Characteristics
Morphology
Fungus belonging to the Candiaceae family. Polymorphic fungus as it can occur as yeast or pseudohyphal forms.
Growth Conditions
YM agar or broth
Health Hazards
Host Range
Humans
Modes of Transmission
Most infections result from the patient’s own flora, rather than from cross infection.
Signs and Symptoms 
Most frequent clinical form is thrush/oral candidiasis and is characterized by white patches.
Infectious Dose Unknown.
Incubation Period 
Unknown.
Medical Precautions/Treatment
Prophylaxis None.
Vaccines None.
Treatment
Amphotericin B, nystatin, flucytosine, the azoles, echinocandins
Surveillance Monitor for symptoms.
MSU Requirements Report any exposures.
Laboratory Hazards
Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs)
Low risk of infection. A medical student has been reported to have developed a rash and folliculitis 2 days after she spilled a heavy suspension of C. albicans on her leg while conducting a laboratory experiment.
 Sources
Epithelial scrapings or exudates from lesions, sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage, and blood.
Supplemental References
BMBL:5th Edition http://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5/BMBL.pdf
Canadian MSDS
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/index-eng.php
CDC
Containment Requirements
BSL2 For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.
ABSL2 For all procedures utilizing infected animals.
Spill Procedures
Small Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.
Large
For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett, ryan.bartlett@montana.edu, (406) 994-6821
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Exposure Procedures
Mucous membrane
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Other Exposures
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Reporting
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
Medical Follow-up
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm.  Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
Viability
Disinfection
Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol, and 4 % potassium iodide
Inactivation
Inactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170 C).
Survival Outside Host
Can survive on inanimate surfaces for 24 hours to 120 days, and on palms for about 45 minutes.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Minimum PPE Requirements
At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with C. albicans. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.
Additional Precautions
None