W 8:00-8:50 050 Gaines Hall Hall
F 12:00-5:00 Lab in Field (or 145 Gaines Hall if not in the field)
(You must be at field site or lab room at 1:00)
200 Traphagen Hall
Phone: 406 994 6906
info for students is on D2L
|Did you click Reload?|
|Friday, April 29 We will meet in Gaines Hall 145 at
1:00 to share the
results of your project work, turn in equipment, and discuss the
final. Because of the size of the class and number of projects
each presenter will be allocated 10 minutes per presenation with 5
minutes for questions. There are 12 presentations which will
require three hours of presentations.
Jr. Standing; Ability to use Excel
Spreadsheet; Word Processor operation; GPHY 111 Physical
Geography; STAT 216 or 332; Physics 205 or 211 (Newtonian
Physics); Ability to
ski from top of Bridger Lift or consent of instructor.
McClung, D., and Schaerer,
P., 1993, The avalanche handbook. The
Mountaineers, Seattle, 271p.
Greene, E., Atkins, D., Birkeland, K., Elder, K.,Landry, C., Lazar, B., McCammon, I., Moore, M., Sharaf, D., Sterbenz, C., Tremper, B., Williams, K., 2009, Snow, Weather, and Valanches: Observational Guidelines for Avlanche programs in the United States (2nd Edition): American Avalanche Association, Pagosa Springs CO, 150 p. (Note: The second edition is not yet available on line. You are expected to have a copy of the second edtion. The second edition has new material in it.)
Birkeland, K., Elder, K., Johnson, G., Landry, C., McCammon, I., Moore,
M., Sharaf, D., Sterbenz, C., Tremper, B., Williams, K., 2004,
Snow, Weather, and Valanches: Observational Guidelines for Avlanche
programs in the United States: American Avalanche Association,
Pagosa Springs CO, 150 p.
Colbeck, S., Akitaya, E., Armstrong, R., Gubler, H., Lafeuille, J, Lied, K., McClung, D., Morris, E., (eds.), 1990, The international classification for seasonal snow on the ground: International Association of Scientific Hydrology, 23 p. On the web.
C., Armstrong, R.L., Durand, Y., Etchevers, P., Greene, E., McClung,
D.M., Nishimura, K., Satyawali, P.K. and Sokratov, S.A. 2009. The
InternationalClassification for Seasonal Snow on the Ground. IHP-VII
Technical Documents in Hydrology N°83, IACS Contribution N°1,
Utah Avalanche Center FAQs Tutorials
also be expected to read some papers on reserve in the library.
Journal Articles: On reserve in Library.
Optional Book: Glover, T.J., 2000, Pocket Ref (second edition): Sequoia Publishing, Littleton, CO, 542 p.
Other Papers that may be of interest.
Link to All Laboratories
|Jan||12||W||Syllabus, Equipment, Collect Contact Information Discuss Writing||Read Syllabus; *=required
||F||Lecture Marathon 1-5; Meet in 100 Traphagen||We prepare for field and calibrate intstruments|
|New Snow|| *43-50;
*Libbrecht Web Page; Fierz et al., 2009; Introduction to Water; Hexagonal Crystal System; Rotating Crystal
|New Deposition||*p. 49-52; 36-42; 320; *Birkeland,
2004 Fierz et
Lang et al., 1984
|Stratigraphy||*p. 67-68; 187-190; 192-197; *Fierz et al.,
2009; Greene, et al.,
2009 p. 21-36
||*52-68, p.318-319, *Colbeck, 1982; Birkeland et al., 1998; *Fierz et al., 2009;|
||W||Metamorphism II||*52-68, p.318-319; Colbeck, 1982; Colbeck 1998;
|21||F||Snow Density|| Greene
Fierz et al., 2009; Custer 1991 (Skim); Bridger Map
||p. 173(end)-181; 226; *Greene et al., 2009, p.36-50; 55-61.|
||F||Snow Pit Stratigraphy Laboratory||See Last Friday
|Feb||02||W||Snow Strength ECT PST||Simenhois and Birkeland 2006; Birkeland and Simenhois ,2008; Ross and Jamieson, 2008; Gauthier and Jamieson, 2006|
||*Green et al., 2009, p. 36-50; 55-61. Birkeland, et al. 1996; Jamieson and Johnston, 1992; Johnson and Birkeland, 1998; Birkeland and Johnson, 1999 CRST; Fohn, 1987b; Fohn, 1989.|
||W||Snow Strength -- Shear Frame|| *84-87,
|11||F||Snow Strength -- PST ECT||Greene et al, 2009, p. 51-55|
|Feb||16||W||Avalanche Factors||*Ch 7 (some review); Ch 8; Myths|
|18||F||Shear Strength with Frame||*Green et al., 2009, p. 66-68+Web; Birkeland, 1998b; Fohn, 1988;|
|South Madison Snow Stability Alternative.||
Snow Strength III
|Feb||25||F||Route Finding and
Decision Making Videos. Discuss Shear data. Shear paper due
|Snow Stratigraphic Variablility (canceled this year)|
|Mar||02||W||Avalanche Factors|| 118-123;*Ch 7 (some review);* 82-108;
109-118; Ch 6; Ch
|02||W||Approved Project Plan by 5:00|
|04||F||Bridger Terrain Tour/ Route Selection||139-143; 181-187
Old Bridger Air Photo
New Bridger Sattelite Photo
Digital Orthophoto NRIS
||Avalanche Factors||118-123;*Ch 7 (some review);* 82-108; 109-118; Ch 6; Ch 8; Myths|
||Project Work Time|
AAA Danger Scale
|*73-80; 90-91; 109-111; 123-128; 134 pics; p. 321-329; Green et al., 2009, 69-83. Int.Nat.Com. Snow Ice, 1981; Canadian Classification and US Reporting system p.252|
|25||F||Snow-Water Measurement||*Goodison, 1981; Rovansek, et al., 1993
*NRCS Snow Survey Sampling Guide
||W||Avalanche Control||*123-139; Ch 10|
Big Sky Avalanche Terrain and Mountain Planning
Big Sky Map
Wet Snow Metamorphic
|*123-139; Ch 10|
|08||F||Ram Penetrometer Lab
||190-191; 68-72; 143-145;*Colbeck, 1982 (wet snow); Greene et al, 2009, p.62-66. Excel Ram Profile Program|
|Apr||13||W||Wet Snow Avalanche||Trautman, 2007, p. 3-14; *143-145; Peitzsch 1-22, 30-31 46, 106-112; Skim Sililo and Tellam 2000|
|15||F||Snow Melt Laboratory|
||*123-139; Ch 10
|22||F||UNIVERSITY DAY HOLIDAY||
||Project due at 5:00 PM
|| Snow Melt Lab Due today at 5:00
||F||Oral Presentations of Project
||Final Examination 8:00 -
|| GH 050
Avalanche Factors to End of Course
You are encouraged to finish your projects early and
present them at the Earth Sciences Colloquium (Date in April) and the
University Student Research Celebration (Abstract deadline Date in
Presentation in April 22-23 )(Written
Disagreements regarding grading: If, after looking at the key, you believe any written product has been miss scored, you may submit your test and a brief written defense of why you believe your work has been miss marked.
All papers for laboratory should be placed in the D2L turn in box (separate boxes for data and for paper and separate turn in areas for each laboratory). Your paper should have your name on it.
Late work will be assessed 10% per day late including weekends and holidays. Work more than 4 days late will not be graded.
Absences: The student is responsible for all lecture, lab, and reading material assigned. There is no simple mechanism to make up a laboratory. For illness there may be possible alternative exercises, but the potential for an alternative exercise depends on the week's activity and will need to be arranged with the instructor. If a make-up is required, the make-up should be done as soon as possible after the missed lab. No end-of semester saves. Arrangements for make-up must be made with the instructor. The student is responsible for making arrangements for laboratory make-up. Role will be taken in Laboratory each week to be certain who is going out of bounds with us. Students are directed to obtain class notes for missed material from another student in the class if a class is missed. Instructor's class notes will not be copied. To make up an absence from an examination, the student must verify illness, severe injury, or family emergency. The student should notify the instructor before the exam to indicate extraordinary circumstances have arisen. His phone has a voice-mail 406-994-6906; email is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Student Conduct: Documented
will result in failure on the piece of work. Repeat offenses will
result in course failure.