200.00 D003 Waste Minimization Policy


210.00 Background

Montana State University desires to minimize the generation of D003 hazardous waste, to the extent possible, by encouraging the prudent purchasing and monitoring of the total quantities of D003 chemicals brought onto the campus, and when possible, to track their use to discourage the need for disposal. To accomplish this, the following procurement and management policy is provided. The D003 characteristics and list of commonly used chemicals which exhibit the characteristic of reactivity are attached. The University supports the primary benefits of waste minimization, which are reductions of hazardous waste generation, reduced handling, tracking, and a safer working atmosphere. A complete D003 Waste Minimization Plan is available from the Director of Hazardous Materials Management upon request. The effective date of this policy is July 1, 1993.


220.00 Policy

Researchers must order the smallest quantity of D003 chemicals available to meet their immediate needs. Bulk purchasing of D003 chemicals is not authorized unless large quantities of the D003 chemicals are necessary for research use and can be used within one year from the order date. Bulk purchases means quantities greater than 4 liters (liquids) or 5 kilograms (solids and all gas cylinders).

All orders of D003 chemicals shall be fully documented either with a State purchase order or a departmental purchase order (DPO). A purchase order shall confirm any telephone order for D003 chemicals. A copy of the purchase order must be provided to the Director of Hazardous Materials Management (x3572) with questions or to discuss alternate chemicals which may be acceptable for the research.

Any transfer of D003 chemicals from one department to an other for continuing research purposes must also be formally documented and a confirmation (chemical name and amount) of the transfer must be provided to the Director of Hazardous Materials Management within 10 working days. The transfer of excess D003 chemicals for others on campus to use is the preferred method of use for any excess.

Any costs incurred by the University for disposal of D003 chemicals which occur as a result of: 1) unnecessarily large volume purchases, or 2) purchases or transfers not fully and appropriately documented to the Director of Hazardous Materials Management, will be charged to the academic/research unit of the responsible party.


230.00 D003 Chemical Characteristic of Reactivity

40 CFR 261.23 Characteristic of Reactivity
A solid waste exhibits the characteristic of reactivity if a representative sample of the waste has any of the following properties:

 

  • It is normally unstable and readily undergoes violent change without detonating.
  • It reacts violently with water.
  • It forms potentially explosive mixtures with water.
  • When mixed with water, it generates toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.
  • It is a cyanide or a sulfide bearing waste which, when exposed to pH conditions between 2 and 12.5, can generate toxic gases, vapors, or fumes in a quantity sufficient to present a danger to human health or the environment.
  • It is capable of detonation or explosive reaction if it is subjected to a strong initiating source or if heated under confinement.
  • It is readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or reaction at standard temperature and pressure.
  • It is a forbidden explosive as defined in 49 CFR 173.51, or a Class A explosive as defined in 49 CFR 173.53 or a Class B explosive as defined in 49 CFR 173.88.
A solid waste that exhibits the characteristic of reactivity has the EPA Hazardous Waste Number D003.

240.00 Most Common D003 Waste (Based On Past Experience)

Sulfides
  • Ferrous Sulfides
  • Ferric Sulfide
  • Zinc Sulfide
  • Sodium Sulfide
  • Cadmium Sulfide
  • Antimony Sulfide
  • Barium Sulfide
  • Lead Sulfide
  • Calcium Sulfide
Cyanides
  • Sodium Cyanide
  • Potassium Cyanide
  • Cuprous Cyanide
  • Potassium Ferrocyanide
Others
  • Thionyl Chloride
  • Toluene Sulfonyl Chloride
  • Antimony Trichloride
  • Tantalum Pentafluoride
  • Potassium (metal)
  • Sodium (metal)
  • Arsenic Trioxide
  • Arsenic Pentoxide
  • Hydrazine

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