Every species has DNA that is unique to it. DNA contains the information that gives a cell a specific function. We all have variations in our DNA, but some variations or mutations can lead to Type II diabetes. Type II diabetes is a well known genetic disease, but the genetics of Type II diabetes is not well known.


Humans have an estimated 60,000-70,000 genes. Each gene contains about 1000-10,000 base pairs. Each base pair consists of either adenine (A) and thymine (T) or guanine (G) and cytosine (C), which are the chemical building blocks of DNA.