Characteristics
Morphology  Rod-shaped gram-negative bacteria.
Growth Conditions
Can be placed in various growth media and incubated at 37oC.
Health Hazards
Host Range Humans
Modes of Transmission
Poses very little risk to healthy individuals. People who have weakened immune systems are at risk. Can be spread to susceptible persons by person-to-person contact with contaminated surfaces.
Signs and Symptoms   Causes a variety of diseases ranging from pneumonia to serious blood or wound infections
Infectious Dose  Unknown.
Incubation Period   Unknown.
Medical Precautions/Treatment
Prophylaxis
None available.
Vaccines
None available.
Treatment Treatment with imipenem or meropenem, but a steady rise in carbapenem resistance has been reported. Consequently, treatment methods often fall on polymyxins, such as colistin.
Surveillance
Monitor for symptoms of infection.
MSU Requirements
Report any exposures.
Laboratory Hazards
Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs)
None have been reported.
 Sources
Aquatic environments, sputum, respiratory secretions, wounds, and urine.
Supplemental References
BMBL:5th Edition
http://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5/BMBL.pdf
Canadian MSDS
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/index-eng.php
CDC
Containment Requirements
BSL2 For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.
ABSL2 For all procedures utilizing infected animals.
Spill Procedures
Small
Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.
Large
For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett, ryan.bartlett@montana.edu, (406) 994-6821
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Exposure Procedures
Mucous membrane
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Other Exposures
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Reporting
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
Medical Follow-up
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm.  Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
Viability
Disinfection
Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol, and 2 % gluteraldehyde.
Inactivation
Inactivated by moist heat (15 minutes at 121oC) and dry heat (1 hour at 160-170oC).
Survival Outside Host
Survives in the environment for long periods of time.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Minimum PPE Requirements
At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with A. baumannii. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.
Additional Precautions
All procedures that may produce aerosols, or involve high concentrations or large volumes should be conducted in a biological safety cabinet (BSC).