Characteristics

Morphology

Facultatively anaerobic gram-positive bacteria.

Growth Conditions

Optimal growth at 35°C.

Health Hazards

Host Range

Humans and animals

Modes of Transmission 

Nosocomial and person-to-person; can also be transmitted on food products

Signs and Symptoms 

Can cause urinary tract, wound, and soft tissue infections

Infectious Dose

 Unknown.

Incubation Period 

 Unknown.

Medical Precautions/Treatment

Prophylaxis

None 

Vaccines

None 

Treatment

Penicillin, ampicillin, and vancomycin.

Surveillance

Monitor for symptoms.

MSU Requirements 

Report any exposures.

Laboratory Hazards

Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs)

 

No cases have been reported.

 Sources

Blood, urine, wound samples, and feces

Supplemental References

BMBL:5th Edition

http://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5/BMBL.pdf
Canadian MSDS
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/index-eng.php
Containment Requirements
BSL2 For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.
ABSL2 For all procedures utilizing infected animals.

Spill Procedures

Small

Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.

Large

For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett, ryan.bartlett@montana.edu, (406) 994-6733
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Exposure Procedures
Mucous membrane
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Other Exposures
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Reporting
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
Medical Follow-up
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm.  Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT

Viability

Disinfection

Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol, and 70 % isopropyl alcohol.

Inactivation

IInactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170° C).

Survival Outside Host

Can survive 5 days to 4 months on dry inanimate surfaces. Can grow and survive in harsh environments, and persist almost anywhere including soil, plants, water, and food.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Minimum PPE Requirements

At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with E. faecium. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.

Additional Precautions

None