Montana State University

Health & Human Development

Montana State University
P.O. Box 173540
Bozeman, MT 59717-3540

Tel: (406) 994-3242
Fax: (406) 994-2013
Location: 218 Herrick Hall

HHD Undergraduate Advising Office

Tel: (406) 994-4001
Fax: (406) 994-6314
Location: 121 Hosaeus PE Complex
E-mail: hhd@montana.edu

Department of Health & Human Development


 

HHD Well-Being Model

social economic/financial emotional/spiritual physical intellectual


The mission of the Department of Health and Human Development is to enrich human well-being through teaching, research, and outreach. Our conceptual model of well-being emphasizes interconnectedness. Internationally, the concept of well-being has been used to describe global health, quality of life, and overall sustainability. According to the Oxford American Dictionary, well-being refers to being healthy, comfortable, and happy, although its uses extend to people, environments, wildlife, communities, nations, and so on. Based upon our review of the research, HHD defines well-being as being composed of five distinct but interconnected domains of well-being:



Social

Social well-being indicates how individuals or groups function in relation to others in society and often refers to characteristics such as interpersonal skills, family composition and interaction, social networks and support, community dynamics, and social behavior, including lifestyle, risk-taking, and deviance.

Economic/Financial

Economic/financial well-being refers to monetary and material resources such as housing, land, employment, occupation, income, and other dimensions of socioeconomic status.

Physical

Physical well-being refers to characteristics such as physical fitness, human performance, life expectancy, nutrition, disease incidence, health risk an protective factors, maternal and child health, and access to health care.

Emotional/Spiritual

Emotional/Spiritual well-being characterizes those aspects involved with feelings, such as perception, attitudes, spirituality, intimacy, self-esteem, self-concept, and mental health.

Intellectual

Intellectual well-being is the ability to process information effectively and the capability to use information in a rational way to grow and solve problems. It includes issues such as creativity, spontaneity, and openness of new ways of viewing situations.


While these five domains are distinct aspects of people’s lives, we recognize that they are integrated in a fabric of human well-being. We hold central the belief that well-being applies to families, groups, individuals, organizations, and communities.