Recreation Areas Upper Madison Recreation Areas PDF

Abstract not available

Linnaea Jurich
Kalispell Northwest Ag Research Station Kalispell PDF

Abstract not available

John Pachl
Parking Lots on the Madison River Madison River Parking PDF

Abstract not available

Meaghan Huffman and Kyle Richert
Richert Homestead RichertHomestead PDF

Abstract not available

Sarah Senecal
Boundaries and Waterways of the K2 Ranch K2 Ranch PDF

Abstract not available

Fall Semester 2007

Elle Andersen
Rockin' AB Property Layout Rockin' AB PDF

The objective of this project was to create a map providing a detailed description of the fence lines, corrals, ditches, barns, outbuildings, fruit trees, and house on the Rockin’ AB, in the Mission valley, a property owned by Art and Boots Andersen. The estate is split into several horse pastures with one house and several barns and outbuildings. Prior to this map, there were no outlines of the pastures indicating size, location of buildings, fence lines, corrals, ditches, etc.  Grazing rotation, stocking estimates, and fertilizer and herbicide application ratios could be improved by having an exact acreage figure for each pasture, so this map was created using a GeoXT GPS receiver. This map is a management tool to assist the owners in ranch decisions and as an asset in the future by providing a visual layout of property attributes should they decide to sell all or part of the property.  A DOQQ background map was added to orient the viewer and add esthetic value.  The final map exceeded accuracy requirements of 1-2 meters, and is a valuable resource for the owners. 

Matt Baker & Chris Emerson
Fairweather Fishing Access Fairweather PDF

The Fairweather fishing access is located along the Missouri River 16 miles north of Logan Montana. The goal of this project was to create a map to help hunters using the site to hunt in a safer manner, as well as to help people find areas where they can typically be successful when hunting. The main focus of the map were the features where people can typically be found. These features include the boat ramp, hunting points, and the roads throughout the site. For collecting data, a Trimble Geo XT GPS receiver capable of sub-meter accuracy was used. Using Pathfinder Office software, a data dictionary was created to help to organize the collected data. The accuracy goal of the project was for all collected data to be accurate to five meters; this was achieved in 99.82% of the collected data, after differential correction.  The intended end users of this map are people who hunt the site on a regular basis, and want to hunt in a safe environment.

Patrick Tenney and Nathan Eylands
Olson Creek Mountain Bike Trail
Olson Creek PDF

Mountain bike trails are common in the Bangtail Mountains of Montana; but mountain bike trail maps are not. We set out to make a tangible trail map for Olson Creek trail in the Bangtail Mountains outside Bozeman Montana. Our goals were to navigate and GPS map Olson Creek trail to make a readable map with ArcGIS 9.2 software. Olson Creek Trail is 13 miles Northeast of Bozeman Montana and we used GOExt GPS receivers and downhill mountain bikes in order to accurately map the bike trail. Survey grade accuracy was not necessary with the style of map we created. Our major accuracy factors were trees, satellite availability, and mountain side slopes blocking the satellite signal.  The end result of our work was a map made in ArcMap that showed the lines, points, and area features of the trail.  The map was laid on a black and white aerial image (DOQ) of the area.  The data quality was more accurate than we expected with over 85% of our positions being sub meter in accuracy. Objectives were met and the map that we created can be used by any mountain bike rider that wishes to have knowledge of the trail before it is ridden. We hope that one day our map can be included in a mountain bike trail book of Montana.

Dusty Crowe and Jon Lamson
Gaffke Ranch Irrigation
Gaffke Ranch PDF

The purpose of this project was to successfully map the Gaffke ranch. The majority of this is irrigated; but the whole ranch has potential to be irrigated. This project emphasized location of water sources and fields to aid in irrigation management for the ranch. Using GPS we mapped the ranch and other important features to assist the ranch manager with irrigation issues. This process was successful and yielded a high quality map, and data that will be used for management decisions.

Dan Kettman
Kettman Property
Kettman Property PDF , Kettman Fence Plan PDF , Kettman Fence Future PDF

The Kettman Property Mapping Project was conducted by Dan Kettman, a student at Montana State University. The purpose of the project was to accurately map the Kettman property in order to plan projects in the future. A perimeter fence needs to be created to keep free-range cattle off the property, one map did exist but its insufficient quality and detail make it almost useless. The primary objective was to use the created maps to plan a fence construction project. To achieve the objective the entire property will be mapped using a GPS receiver and then maps will be created using ArcGIS.  The features that will be mapped are the boundaries, fence lines and various other features, which can be used by the Kettman family to complete the partially finished fence perimeter fence, and perhaps plan future projects. The data should have 1-2 meter accuracy in order for the maps to be accurate enough to plan the fencing project. The data quality table shows that 89% of the data was sub-meter; so the accuracy standards have been met. Also, the measurement tool in ArcGIS was used to measure the amount of fence needed to complete the project.

Mikael McCaughey
Aiding the Real Estate Market Through GPS
Real Estate PDF

The main objective of this project was to conduct a mapping exercise of a ten acre homestead to determine whether or not the GPS mapping of larger properties would be beneficial to the real estate market. The goals of this project were to 1.) create a map of the test site located in Manhattan, Montana in order to show the features of the property and their spatial relation to one another and 2.) preserve at least 1 to 2 meter accuracy for the recorded GPS positions. The project followed all of the standard GPS mapping processes including field reconnaissance, construction a data dictionary for features in the project area, mapping of features using the Trimble GeoXT receiver, differential correction to account for the multiple sources of GPS error, exporting .ssf files into shapefiles for use in ArcMap and finally the creation of the final map. The goals of the project were successfully met. The final map presents a very clear picture of the features on the property and their relationship to one another and 99.3% of the positions were accurate to 2 meters or less, sufficiently meeting the accuracy goal. Based on the success of this project, it is possible to envision maps created using the Global Positioning System could become a mainstay in the real estate industry in the near future.  

Michael McDonald
McDonald Ranch
McDonald Ranch JPEG

On Sunday November 25, I went up to my parents for thanksgiving weekend and do my mapping project. My goal was to create a detailed map of the ranch that showed many different features. The way that I went about accomplishing this task is I created a data dictionary on my laptop and down loaded it to a receiver. Once the data dictionary was loaded onto the receiver I went and mapped the features. These features included our driveway coming into our house, some of our fences, our working facilities that we use to work the cows, which would be the corrals, the windbreak behind our house, and the hay stacks. To collect all this data it took 3 to 4 hours. Once this data was collected I came back and saved it on the laptop so I could make a map on the ArcMap software. Once I was finished I had a fairly detailed map of our ranch. I was fairly satisfied with my results. Most of my data fell within the .5 to 2 meter range which was standard and very close to everyone elses data collected. The thing that I didn’t get accomplished is that our place is to big I was not able to map everything. I ran out of time and wished I could have mapped the roads to and our other piece of ground.

Stephanie Parker
Residence Life
Residence Life PDF

The ResLife Mapping Project was produced for Residence Life at Montana State University. The goal of the map was to inform students, parents, and Residence Life personal of the features that may effect a student’s decision on where to live. The objective of the map was to create a visual interactive webpage map that would link a student to a specific residence hall. Features presented are residence halls, dinning halls, gyms, E student parking, outdoor recreation, and the SUB building. A Global Positioning System (GPS) was used to map each of these features. Methods that were used were offset points corners, and averaged vertices for parking lots and recreation. All 481 positions were differentially corrected. 97% of the positions were accurate to less than 2 meters. The map accuracy was 0 to 5 meters with the least accurate layer in the map being the building point layer. The objective of the map was met both in accuracy and purpose.  The applications of the project was a webpage that will be interactive for future students, current students, parents, and Residence Life personal for information regarding important features outside of the residence halls that might effect a residence hall living decision.

Phil Reierson
Reierson's Irrigated Farm
Reierson PDF

The purpose of this project was to create a detailed map of the 60 acre irrigated farm owned by my parents that could be used for management purposes. The map will include roads, ditches, culverts, field breaks, head gates, trees and tree groves, fences, and a garden. The desired accuracy of all features is  <5m. The mapping methods used will be regular mapping techniques with offset mapping used for trees, fences, and ditches. All of the data fell within the required accuracy, with 92.4 % falling in the sub-meter accuracy range. The ditches, culverts, and the head gate all had sub-meter accuracy and those were the most important features. The overall accuracy of the final map fell below the 5m desired accuracy. The objective of the project was met, the map was created and accuracy was better than expected. This map will be put to good use by my mother and father in the day to day farming operations on this property.

Spring Semester 2007

Matthew Hall
Hall Ranch
Hall Ranch PDF

The goal of the project was to map features on the hall ranch, those features included the irrigation system, streams, buildings, fence lines and gates. This was done to provide a base line for ranch managers who are looking to maximize production of crops and grazing. This base line will give them the number of acres in each field to help calculate production of that piece of land.  To produce the maps a Trimble Geo XT GPS receiver was used to record data. Before mapping was done the setting was customized to the area and the satellites available.  A data dictionary was also developed and transferred to the GPS. Mapping of the ranch could then be done. Once the mapping was complete differential correction and editing of the data took place and maps could then be created from the data in Arcmap. The data quality report shows all features being greater than two meters of accuracy. The lowest accuracy were point features with an accuracy of 1.628 meters. This will produce a very accurate and detailed map, 49.9% of the data is in .5-1m accuracy and 43.1% of the data is in the 1-2m accuracy range.  The objectives of the mapping were successfully met.

Lance Downing
Gallatin River Recreation - Greek Creek Campground
Gallatin River Recreation JPG

This project is intended to show and explain (selected places) areas where one can access the Gallatin River. The main features are the parking spots along the river. These include turnouts, trailheads, campgrounds and other designated parking places from which one can access the river. There is a total 41 places which have been mapped. Each parking spot includes a mapped route to the river (unless the parking spot is right on the river), restrooms, trailheads, information signs, and campsites when applicable. The final product includes a small scale map which shows the entire study area from Four Corners to Big Sky with parking spots, bridges turnouts, campgrounds, and Trailheads. There are six larger scale maps which show four major access points and two campgrounds. The collected features are accurate to with 7 meters. The collected features are large, (except signs) and 7 meter accuracy is within the project objectives, except for small features. This project and series of maps is intended for anyone who wants to enjoy the Gallatin River and immediate areas, such as campgrounds and hiking trails.

Nick Hoffman
Lower Parcel of Raspberry Butte
Hoffman Soils JPG , Hoffman Ranch JPG

The main features relating to animal use and distribution on the Raspberry Butte Ranch, a 1,560 acre ranch located in Sweet Grass County Montana, was mapped by foot and vehicle using a Trimble GeoXT GPS receiver. The position of each feature collected was accurate within 5 meters and the data was used to quantify the total grazing areas on the ranch allowing for interpretation of the overall productivity of the landscape by combining soils maps and aerial photographs in a GIS environment thus, meeting the objectives of the project. The information will be used by Debbie Nacarto and Jerry Taylor to develop a system to sustain their stock animals while maintaining a productive and sustainable rangeland.

Matt Ladvala
Hollenbeck Draw ATV Trail System
Hollenbeck Draw PDF

The Goal of this project was to create an accurate (<10m) map of the Hollenbeck Draw, ATV trail system.  This map was created for use by other ATV riders.  The features were mapped using a mapping grade global positioning system (GPS) receiver and an ATV to get around the project area.  The data was then transferred to a computer where it was processed and edited.  The map was then created in a geographic information system (GIS) environment.  The map show trails based on their difficulty, as well as roads and other features of interest.  The data quality of the project easily exceeded the required accuracy with all of the data having greater than 5m accuracy.  This map will likely be used by other ATV riders and hopefully inspire others to create maps of their favorite trail systems.

Justin Rettenmayer and Dallas Timms
 Pipestone/Whitetail Travel Management Area Trails
Pipestone JPG

The goal of this project was to create a detailed, accurate, and useable map of various trails at the Pipestone/Whitetail Travel Management Area (TMA). The map is to be used as a general guide to highlight the trails best suited to mountain biking there, but it does not include every trail in the area.  The trails shown are the culmination of many trips to Whitetail/Pipestone TMA, and in the opinion of the authors, these are the best trails to mountain bike on.  The map also shows the location of trailheads, parking areas, facilities such as outhouses, and other features that would be useful to mountain bikers.To map Whitetail/Pipestone TMA, a global positioning system (GPS) was used to collect data on these features.   To produce an accurate map, total map accuracy was limited to 20 meters or less, and 5 meters or less for trails and trailheads.  The bulk of the data collected (99.9%) met this goal, however, not all data collected was used for the final map.  After review of project objectives, many features originally identified during field reconnaissance and included in the data dictionary were omitted.  All features included on the map are accurate to less than 5 meters.  Data were processed using GPS data editing and GIS mapping software, and the map included with this report is the result.  Getting this map into the hands of enthusiastic mountain bikers is the ultimate goal and driving purpose for creating it.  We expect to produce copies of the map to give to local bike shops and to friends looking for new trails to explore.  It will be especially important to cyclists looking for a place to ride in winter months.  That is because while the local trails around Bozeman are snow covered, the trails at the Whitetail/Pipestone TMA, located in the rain shadow of the Continental Divide, are generally dry year-round.

Fall Semester 2005

Ryan Melin
Melin Ranch Melin Ranch PDF

The Melin Ranch is a family owned cattle ranch that lies on the banks of the Tongue River in southeastern Montana.  This map depicts all of the important features on the ranch that would be useful in developing management strategies for the future of this ranch.

Tiffany White Clay
Beaver Dam Assessment Little Owl PDF

Beaver dams have been a problem on the Little Owl Creek. Beaver dam data has been collected. Each dam was about 5-10 feet in width.

Steve Jay
Solfatara Thermal Areas
Solfatara PDF

This dataset is of the two thermal areas near the Solfatara trail in Yellowstone National Park. Data were collected to assist in the Thermal Biology Institute's outreach program. The data will be used to help with safety while traveling in this thermal area.

Karly Krausz
Huntington Ranch
Huntington PDF

The objective of this project is to map significant features that can be found on the Huntington Ranch.  Included are detailed maps that can be used when the landowner’s implement projects or explain tasks that need to be done when contractors or technicians are hired to do work.  The maps include property boundaries, fences, roads, wells, buildings, gates, cattle structures and miscellaneous areas to name a few.

Brad Legge
MSU Folf Course

Data contains pathways for each hole of a frisbee golf course on the Montana State University campus.  Data also contains tee boxes, targets, significant roads, and creeks. The purpose of this dataset is to organize the holes and provide context as to where to start throwing and what to aim at.

Spring Semester 2005

Sarah Dawe
Dawe Property Mapping Project
Dawe PDF

The Dawe Property (located 10 miles north of Big Timber, Mt on Highway 191) was mapped by Sarah Dawe. Acreages were calculated using data collected from the project. Acreages will be used by landowners when planning pasture improvement projects.

Jim Conner and Shane Conner
Analysis of Distribution of Norther Pocket Gopher Mounds in Relation to Edge Type and Location
Conner PDF

Northern pocket gophers are a nuisance to landowners that harvest agricultural crops, especially alfalfa (Burt & Grossenheider 1980). We designed a GPS mapping project that documented the distribution of northern pocket gopher mounds on Dan and Cindy Conner's property in Northwest Montana. The project was designed to provide insight to the landowners as to the feasibility of a removal effort.

Chad Fink & Isaac Anderson
Kurk Ranch, Bozeman MT
Kurk Ranch PDF

Our mapping project is located approximately three miles east of Bozeman. The ranch lies approximately one mile south of I-90 between the Bear Canyon exit and Main Street exit. The final mapping project of the Kurk Ranch, Bozeman MT includes: Pastures, water sources, creek, corrals, and buildings. The purpose of this project was to calculate the number of acres between two pastures and to assist in the management of grazing and fertilizer practices.

Autumn Garner, Carli Lofing and Nate Lofing
An Assessment of Willow Creek on Hougland’s Ranch
Willow Creek Base GIF , Willow Creek Original GIF , Willow Creek Proposed GIF

About one quarter of a mile south of Willow Creek, Montana, is a small ranch, about ninety acres, owned and operated by Skip Hougland. The ranch is home to nearly eighty head of pure-bred Scottish Highland cattle, numerous turkeys, dogs and cats, three geese and six horses. Willow Creek runs through a small portion of the property, year round, and is used in conjunction with man-made flood irrigation ditches to provide ninety to one hundred percent of the ranch's water supply. During fall of 2004, evaluation of various grazing rotation methods was conducted that may increase production for the ranch while maintaining or improving the condition of the range. The specific goals were to determine the effectiveness of existing practices and make recommendations. During pasture condition sampling, alterations of several areas of the creek were noted. The Natural Resource Conservation Service, (NRCS) in Bozeman was contacted agreed to help the Houglands develop areas on or near the creek to better maintain its riparian properties. Additional areas of concern, weed stands or severe erosion, which may indicate possible overgrazing issues were discussed. This project is an extension of the 2004 effort and provides a more detailed assessment of the creek that may benefit from further study, and provides possible solutions such as altered fence design or stream bank sloping. Both the Houglands and the NRCS will benefit from this project, as well as downstream users of Willow Creek.

Alison Smyrk
Yellowstone Trail Subdivision
Yellowstone Trail PDF

This map was created for the Park County Department of GIS. It was intended to show the major features of lower half of the proposed Yellowstone Trail subdivision near Pray, MT. Its main use will be for emergency personnel attempting to navigate the new subdivision, but it is also accessible to property owners, realtors, the developer of the subdivision, and anyone else who is interested in the area.

Cassie Smieja and Chris Roberts
Foster Creek Ranch
Foster Creek PDF

The Foster Creek Ranch is located 10 miles north of Belgrade, MT. It is home to acres and acres of wheat, barley, and oats. Also redsiding there is a herd of Red Angus cattle. The purpose of this project was to determine the locations of buildings and fields surrounding the homesite. This project wanted to determine the feasability of adding new buildings and improving the overall safety of the ranch.

Vanessa Norman and Selita Ammondt
B Bar Land and Livestock B-Bar Ranch PDF

B-Bar Land and Livestock in Big Timber, MT, is the breeding grounds for an endangered species of cattle, the Ancient White Park. When Wes Henthorne, the owner, started cattle breeding in 1989, he only had 18 head. The number today has risen to over 150 head of cattle, which allows him to sell some on the open market. The purpose of our project was to map Mr. Henthorne’s ranch, paying special attention to the condition of the fences for their future restoration. Wes will use this project as a reference for renovating and remodeling his property, especially the cattle corrals. In addition to the fences, we mapped trees, gates, water tanks, roads, and numerous buildings around the premise.

Glenn Stewart and Scott Milburn
MSU Research Park Research Park PDF

Our mapping project lies about one mile west of the Bozeman MSU campus on the corner of 19th and College Street. The final map includes a small creek, power lines, irrigation ditches, and fences. The purpose of this project was to provide information for future development.

Joe Nowakowski and Mark Eney
North Forty Ranch North Forty PDF

The North Forty Ranch in Big Sky Montana was mapped using Trimble GeoXT receivers in the Spring of of 2005. Sub-meter accuracy was acheived after differential correction to map all relevant features of the ranch.

Eric Gardner and Nate Fairbanks
BS&F Farms BF&S Farms PDF

Abstract not available

Fall Semester 2004

Dan Bergstrom
Ubet Ranch
Ubet Ranch PDF

The Ubet Ranch is owned by David Bradley and has been leased by James Bergstrom for the past ten years. The ranch is located in central Montana, 36 miles south west of Lewistown. The purpose of this project was to map the Big Coulee pasture. Data that is gained from this project will be used in making decisions that affect the how the Big Coulee Pasture is managed. After analyzing the data in ArcMap, the management concerns proved to be not as significant of a problem as previously thought. The data does show that the native range has been utilized more heavily than the other areas of the pasture.

Zack Tripp
Revenue Flats Campsite Evaluation Revenue Flats JPG

Campsite conditions and evaluation for the Revenue Flats area near Norris, MT. Each site was given a rating of poor, moderate, or good depending on the degree of use and degredation. The area is heavily used, but there is no current campsite or management plan in place. This map may help the BLM better manage the area in the future.

Tom Schemm
Beaver Expatriation: Change in Riparian Habitat Over Time SiteOverview.PDF Dam Beaver Project PDF

The purpose of this project is to assess the time and resources needed to document the change in area of beaver created riparian zone over time using GIS. The GPS mapping component fulfills the requirements of the GPS Fundamentals and Mapping Application class project, and provides a means of testing the ability to discern habitat type at differing resolutions of scanned aerial photos. The importance of this project lies in the role active beaver colonies play in both creating riparian habitat and their ability to hold water on the landscape and raise local water tables. The end result will hopefully be a grant to fund a similar project over several hundred eight code HUCs across Montana in order to assess beaver population dynamics over time.

Sabine Mellmann-Brown
Noxious Weeds on Private and Public Lands - Beartooth Cooperative Weed Management Area, Cooke City, MT
Reference Map PDF , CC Weeds1 PDF , CC Weeds2.PDF , CC Weeds3 PDF

The Beartooth Cooperative Weed Management Area (Beartooth CWMA) comprises the upper Soda Butte and Clarks Fork Watersheds, and covers an estimated 600 square kilometers (~150,000 acres) of public and private lands. During the summer and fall of 2004, areas near
roadways, residences or other human disturbances were surveyed for noxious weed infestations. The lower section, from the Yellowstone National Park boundary to Cooke City, was mapped with a Trimble Geo XT GPS receiver with an accuracy < 1 meter. The upper section includes Cooke City and extends to the Montana / Wyoming Stateline to the east. This area was mapped with a recreational grade GPS receiver (Pharos), achieving an accuracy of 10-15 meters.

A total of eight noxious weed species listed by the state of Montana were located in the valley, covering an estimated 54,386 square meters. The most abundant weed species were oxeye daisy, Canada thistle and houndstongue. Infestations were mapped as 108 separate
points, areas and lines. The vast majority of weed infestations (93%) occurred on private land. These results document the urgency of public education and the need for support by the Beartooth CWMA.

Spring Semester 2004

Brian Thrift and Chris Wood
Fergus Triangle Allotment
Fergus1 PDF , Fergus 2 PDF

The Fergus Triangle Allotment was mapped in March 2004, two years after a prescribed fire that was conducted in May 2002. The 1100-acre fire burned at various intensities, and created a mosaic of unburned, scorched, and heavily burned landscape. Researchers from Montana State University are currently conducting a long term monitoring program that investigates the prescribed burn’s effect on deer and elk use of the area. While total burned and unburned area was known, the amount of scorched and heavily burned landscape within the burned areas was not known. Heavily burned landscapes, transect locations, watering areas, and weather stations were mapped. If the habitat-use study indicates that the mosaic created by the prescribed burn improves wildlife habitat, land managers will be able to use these data to plan and conduct future prescribed fires in the Missouri Breaks.

Tim English and Jesse Simonson
KV Ranch
KV Ranch PDF

The KV Ranch is an approximately 2700 acre parcel located in the NE and NW quadrants of the Manhattan SW Quadrangle. It is owned by Mr. Kim Kelsey and has been used as a winter pasture for the Nine Quarter Circle Ranch’s herd of Appaloosa. A number of fields are leased out as croplands and several gravel mines exist on the parcel. The intent of the KV Ranch mapping project was to develop a base resource map to aid Mr. Jake Powell in the development of a grazing plan for the ranch. The attached map illustrates resource features mapped February 22, February 29 and March 5 of 2004 by Tim English and Jesse Simonson.

Zac Felkey
Steingruber Ranch Steingruber PDF

Abstract not available.

Seth Hendrix
Kirk Hill Trail System Kirk Hill PDF

A map of the Kirk Hill Trail system south of Bozeman, Montana was made using a GeoXT Trimble GPS receiver capable of submeter accuracy after differential correction. Main features captured in map includes: Trails, roads, benches, bridges, overlooks, and plant identification signs. Hikers and nature lovers can view the kinds of flora that inhabit Southwest Montana and see what twenty plants look like while learning their names.

Fall Semester 2003

Brad Stein, Kellee Anderson, Megan Lee
Campus Water Shutoff Valves MSU Valves 1 PDF , MSU Valves 2 PDF

The Montana State Facility services requested all water main shutoff valves to be mapped for ease of location during winter months. In fall of 2003, these valves were mapped using a Trimble GPS receiver. The Geo XT receiver is capable of submeter accuracy after differential correction.

Chris Boe
Right-of-way Management of Noxious Weeds Right-of-Way Weeds PDF

This project is for management purposes of mapping and compiling data in the fight against noxious weeds. Roadsides are a main corridor for the spread of unwanted vegetation species. These species negatively impact our native plants and crops. Mapping and compiling data of weed infestations will help weed control technicians and landowners in the fight against noxious weeds.

Jonathan Haynie
Frank Nerud Section Frank Nerud Section PDF

The section of land mapped is called the Frank Nerud Section. It was mapped during the fall of 2003 using the GeoXT receiver which is capable of submeter accuracy. Another portion of land was mapped at the same time, with the intent of possibly selling it to a bird dog trainer.

The purpose of this dataset is to provide the owner with an accurate representation of the feature boundries and other features. Other features of the area will also be presented to help with the management of the land. In addition, acreage will be calculated for the land that might be up for sale in order to give a pretty good estimate of how much land there is available.

Kyle Butcher
Butcher Ranch Butcher Ranch PDF

The Butcher Ranch, A cattle and hay ranch owned by Bruce and Mary Lou Butcher, was mapped using a Trimble GeoXT reciever during the fall semester of 2003.

The purpose of this project was to give the owner an accurate map of his hay fields and pasture land. Also a soil map was placed as a background so the owner could determine what type of management he should you on each field.

Mat Branaugh
Bridger Creek Golf Course Bridger Creek JPG

Bridger Creek is an 18-hole public golf course. All important features (tee boxes, fairways, putting greens, and hazards) of the course were mapped using the Trimble GeoXT receiver on November 7, 2003. The mapped features are overlaid onto a Bozeman DOQ. After differential correction, accuracy is sub-meter.

The purpose of this map was to create an accurate and practical map of Bridger Creek. The map will have practical uses for both employees who perform maintenance and customers who play the course. Maintenance workers will be able to reference the map for everyday tasks. Customers will be able to reference the map so they can apply the right strategy to play the hole ahead of them.

Cedar Bossert
Diamond B Ranch Diamond B PDF

Sections 20 and 21 of the Diamond B Ranch, located south of Livingston, were mapped during the fall 2003 semester. Due to the 2001 Fridley fire burning much of the summer grazing pasture, these two lower sections were improved to help utilize the pasture more efficiently. Improvements, section lines, and noxious weeds were all mapped.

The purpose of this was to have a reference of where the improvements are in relation to the noxious weeds to allow the person spraying a better idea of where the weeds are located.

Spring Semester 2003

Jake Powell
Lazy TV Ranch Lazy TV Ranch JPG

The Lazy TV Ranch was mapped during the spring of 2003. The mapping was done with a Trimble GeoExplorer 3 receiver, capable of 1-5 meter accuracy after differential correction. The ranch improvements and field descriptions were mapped. Pathfinder Office and ArcView 3.3 was then used to create a comprehensive management map. This map will be used by the Lazy TV Ranch as a reference tool for management decisions.

Levi Shugart
Caffrey Farm Caffrey Farm JPG

The Caffrey farm, located just twenty miles east of Bozeman, was mapped using a Trimble Geo3 GPS receiver. The mapping was started and completed in the spring of 2003. The Geo3 receiver is capable of 1-5 meter accuracy after differential correction. The final map shows pastures, buildings, and natural spring locations.

The purpose of the project is to create an understandable and precise map of the Caffrey property. This map will provide important and accurate information that will be used in pasture management and property development. This map will provide the Caffrey family with information that can be useful in pasture management problem areas and property decisions.

Tim Metcalfe
Moccasin Farm Moccasin Farm PDF

The Terry Metcalfe Farm was mapped using a Trimble GPS receiver during the Spring of 2003, at the beginning of February and April respectively. The Spring 2003 class used GeoExplorer III receivers capable of 1-5 meter accuracy after differential correction.

The purpose of this project was to establish a base map for the following years so crops could be easily identified and labeled. We also examined the soils of one of the fields, to start the ground work for precision agricultural practices.

Paul Neuman
Upper Yellowstone River Fishing Access Sites - Gardiner to Livingston Yellowstone PDF

Abstract not available

Nathan Haynie
Aries Farm Aries1 JPG, Aries2 JPG, Dads JPG, Harms JPG, N Horse Creek JPG, S13 JPG, S15 JPG, S Horse Creek JPG, S JPG, State Section JPG

Abstract not available