|Morphology||Gram-positive cocci, usually occurs in clusters, nonspore forming, non-motile, coagulase positive, facultative anaerobes.|
|Growth Conditions||Tryptic Soy Broth|
|Modes of Transmission||It is part of the normal human flora, typically the skin flora. Although it is usually not pathogenic, patients with compromised immune systems are at risk of developing infection. It is a particular concern for people with catheters or other surgical implants because it is known to form biofilms.|
|Signs and Symptoms||Biofilm growth on plastic devices placed within the body. It can also cause endocarditis, most often in patients with defective heart valves.|
|Treatment||Antibiotics are largely ineffective. The most common treatment is to remove or replace the infected implant.|
|Surveillance||Monitor for symptoms.|
|MSU Requirements||Report any exposures.|
|Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs)||None reported.|
|Sources||Part of the normal human flora.|
|BSL2||For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.|
|ABSL2||For all procedures utilizing infected animals.|
|Small||Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.|
|Large||For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett, email@example.com, (406) 994-6821
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm. Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
|Disinfection||Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol.|
|Inactivation||Inactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170° C).|
|Survival Outside Host||Can survive on dry surfaces for long periods.|
|Minimum PPE Requirements||At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with S. epidermidis. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.|