Characteristics
Morphology Gram-negative, rod-shaped, anaerobic, pathogenic bacterium.
Growth Conditions Blood agar 
Health Hazards
Host Range Humans and Animals.
Modes of Transmission  Oral ecology and person-to-person transmission
Signs and Symptoms  Implicated in certain forms of periodontal disease, as well as the upper gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, and in the colon. Collagen degradation observed in chronic disease state.
Infectious Dose Unknown.
Incubation Period   Unknown.
Medical Precautions/Treatment
Prophylaxis Oral-hygiene.
Vaccines None 
Treatment Antibiotics.
Surveillance Monitor for symptoms.
MSU Requirements  Report any exposures.
Laboratory Hazards
Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs) None reported.
 Sources Oral ecology 
Supplemental References
BMBL:5th Edition http://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5/BMBL.pdf
Canadian MSDS
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/index-eng.php
Containment Requirements
BSL2 For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.
ABSL2 For all procedures utilizing infected animals.
Spill Procedures
Small Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.
Large
For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett, ryan.bartlett@montana.edu, (406) 994-6821
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Exposure Procedures
Mucous membrane
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Other Exposures
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Reporting
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
Medical Follow-up
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm.  Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
Viability
Disinfection Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol.
Inactivation IInactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170° C).
Survival Outside Host Unknown.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Minimum PPE Requirements At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with P. gingivalis. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.
Additional Precautions None.