Montana State University
MSU Catalog > Departmental Courses > Department of Animal & Range Sciences Courses

Course Equivalency Tool (Montana University System Common Course Changes)

Courses from the Department of Animal & Range Sciences

     ANSC, ARNR, EQUH, EQUS, NRSM, & WILD


ANSC 100   Introduction to Animal Science
ANSC 205 Intro to Meat Evaluation
ANSC 215 Calving Management
ANSC 222 Livestock in Sustain Systems
ANSC 232 Lvstk Mgmt-Sheep I
ANSC 234 Lvstk Mgmt-Beef I
ANSC 262 Range Livestock Production
ANSC 290R Undergraduate Research
ANSC 291 Special Topics
ANSC 292 Independent Study
ANSC 305 Advanced Meat Evaluation
ANSC 308 Livestock Evaluation
ANSC 316 Meat Science
ANSC 320 Animal Nutrition
ANSC 321 Physiology of Animal Reprod
ANSC 322 Princ of Animal Breed/Genetics
ANSC 337 Disease of Domestic Lvstk
ANSC 395 Field Experience: Livestock
ANSC 408 Advanced Livestock Evaluation
ANSC 410 Veterinary Entomology
ANSC 416R Meat Processing
ANSC 418 Topics in Beef Nutrition
ANSC 421 Assisted Reprod Tech w/ Lab
ANSC 432 Sheep Management
ANSC 434R Beef Cattle Management
ANSC 490R Undergraduate Research
ANSC 491 Special Topics
ANSC 492 Independent Study
ANSC 494 Seminar
ANSC 498 Internship

ARNR 289R Undergrad Rsch/Instruction
ARNR 507 Research Methods
ARNR 520 Nutrient Metabolism
ARNR 521 Adv Ruminant Nutrition
ARNR 523 Adv Physiology of Reproduction
ARNR 524 Adv Animal Breeding
ARNR 525 Muscle Growth & Biology
ARNR 541 Range Ecophysiology
ARNR 543 Riparian Process & Function
ARNR 544 Adv Grazing Mgmt & Ecology
ARNR 575 Prof Paper & Project
ARNR 589 Graduate Consultation
ARNR 590 Master's Thesis
ARNR 591 Special Topics
ARNR 592 Independent Study
ARNR 594 Seminar
ARNR 690 Doctoral Thesis

EQUH 110 Western Equitation
EQUH 114 Beginning English Equitation
EQUH 207 Intermed English Equitation
EQUH 210 Intermed Western Equitation
EQUH 253 Starting Colts
EQUH 256 Developing The Young Horse
EQUH 314 Equestrian Instruction Methods

EQUS 233 Horse Science and Mgt Lab
EQUS 290R Undergraduate Research
EQUS 291 Special Topics
EQUS 292 Independent Study
EQUS 327 Equine Lameness
EQUS 346 Equine Reproductive Management
EQUS 347 Equine Form to Function
EQUS 423 Equine Nutrition
EQUS 430 Horse Management
EQUS 490R Undergrad Research
EQUS 491 Special Topics
EQUS 492 Independent Study
EQUS 494 Seminar

NRSM 101 Natural Resource Conservation
NRSM 102 Natural Resource Conserv Lab
NRSM 235 Range and Pasture Monitoring
NRSM 236 Small Pasture Management
NRSM 240 Natural Resource Ecology
NRSM 290R Undergraduate Research
NRSM 330 Fire Ecology and Mgmt
NRSM 350 Veg of Western Wildlands
NRSM 351 Biomes of Western Wildlands
NRSM 353 Grazing Ecology and Management
NRSM 453 Habitat Inventory and Analysis
NRSM 455 Riparian Ecology & Management
NRSM 490R Undergrad Research
NRSM 491 Special Topics
NRSM 492 Independent Study
NRSM 494 Seminar

WILD 291 Special Topics
WILD 325 Wildlife-Livestock Nutrition
WILD 355 Wildlife/Lvstck Habitat Restor
WILD 426 Wildlife Habitat Management
WILD 438 Wildlife Habitat Ecology
WILD 494 Seminar

ANSC 100 Introduction to Animal Science
Offered Spring Semesters
-- Introductory Animal Science includes basic principles of animal genetics, nutrition, live animal evaluation, reproduction, and their application to the production of beef and dairy cattle, sheep, swine, horses, and poultry.

ANSC 205 Intro to Meat Evaluation
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100
-- Techniques for the evaluation of carcasses. Procedures include U.S. grading standards, introduction to carcass pricing and objective carcass measurements.

ANSC 215 Calving Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100 and ANSC 262 or consent of instructor.
-- Procedures to correctly identify calving problems and subsequently assist the birthing process and application of techniques to maximize calf survival.

ANSC 222 Livestock in Sustain Systems
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: Sophomore standing and ANSC 100 is recommended.
-- The role of livestock in balanced sustainable and organic systems will be
explored with a primary focus on incorporating targeted grazing into farming
systems. The principles of sustainable animal production and the
regulations associated with organic animal production will be presented.

ANSC 232 Lvstk Mgmt-Sheep I
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100.
-- Management practices associated with farm flock and range sheep enterprises.

ANSC 234 Lvstk Mgmt-Beef I
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100
-- Hands-on laboratories to familiarize students with the principles of beef cattle handling and management.

ANSC 262 Range Livestock Production
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100, NRSM 101.
-- Principles of beef and sheep production in rangeland environments. Breeding, reproduction, nutrition, marketing, and distribution.

ANSC 290R Undergraduate Research
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
-- Directed undergraduate research which may culminate in a written work or other creative project. Course will address responsible conduct of research. May be repeated.

ANSC 291 Special Topics
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: None required but some may be determined necessary by each offering department.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

ANSC 292 Independent Study
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

ANSC 305 Advanced Meat Evaluation
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 205 or consent of instructor.
-- Advanced skills in carcass evaluation, U.S. grading standards, and carcass pricing.

ANSC 308 Livestock Evaluation
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100 and ANSC 205, or consent of instructor.
-- Techniques and experience in live animal evaluation. Practical use of production data and other evaluation techniques.

ANSC 316 Meat Science
Offered Spring Semesters;4 cr. LEC 3 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100 and BIOB 160 and CHMY 121.
-- The meat industry within North America and beyond will be discussed. Live animal evaluation, pricing and carcass evaluation will be discussed. The class will include an explanation of muscle structure and function and its effect on tenderness and functionality.

ANSC 320 Animal Nutrition
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 262, ANSC 265/266 and CHMY 123 and or consent of instructor.
-- Digestion and metabolism of nutrients, nutrient requirements, feed composition, diet formulation, and practical feeding of various classes of domestic animals.

ANSC 321 Physiology of Animal Reprod
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 265/266.
-- A study of the anatomy and physiology of reproduction of vertebrates with major emphasis on mammalian domestic animal and wildlife species. This class introduces students to emerging concepts and current technologies for altering reproductive efficiency in a variety of animal species, including humans.

ANSC 322 Princ of Animal Breed/Genetics
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100, BIOB 160, and either STAT 216 or STAT 332 or PSPP 318.
-- Genetic improvement of farm animals through performance testing, methods of selection, and application of mating systems such as crossbreeding.

ANSC 337 Disease of Domestic Lvstk
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 265/266.
-- This course is structured to familiarize students with the common diseases of domestic livestock. Infectious and non-infectious diseases of horses, cattle, sheep and swine will be covered. Particular emphasis will be placed on regional diseases.

ANSC 395 Field Experience: Livestock
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100 and junior standing.
-- Exposure of students to livestock operations and related business enterprises in different geographical locations. One three-day field trip. Graded P/F.

ANSC 408 Advanced Livestock Evaluation
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 308 or equivalent.
-- Advanced skills in evaluation of animals and data associated with growth and genetic improvement. Develop decision making and oral communication skills.

ANSC 410 Veterinary Entomology
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered even years.
PREREQUISITE: BIOB 470, BIOO 262.
-- This course will provide an overview of the importance of arthropods and their effects on human and animal health. Topics covered will include classification and identification of insects, mites, and ticks, basic biology, behavior and ecology, feeding mechanisms, pathogen transmission, vector competency, production impacts, integrated management and prevention.

ANSC 416R Meat Processing
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 316 or instructor approval.
-- Students will learn to manufacture processed meat products such as fresh sausage, ham, bacon and cooked sausages. They will also be developing new flavor profiles and new products that will be presented to a panel with proposed marketing plans.

ANSC 418 Topics in Beef Nutrition
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered even years.
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 320 and Junior standing or consent of instructor.
-- Critical evaluation of current issues and related scientific literature in beef cattle nutrition; application to decision making and problem solving.

ANSC 421 Assisted Reprod Tech w/ Lab
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 321.
-- Reproductive management programs applying physiological knowledge to increase meat and milk production in cattle. Experience in the techniques of artificial insemination and pregnancy evaluation in cattle.

ANSC 432 Sheep Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 262, ANSC 232, ANSC 320, and ANSC 321 or consent of instructor.
-- Management of the ewe flock, nutrition, reproduction, economics, breeding, and health related to efficient sheep production will be discussed. Production preparation and wool marketing in U.S. and world markets and economics of Montana wool production will be covered.

ANSC 434R Beef Cattle Management
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 262, NRSM 240, ANSC 320, ANSC 321, ANSC 322 and AGEC 210 or AGEC 341.
-- Integration of the principles of nutrition, genetics, physiology, range ecology, and economics into practical and profitable ranch management and business plans. Utilization of performance and financial records, budgeting, feed resource planning, marketing strategies, breeding plans, computer applications, and case studies.

ANSC 490R Undergraduate Research
Offered Fall, Spring, Summer Semesters
-- Directed undergraduate research which may culminate in a research paper, journal article, or undergraduate thesis. May be repeated.

ANSC 491 Special Topics
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Course prerequisites as determined for each offering.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

ANSC 492 Independent Study
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

ANSC 494 Seminar
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing and as determined for each offering.
-- Topics offered at the upper division level which are not covered in regular courses. Students participate in preparing and presenting discussion material.

ANSC 498 Internship
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- An individualized assignment arranged with an agency, business, or other organization to provide guided experience in the field.


ARNR 289R Undergrad Rsch/Instruction
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
-- Classroom instruction associated with directed undergraduate research/creative activity projects. May be repeated.

ARNR 507 Research Methods
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing.
-- Application of scientific method and research techniques, including design of experiments and use of appropriate statistical procedures.

ARNR 520 Nutrient Metabolism
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 320, and either CHMY 123 or BCH 380 or consent of instructor.
-- Energy and protein utilization, emphasis on how energy and protein requirements are determined.

ARNR 521 Adv Ruminant Nutrition
Offered Fall Semesters;alternate years, to be offered even years.
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 320 or consent of instructor.
-- Physiological and microbiology aspects of ruminant digestion and their influence on the metabolism of extraruminal tissues.

ARNR 523 Adv Physiology of Reproduction
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered odd years.
PREREQUISITE: BIOB 412, BCH 380, ANSC 321 or consent of instructor.
-- Study of the basic concepts of reproductive process of mammals with special emphasis on the application of recent techniques in solving reproductive problems associated with fertility and infertility.

ARNR 524 Adv Animal Breeding
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered even years.
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 322.
-- Quantitative genetics applied to the improvement of animals. Biometrical relationships among relatives, methods of estimating genetic parameters, application of crossbreeding systems and selection techniques.

ARNR 525 Muscle Growth & Biology
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered even years.
PREREQUISITE: BCH 380 AND BIOB 160.
-- Growth and development of muscle, muscle structure and how growth is controlled by hormones and DNA will be studied. The impact of growth manipulation on the final product, meat, will also be evaluated.

ARNR 541 Range Ecophysiology
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered even years.
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 240 or BIOE 370 or BIOE 433.
-- Lectures and selected readings on the response of range plants and animals to daily and seasonal changes in their environment, including physiology, animal behavior, and plant population biology.

ARNR 543 Riparian Process & Function
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered odd years.
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 455, BIOE 370 and ERTH 432.
-- This course involves an in depth investigation of the geomorphological physical and biological parameters unique to riparian areas of the Northern Rocky Mountains and Great Plains. Emphasis will be placed on how these parameters interact to create the biotic communities associated with riparian areas.

ARNR 544 Adv Grazing Mgmt & Ecology
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered odd years.
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 240 or NRSM 350 or NRSM 351 or BIOE 370.
-- Review of management principles for livestock grazing grasslands and shrub lands and their ecological relationship to other areas. Study design and scientific results will be examined to critically review information.

ARNR 575 Prof Paper & Project
Offered Fall, Spring, Summer Semesters
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing.
-- A research or professional paper or project dealing with a topic in the field. The topic must have been mutually agreed upon by the student and his or her major adviser and graduate committee.

ARNR 589 Graduate Consultation
Offered Fall, Spring, Summer Semesters
PREREQUISITE: Master's standing and approval of the Dean of Graduate Studies.
-- This course may be used only by students who have completed all of their course work (and thesis, if on a thesis plan) but who need additional faculty or staff time or help.

ARNR 590 Master's Thesis
Offered Fall, Spring, Summer Semesters
PREREQUISITE: Master's standing.

ARNR 591 Special Topics
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Upper division courses and others as determined for each offering.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

ARNR 592 Independent Study
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing, consent of instructor, approval of department head and Dean of Graduate Studies.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

ARNR 594 Seminar
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing or seniors by petition. Course prerequisites as determined for each offering.
-- Topics offered at the graduate level which are not covered in regular courses. Students participate in preparing and presenting discussion material.

ARNR 690 Doctoral Thesis
Offered Fall, Spring, Summer Semesters
PREREQUISITE: Doctoral standing.


EQUH 110 Western Equitation
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
-- Western equitation techniques including introductory training techniques.

EQUH 114 Beginning English Equitation
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
-- Beginning English equitation technique, including horse behavior, horse handling, equipment and basic horse anatomy .

EQUH 207 Intermed English Equitation
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: EQUH 114.
-- Advanced English equitation techniques including collecting, lateral movements and beginning jumping.

EQUH 210 Intermed Western Equitation
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: EQUH 110 or permission of instructor.
-- Students will learn advanced movements and maneuvers such as collection, roll-backs, turn-arounds, and lead changes. Students must have secure seat and hands. Training methods for the green horse and tuning techniques for the older broke horse will be covered.

EQUH 253 Starting Colts
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: EQUH 210.
-- Principles and techniques of breaking and training young horses.

EQUH 256 Developing The Young Horse
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: EQUH 210.
-- Advanced techniques and training for either reining, cutting, or working cow horses. For experienced riders.

EQUH 314 Equestrian Instruction Methods
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: EQUH 110, EQUH 210, or consent of instructor.
-- The object of this course is to develop competent riding instructors who can communicate effectively and motivate students to higher riding skills.


EQUS 233 Horse Science and Mgt Lab
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100.
-- Laboratory designed to familiarize students with approved management practices for horse enterprises.

EQUS 290R Undergraduate Research
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters;
-- Directed undergraduate research which may culminate in a written work or other creative project. Course will address responsible conduct of research. May be repeated.

EQUS 291 Special Topics
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: None required but some may be determined necessary by each offering department.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

EQUS 292 Independent Study
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

EQUS 327 Equine Lameness
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 265/266.
-- This course is structured to familiarize students with the many types of lameness in the horse. Students will be instructed on the correlation between anatomy, conformation, locomotion and lameness. Selected diseases of the bones, joints, and soft tissue will be discussed. Significant time will also be spent on lameness diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, as well as shoeing principles for sound and lame horses.

EQUS 346 Equine Reproductive Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 265/266, ANSC 321.
-- This course is designed to familiarize students with the reproduction in horses. Students will be instructed on the appropriate methods for management of the stallion, mare and foal. The curriculum will also include equipment and facilities use, as well as management of a breeding facility.

EQUS 347 Equine Form to Function
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 265/266 and Junior standing.
-- Development of methods for analyzing a horse's conformation along with a good understanding of anatomy and its relationship to performance.

EQUS 423 Equine Nutrition
Offered Spring alternate years, to be offered odd years.
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 320 and Junior standing or consent of instructor.
-- Critical evaluation of current issues and related scientific literature in equine nutrition; application to designing effective feeding programs.

EQUS 430 Horse Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 265/266, ANSC 320, ANSC 321, ANSC 322,
-- Horse management and problems with emphasis on behavior, nutrition, reproduction, and management programs.

EQUS 490R Undergrad Research
Offered Fall, Spring, Summer Semesters
-- Directed undergraduate research which may culminate in a research paper, journal article, or undergraduate thesis. May be repeated.

EQUS 491 Special Topics
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Course prerequisites as determined for each offering.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

EQUS 492 Independent Study
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

EQUS 494 Seminar
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing and as determined for each offering.
-- Topics offered at the upper division level which are not covered in regular courses. Students participate in preparing and presenting discussion material.


NRSM 101 Natural Resource Conservation
Offered Fall Semesters
-- An overview of soils, water, rangelands and wildlife conservation from the global to the local level. Impacts of human population growth, economics, ethics and agriculture on the sustainability of natural resources will be examined using basic principles of ecology.

NRSM 102 Natural Resource Conserv Lab
Offered Fall Semesters
COREQUISITE: NRSM 101
-- The laboratory exercises are designed to complement the lectures of NRSM 101. Rangeland inventory and classification methods will be reviewed. Sixty common native and introduced plants will be identified in the field and the classroom.

NRSM 235 Range and Pasture Monitoring
Offered Fall Semesters;1 cr. LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100, NRSM 101, NRSM 102.
-- Methods which can be used by private operators as well as state and federal land managers to identify site potential, inventory forage resources, evaluate range and pasture condition, estimate stocking rates, and measure forage utilization by wildlife and livestock.

NRSM 236 Small Pasture Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100, NRSM 101, NRSM 102 or permission of the instructor.
-- Management of small acreages (< 50 acre) to produce forage for horses and non-commercial livestock. Topics include determination of site productivity, plant and animal response to grazing, forage production, protection of water quality and controlling invasive plants. Field trips include operations with successful grazing programs and problem areas.

NRSM 240 Natural Resource Ecology
Offered Fall Semesters;3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 101.
-- Focus on the role of physical and biotic processes on ecosystem function, including natural and managed ecosystems. Emphasis on rangelands, wildlife habitat, watersheds, and disturbed environments.

NRSM 290R Undergraduate Research
Offered Fall, Spring Semesters
-- Directed undergraduate research which may culminate in a written work or other creative project. Course will address responsible conduct of research. May be repeated.

NRSM 330 Fire Ecology and Mgmt
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 101 or NRSM 240 or BIOE 370.
-- This course covers the wildlife patterns that shape and define western rangeland and forest ecosystems. Discussions on the historical role of fire will provide the background for using prescribed fire to accomplish a broad range of habitat management goals.

NRSM 350 Veg of Western Wildlands
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 240, BIOO 230, and either AGSC 454 or BIOO 435.
COREQUISITE: NRSM 351.
-- Identification of commonly occurring plants of western North America biomes. Important ecological and management relationships of the plants will be emphasized.

NRSM 351 Biomes of Western Wildlands
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 240, BIOO 230.
COREQUISITE: NRSM 350.
-- Climatic, physical, and biological interactions of natural biomes. The structure of western North America biomes will be considered in detail.

NRSM 353 Grazing Ecology and Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 101, NRSM 102, and ANSC 262 or NRSM 240.
-- Ecological perspectives of livestock grazing in the major biomes of the western United States and southern Canada. Impacts on soils, individual plants, plant communities, livestock, wildlife, and hydrology will be reviewed in the scientific literature.

NRSM 453 Habitat Inventory and Analysis
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 240 or BIOE 370, STAT 216 or BIOB 318, and Junior standing.
-- Focus on collecting, analyzing, and interpreting measures of rangeland resources including plant, animal, soil, and watershed components. Emphasis on sampling objectives, field procedures, monitoring, and evaluation.

NRSM 455 Riparian Ecology & Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ENSC 245 and NRSM 240 or ENSC 272 or ERTH 303 or BIOE 370
-- This course will provide an overview of one of the most ecologically diverse ecosystems in western North America. Students will have the opportunity to study the physical and biological processes which shape and maintain riparian ecosystems. A field laboratory will provide experience in biological and physical monitoring methodologies that are central to land management decisions.

NRSM 490R Undergrad Research
Offered Fall, Spring, Summer Semesters
-- Directed undergraduate research which may culminate in a research paper, journal article, or undergraduate thesis.

NRSM 491 Special Topics
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Course prerequisites as determined for each offering.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

NRSM 492 Independent Study
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

NRSM 494 Seminar
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing and as determined for each offering.
-- Topics offered at the upper division level which are not covered in regular courses. Students participate in preparing and presenting discussion material.


WILD 291 Special Topics
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: None required but some may be determined necessary by each offering department.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

WILD 325 Wildlife-Livestock Nutrition
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: ANSC 100 and NRSM 101 and NRSM 102, and ANSC 262.
-- Nutrition of free ranging ungulates including deer, elk, antelope, bison, sheep, cattle and feral horses. Topics will include digestive systems, intake, food habits, feeding behavior and management.

WILD 355 Wildlife/Lvstck Habitat Restor
Offered Fall Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 101 or ENSC 110 or F&WL 301, and BIOO 230, and NRSM 240 or BIOE 370.
-- Improvement and rehabilitation of habitats used by wildlife and free-ranging livestock in the western United States. Topics include methods used to improve wildlife habitat as well as livestock forage. Design criteria for stock ponds, off-site water development, construction of bird/small mammal guzzlers, use of prescribed fire, mechanical, chemical and biological techniques to rehabilitate and improve wildlife and livestock habitats.

WILD 426 Wildlife Habitat Management
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 240 or BIOE 370 or consent of instructor.
-- Emphasis is placed on wildlife habitat management in coordination with other land uses (i.e. agriculture, recreation, and development). Students gain insight into the details of wildlife habitat management by delving into the historical and current literature on the subject. Real world issues and solutions based on case study examples are emphasized.

WILD 438 Wildlife Habitat Ecology
Offered Spring Semesters
PREREQUISITE: NRSM 240 or BIOE 370 or consent of instructor.
-- Principles of habitat importance and management. Habitat requirements within wildlife population constraints will be emphasized with consideration of other natural resource demands.

WILD 494 Seminar
On Demand
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing and as determined for each offering.
-- Topics offered at the upper division level which are not covered in regular courses. Students participate in preparing and presenting discussion material.

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