Morphology HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.
Growth Conditions N/A
Health Hazards
Host Range Humans
Modes of Transmission
Viruses are naturally acquired from a carrier during direct physical contact of infected individuals, other bodily fluids or inadequately sterilized instruments.
Signs and Symptoms 
Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundices, poor appetite and malaise. The condition is defined by inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ.
Infectious Dose  Unknown.
Incubation Period 
Symptomatic individuals may present after convalescent stage of 7 to 10 days.
Medical Precautions/Treatment
Prophylaxis None.
Vaccines None.
Antiviral compounds.
Surveillance Monitor for symptoms.
MSU Requirements Report any exposures.
Laboratory Hazards
Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs) Unknown.
Human to human contact
Supplemental References
BMBL:5th Edition
Canadian MSDS
Containment Requirements
BSL2 For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.
ABSL2 For all procedures utilizing infected animals.
Spill Procedures
Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.
For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett,, (406) 994-6733
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Exposure Procedures
Mucous membrane
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Other Exposures
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
Medical Follow-up
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm.  Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol, and formaldehyde.
Inactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170oC).
Survival Outside Host
Short periods of time (6 hours)
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Minimum PPE Requirements
At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with any material of human origin. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.
Additional Precautions