Montana State University

PSPP
Plant Sciences


PSPP 101CS INTRODUCTION TO BIO TECHNOLOGY

PSPP 102CS PLANT SCIENCE, RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT

PSPP 131   LANDSCAPE DESIGN HISTORY/THEORY

PSPP 212   METHODS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

PSPP 231   WOODY ORNAMENTALS

PSPP 232   HERBACEOUS ORNAMENTALS

PSPP 234   HORTICULTURE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

PSPP 242   CROP IDENTIFICATION

PSPP 250   IDENTIFICATION OF SEED PLANTS

PSPP 280   SPECIAL TOPICS

PSPP 289R  UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY INSTRUCTION

PSPP 290R  UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY

PSPP 305   PRACTICAL GENETICS  

PSPP 310   TURFGRASS MANAGEMENT

PSPP 318   BIOMETRY

PSPP 331   PLANTING DESIGN

PSPP 335   SITE DEVELOPMENT

PSPP 336   LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION

PSPP 337   VEGETABLE PRODUCTION

PSPP 338   FRUIT PRODUCTION

PSPP 341   FIELD CROP PRODUCTION

PSPP 342   FORAGES

PSPP 345   ORGANIC MARKET GARDENING

PSPP 421   CONCEPTS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY

PSPP 422   PLANT DISEASE CONTROL

PSPP 423   MYCOLOGY

PSPP 426   PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY

PSPP 429   BIOTECHNOLOGY CAPSPPTONE SEMINAR

PSPP 431   LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT

PSPP 432   POND LANDSCAPE DESIGN

PSPP 433R  PLANT PROPAGATION

PSPP 434   GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT

PSPP 435   NURSERY MANAGEMENT

PSPP 439   HORTICULTURAL WEEDS

PSPP 441   CROP BREEDING

PSPP 450   PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

PSPP 454   AGROSTOLOGY

PSPP 456   PLANT SYSTEMATICS

PSPP 457   PLANT DEVELOPMENT


PSPP 458   PLANT CELL PHYSIOLOGY

PSPP 460   PLANT METABOLISM

PSPP 470   INDEPENDENT STUDY

PSPP 476   INTERNSHIP

PSPP 480   SPECIAL TOPICS

PSPP 489R  UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY

PSPP 490R  UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY

PSPP 500   SEMINAR

PSPP 516   RESEARCH DESIGN AND ANALYSIS

PSPP 518   PLANT VIRUS DISEASES

PSPP 519   PLANT VIRUS DISEASES LAB

PSPP 524   ADVANCED PLANT PATHOLOGY

PSPP 526   PLANT BACTERIAL DISEASES

PSPP 527   PLANT BACTERIAL DISEASES LAB

PSPP 541   ADVANCED PLANT GENETICS

PSPP 542   GENETIC PLANT IMPROVEMENT

PSPP 545   AGRICULTURAL AND MEDICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

PSPP 548   FLOWERING PLANTS OF THE NORTHERN ROCKY MOUNTAINS


PSPP 552   ADVANCED SOIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY

PSPP 570   INDEPENDENT STUDY

PSPP 575   PROFESSIONAL PAPER

PSPP 576   INTERNSHIP

PSPP 580   SPECIAL TOPICS

PSPP 589   GRADUATE CONSULTATION

PSPP 590   MASTER'S THESIS

PSPP 610   STRUCTURAL & FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

PSPP 611   STRUCTURE & MECHANISMS OF COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

PSPP 612   COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS LAB I

PSPP 613   COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS LAB II

PSPP 690   DOCTORAL THESIS

 

PSPP 101CS INTRODUCTION TO BIOTECHNOLOGY
F 3 cr. LEC 2 SEM 1
-- Introduction to an ever-growing industry. Course is designed to demonstrate the significance of biotechnology in today's world. Lecture series presented by research professors, social scientists, and industrial experts. Cross-listed with BIOO 265.

PSPP 102CS PLANT SCIENCE, RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT
S 3 cr. LEC 3
-- Provide an understanding of basic plant science principles and environmental components that impact humankind and develop solutions to problems. Real-life case histories will be emphasized with a career goal emphasis on science, resources, the environment, and the transfer of technologies.

PSPP 131 LANDSCAPE DESIGN HISTORY/THEORY
S 3 cr. LEC 3
-- Introduction to the history of landscape design from ancient civilizations to the present. The evolution of design theory as it relates to visual arts, material palettes, climate, ecology, cultural, and social issues. Current trends in landscape industry and the work of major designers will be studied.

PSPP 212 METHODS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
F,S cr. LAB 4
PREREQUISITE: BIOO 265, PSPP 101.
-- This course will challenge students in the biotech major to learn a series of essential molecular techniques focusing on research and faculty interaction. The techniques learned will be highly applicable to the biotech industry, giving students a post-graduation competitive edge.

PSPP 231 WOODY ORNAMENTALS
F 3 cr. LEC 1 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101 (may be used as a corequisite).
-- Identification characteristics, adaptations and uses of coniferous trees, deciduous trees, coniferous shrubs, deciduous shrubs, and woody vines commonly used as ornamentals in Montana and some species utilized outside of Montana. Lab includes extensive plant walks.

PSPP 232 HERBACEOUS ORNAMENTALS
S 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101.
COREQUISITE: BIOL 101.
-- Identification, characteristics, cultural requirements and ornamental uses of indoor tropical foliage and flowering plants, herbaceous landscape annuals and perennials, flowering bulbs, and water gardening plants.

PSPP 233 TURFGRASS MANAGEMENT(Changed to PSPP 310, effective Fall 05)
F 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101, M 097 or higher.
-- Turfgrass propagation, fertilization, establishment, and maintenance. Recognition and adaptabilities of Northern and Southern turfgrasses used for landscape and sports use. Includes irrigation principles and basic hydraulics, establishment and fertilizer calculations, and pest management. Lab includes experimentation with establishment techniques, equipment calibration, soil testing, and turfgrass maintenance.

PSPP 234 HORTICULTURE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
S 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 102.
-- Anatomy, morphology, phylogeny and physiology of horticultural crops. Provides an in-depth examination of the major fields in horticulture science.

PSPP 242 CROP IDENTIFICATION
F 1 cr. LAB 1
-- Meets first third of semester. Recognition and identification of seed, vegetative parts, and floral structure of the major species of cereals, forage legumes, and grasses.

PSPP 250 IDENTIFICATION OF SEED PLANTS
S 4 cr. LEC 2 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101
-- Identification of conifers, trees and shrubs, and herbaceous seed plants; determination by use of manuals; vocabulary, classification and nomenclature; preparation and collection of seed plant specimens. Cross-listed with BIOL 230.

PSPP 251 BOTANY
F 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101N
-- This course will provide a thorough overview of the fundamentals of plant and fungal biology from evolutionary, ecological, and physiological perspectives. Cross-listed with BIOL 251.

PSPP 252 BOTANY LAB
F 1 cr. LAB 1
COREQUISITE: PSPP 251.
-- This lab will feature plant ecology and also plants that have been used as model organisms in studies of basic biological processes. Cross-listed with BIOL 252.

PSPP 280 SPECIAL TOPICS
On demand 1 - 4 cr. Maximum 12 cr.
PREREQUISITE: None required, but some may be necessary by each offering department.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand before requesting a regular course number.

PSPP 289R UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY INSTRUCTION
F,S,Su 1 - 2 cr. RCT May be repeated. Max 4 cr.
COREQUISITE: PSPP 290.
-- Classroom instruction associated with directed undergraduate research/creative activity projects.

PSPP 290R UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY
F,S 1 - 4 cr. RCT May be repeated
COREQUISITE: Freshman or sophomore standing and approval of instructor.
-- Undergraduate research which may culminate in a research paper, journal article, or other creative project. Course will address responsible conduct of research.

PSPP 305 HORTICULTURAL GENETICS (Change, effective Fall 05)
S 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 102 214.
-- Examination of the modes of inheritance, gene expression and genetic manipulation of eukaryotic organisms, particularly those of flowering plants and mammal. Population genetics, genetic diversity and quantitative genetics are also discussed.

PSPP 310 TURFGRASS MANAGEMENT
3 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101, Quantitative Reasoning Core, and PSPP 234.
-- Turfgrass propagation, fertilization, establishment, and maintenance. Recognition and adaptabilities of Northern and Southern turfgrasses used for landscape and sports use. Includes irrigation principles and basic hydraulics, establishment and fertilizer calculations, and pest management. Lab includes experimentation with establishment techniques, equipment calibration, soil testing, and turfgrass maintenance.

PSPP 318 BIOMETRY
F 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: M 150 and computer literacy.
-- Analysis and interpretation of biological data. Topics include: analysis of frequency data, probability distributions, hypothesis testing, one-way analysis of variance, linear regression, and correlation. Use of computer software in solving problems.

PSPP 331 PLANTING DESIGN
F 3 cr. LEC 1 STU 2
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 231 (may be taken as a corequisite).
-- Graphic communication skills; landscape trends and styles; landscape design principles; and planting design for engineering, architectural, climate control, and aesthetic uses. Emphasis on residential landscape planning. Specification writing and cost estimating for landscape installation.

PSPP 333 LANDSCAPE GRAPHICS
F,S 3 cr. LEC 1 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: ME 116 or TE 230 or AutoCAD experience.
-- Landscape graphic communication including drafting and presentation drawing with computer applications of site analysis, site planning, landscape design, planting design, and irrigation design using LandCADD software.

PSPP 335 SITE DEVELOPMENT
S 4 cr. LEC 3 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: M 150, PSPP 331.
-- Site analysis, site survey, structure siting, roadway and parking lot planning, grading and earthwork modifications, site drainage, pedestrian circulation design. Lab includes practical assistance with problem-solving and field measurement for: site analysis, boundary survey, leveling and topographic survey.

PSPP 336 LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION
S 4 cr. LEC 2 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 331, PSPP 335(may be taken as a corequisite).
-- Understanding of construction materials used to create the built landscape. Design and production of working drawings for walks, patios, steps, ramps, retaining walls, decks, fences, irrigation systems, and other landscape features. Production of landscape construction portfolio which details a complete site development project including cost estimating and bidding for construction.

PSPP 337 VEGETABLE PRODUCTION
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 102 or PSPP 251.
-- Modern production practices for all major temperate-zone vegetable crops, including crop management, crop growth and development, storage, and post-harvest physiology. The class will include production of transplants and detailed discussion of several major vegetable crop families, including Solanaceae, Curcurbitaceae, Brassicaceae, Liliaceae, and the Fabaceae.

PSPP 338 FRUIT PRODUCTION
F alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 102 OR PSPP 251.
-- Modern production practices for all major temperate-zone tree and small fruit, including crop management, fruit crop growth and development, storage, and post-harvest physiology. The class will include a discussion of rootstocks, grafting, pruning, trellising, and quality control as they impact today's fruit production system.

PSPP 341 FIELD CROP PRODUCTION
S alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 102.
-- Production of field crops using practical and applied crop management principles. Emphasis includes understanding of crop management principles and application of problem solving capabilities to field crop management situations.

PSPP 342 FORAGES
F 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 102.
-- Principles of applied forage crop management including establishment, irrigation, fertilization, pests, harvesting, and forage integration of many legume and grass species.

PSPP 421 CONCEPTS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
S 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101.
-- An introductory course in the study of plant diseases. Includes plant pathogens, etiology of disease, and various control strategies.

PSPP 422 PLANT DISEASE CONTROL
S alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 421 or consent of instructor.
-- This course will provide comprehensive coverage of the concepts of integrated management of plant diseases. Concepts covered include regulatory, cultural, chemical, host plant resistance, and biological controls. Students will be introduced to epidemiology and weather-based predictive computer models for use in disease management programs.

PSPP 423 MYCOLOGY
F alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101.
-- This course surveys the immense diversity of fungi, including all major groups with emphasis on structures, life cycles, identification, and ecology. It provides a basis of knowledge for the rapidly expanding relevance of fungi in research, medicine, agriculture, biotechnology, and industry.

PSPP 426 PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
S 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: BCHM 340 or BIOL 301 or PSPP 305.
-- Humans have historically altered plants to meet food and fiber needs. Our ability to transfer genes from organism to organism is accelerating this process. The principles of plant genetic engineering will be discussed along with hands-on laboratory.

PSPP 429 BIOTECHNOLOGY CAPSPPTONE SEMINAR
S 2 cr. SEM 2
PREREQUISITE: Junior or Senior standing.
-- Senior capstone course. Participants in this seminar section will bring closure to the student's required internship. Students will have the opportunity to refine their public speaking and writing skills through synthesis of the goals, progress, and outcome of their industrial or research laboratory experience. Exposure to many different types of internship outcomes will broaden the student's perception of the disciplines which contribute to the field of Biotechnology.

PSPP 431 LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT
F 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101, PSPP 234.
-- Maintenance of landscape plants on public grounds, athletic fields, golf courses, and commercial and residential properties. Includes planting, transplanting, pruning, and fertilization techniques for woody plants. This course synthesizes knowledge from other horticulture studies and related science courses through the writing of papers and essay questions and thorough oral discussion.

PSPP 432 ADVANCED LANDSCAPE DESIGN
F 4 cr. LEC 1 STU 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 331, PSPP 335, PSPP 336.
-- Advanced graphic communication skills, environmental land use planning, master plan design, site specific design, and construction detailing. Individual and group problem-solving skills are stressed through graphic, verbal, and written landscape design solutions.

PSPP 433R PLANT PROPAGATION
S 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: CHMY 121 or 131, PSPP 234.
-- Sexual and asexual reproduction of plants including seed germination, micropropagation, stem and leaf cuttings, grafting, and layering. Includes discussion of the biology and physiology of propagation methods. Lab includes experimentation with the various propagation methods.

PSPP 434 GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT
S 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: CHMY 121 or 131, PSPP 234.
-- Focus is on greenhouse design and operation, including environmental control systems, growing media, irrigation, and fertilization systems. Emphasis on retail and wholesale management strategies and the marketing of greenhouse crops Insect and disease identification and integrated pest management strategies explored. Lab will investigate herbaceous ornamentals and vegetable production techniques.

PSPP 435 NURSERY MANAGEMENT
F alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 2 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing and CHMY 121 or 131, PSPP 234.
-- Addresses all aspects of production of field and container grown ornamental crops including nursery design, environmental concerns, marketing and current issues. A 3-day field trip is mandatory.

PSPP 438 MARKET GARDENING
Su, 3 cr. LEC 1 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 102, LRES 201, and Junior standing.
-- Focus is on the production of quality vegetable, herb, and flower products for sale through local, regional, or non-traditional marketing avenues. Special attention is made to present and analyze sustainable food crop production systems.

PSPP 439 HORTICULTURAL WEEDS
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 4 cr. LEC 3 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 234 and PSPP 250 and CHMY 123.
-- Integrated management of landscape weedy species focusing on weed identification, weed biology and ecology, and biological, cultural and chemical weed control strategies. Includes herbicide families, mode of action and injury symptoms and calculations of rates and calibration of application equipment.

PSPP 441 CROP BREEDING
S alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 301 or PSPP 305.
-- Application of genetic principles in improving important agronomic and horticultural plant species. Traditional methods of hybridization as well as methods of non-sexual gene transfer are included.

PSPP 450 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
S 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, BIOL 101, and one of the following: CHMY 211, CHMY 321, or CHMY 123.
-- Physiological process of higher plants, including photosynthesis, water relations, mineral nutrition, development, stress physiology, and biotechnology. Cross-listed with BIOL 430.

PSPP 452 PLANT ANATOMY
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 1 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, BIOL 101.
-- Advanced plant biology examining structure and functions of plant cells and tissues. Includes experience with plant growth in greenhouse, light microscopy, and an individual project with slide preparation. Cross-listed with BIOL 432.

PSPP 454 AGROSTOLOGY
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 1 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 230.
-- Determination, classification, evolution, and nomenclature of grasses and grass-like plants; morphological and ecological features; preparation of reference specimens. Cross-listed with BIOL 434.

PSPP 456 PLANT SYSTEMATICS
F alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 1 LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 101, BIOL 230.
-- Introduction to the local vascular plant flora emphasizing characteristics of the common families and genera. Lab concentrates on plant identification of common angiosperm plant families in Montana; preparation of about 120 reference specimens taken from the local flora. Cross-listed with BIOL 436.

PSPP 457 PLANT DEVELOPMENT
F alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 301.
-- Cellular and molecular mechanisms of the development of plants. Topics include developmental differences between plants and animals, regulation of gene expression, environmental effects on plant development, and computer modeling of development. Cross-listed with BIOL 437.

PSPP 458 PLANT CELL PHYSIOLOGY
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 301, BCHM 340.
-- The features of plant cells that differentiate them from animal cells are the chief topics covered. These include cell walls, plastids and vacuoles. Other cellular organelles will also be briefly covered, including intra- and inter-cellular communication mechanisms.

PSPP 460 PLANT METABOLISM
S alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 251, BCHM 340
-- In-depth overview of plant metabolism: photosynthesis including C4 and CAM metabolism; intermediary carbon metabolism; lipids; nitrogen and sulfur assimilation and metabolism; amino acid biosynthesis; secondary metabolism (terpenoids, alkaloids, phenylpropanoids, flavonoids); metabolic changes during plant development.

PSPP 470 INDEPENDENT STUDY
On Demand 1 - 3 cr. IND Maximum 6 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

PSPP 476 INTERNSHIP
On Demand 2 - 4 cr. IND Maximum 12 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Junior standing, consent of instructor and approval of department head.
-- An individualized assignment arranged with an agency, business, or other organization to provide guided experience in the field.

PSPP 480 SPECIAL TOPICS
On Demand 1 - 4 cr. Maximum 12 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Course prerequisites as determined for each offering.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one-time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand.

PSPP 489R UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY INSTRUCTION
F,S,Su 1 - 2 cr. RCT May be repeated. Maximum 4 cr.
COREQUISITE: PSPP 490.
-- Classroom instruction associated with directed undergraduate research/creative activity projects.

PSPP 490R UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH/CREATIVE ACTIVITY
F,S 1 - 4 cr. IND
PREREQUISITE: Junior or Senior standing and approval of instructor.
-- Undergraduate research which may culminate in a research paper, journal article, or undergraduate thesis. Course will address responsible conduct of research.

PSPP 500 SEMINAR
F,S 1 cr. SEM Maximum 4 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing or seniors by petition. Course prerequisites as determined for each offering.
-- Students prepare, present, and critique scientific presentations.

PSPP 516 RESEARCH DESIGN AND ANALYSIS
F 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: STAT 401.
-- Data analysis and interpretation of problems unique to agricultural and biological research. Topics include: sample size determination, transformation of data scale, randomized block and Latin square designs, comparisons among means, factorial experiments with restricted randomization and analysis of covariance.

PSPP 518 PLANT VIRUS DISEASES
F alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 3
-- An in-depth study of viruses with emphasis on plant viruses.

PSPP 519 PLANT VIRUS DISEASES LAB
F alternate years, to be offered even years 1 cr. LAB 1
COREQUISITE: PSPP 518.
-- Laboratory exercises related to plant virology.

PSPP 524 ADVANCED PLANT PATHOLOGY
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 3
-- This course is designed to give graduate students in the Department of Plant Sciences & Plant Pathology or other departments a broad survey of plant pathology subject matter at the graduate level and to give all graduate students in PS & PSPP a common experience and introduction to PSPP graduate faculty. This course will serve as a companion to 'Genetic Plant Improvement (PS 542) taught in spring 2006 and alternate years by our plant breeding faculty.

PSPP 526 PLANT BACTERIAL DISEASES
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PS 421.
-- An in-depth study of bacteria and their etiology in causing plant disease.

PSPP 527 PLANT BACTERIAL DISEASES LAB
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 1 cr. LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: PS 421.
COREQUISITE: PSPP 526.
-- Laboratory exercises related to the study of plant bacterial diseases.

PSPP 531 PHYSIOLOGY OF HOST-PARASITE INTERACTIONS
S alternate years, to be offered even years 1 cr. LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: PS 421.
-- Advanced study of the physiological and biochemical aspects of host-parasite interactions.

PSPP 541 ADVANCED PLANT GENETICS
F alternate years, to be offered odd years 4 cr. LEC 3 LAB 1
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 441.
-- Theory and practice of genetic analysis and genome modification in higher plants. Development of familiarity with current and classical literature is stressed as is sound hypothesis formulation and research project planning.

PSPP 542 GENETIC PLANT IMPROVEMENT
S alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: PSPP 441, STAT 401.
-- The past, present and future of plant improvement. Emphasis on genetical principles underlying classical plant breeding, and on molecular biological principles underlying plant genetic engineering.

PSPP 545 AGRICULTURAL AND MEDICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
F alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: BIOL 430 and instructor's permission.
-- A distance delivery course encompassing the theory, principles, and techniques of molecular biology and its applications in modern medicine, agriculture and animal production. Participants will develop an understanding and appreciation of the societal impacts of biotechnology, including the ethical and environmental concerns associated with its implementation.

PSPP 548 FLOWERING PLANTS OF THE NORTHERN ROCKY MOUNTAINS
Su alternate years, to be offered even years 2 cr. LEC 2
-- A field oriented study of the flowering plants of Montana with a emphasis on plant keying skills. Objectives are: 1) to identify the parts of flowering plants and become familiar with botanical terms; 2) to learn morphological characteristics of common plant families; 3) to learn how to use a plant key to successfully identify flowering plants; application of these skills and botanical texts to the classroom. Mon - Tues are class/lecture days; Wed - Fri are day field trips to local trail heads.

PSPP 552 ADVANCED SOIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
S alternate years, to be offered even years 3 cr. LAB 3
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing and instructor's permission.
-- Advanced laboratory course. Microorganisms are targeted for isolation and characterization, emphasizing those not normally encountered in general microbiology laboratory. Biogeochemical cycling, contaminant biodegradation, extremophiles, and plant-microbe interactions are typical topics investigated. Students employ classic and novel cultivation approaches, identifying microbes based morphology, physiology, and phylogeny. Cross-listed with LRES 552.

PSPP 570 INDEPENDENT STUDY
On Demand 1 - 3 cr. IND Maximum 6 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing, consent of instructor, approval of Department Head and Dean of Graduate Studies.
-- Directed research and study on an individual basis.

PSPP 575 PROFESSIONAL PAPER
F,S,Su 1-10 cr. IND 1-10 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing.
-- A research or professional paper or project dealing with a topic in the field. The topic must have been mutually agreed upon by the student and his or her major adviser and graduate committee.

PSPP 576 INTERNSHIP
On Demand 2 - 4 cr. IND Maximum 12 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing, consent of instructor and approval of Department Head, and Dean of Graduate Studies.
-- An individualized assignment arranged with an agency, business or other organization to provide guided experience in the field.

PSPP 580 SPECIAL TOPICS
On Demand 1 - 4 cr. Maximum 12 cr.
PREREQUISITE: Upper division courses and others as determined for each offering.
-- Courses not required in any curriculum for which there is a particular one time need, or given on a trial basis to determine acceptability and demand.

PSPP 589 GRADUATE CONSULTATION
F,S,Su 3 cr. IND
PREREQUISITE: Master's standing and approval of the Dean of Graduate Studies.
-- This course may be used only by students who have completed all of their coursework (and thesis, if on a thesis plan), but who needs additional faculty or staff time help.

PSPP 590 MASTER'S THESIS
F,S,Su 1 - 10 cr. IND Maximum credits unlimited.
PREREQUISITE: Master's standing.

PSPP 610 STRUCTURAL & FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
F 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: College calculus and analytic geometry and two out of three of the following types of course: 1. One year college general chemistry; 2. One year college physics; 3. College biochemistry, molecular and cellular biology, or biophysics; First course of two semester sequence with PSPP 611.
-- The core goal is to integrate understanding of the components of biological systems into quantitative models of the integrated, intact systems. This course will cover meanings of complexity, cell systems, aspects of immune function, proteins and techniques for protein analysis. Cross listed with BCHM 610, BIOL 610, CS 610, M 610, MB 610 and IBID 610.

PSPP 611 STRUCTURE & MECHANISMS OF COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
S 3 cr. LEC 3
PREREQUISITE: Structural and Functional Organization of Complex Biological Systems (PSPP 610); Second course of two semester sequence with PSPP 610.
-- This course will cover genomic analysis and bioinformatics, cell development, cell-cell interactions, modeling in biology, and the nervous system as a complex biological system. Cross listed with BCHM 611, BIOL 611, CS 611, M 611, MB 611 and IMID 611.

PSPP 612 COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS LAB I
F 2 cr. LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: Consent of instructor or CBS program trainee status.
-- Laboratory course designed to be taken concurrently with Structural and Functional Organization Complex Biological Systems (PSPP 610) course. Laboratory course covers elements of experimental design and features experiments complementary to topics covered in the lecture course. Cross listed with BCHM 612, BIOL 612, CS 612, M 612, MB 612 and IMID 612.

PSPP 613 COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS LAB II
S 2 cr. LAB 2
PREREQUISITE: Consent of instructor or CBS program trainee status.
-- Laboratory course designed to be taken concurrently with Structure and Mechanisms of Complex Biological Systems (PSPP 612) course. Laboratory course covers elements of experimental design and features experiments complementary to topics covered in the lecture course. Cross listed with BCHM 613, BIOL 613, CS 613, M 613, MB 613 and IMID 613.

PSPP 690 DOCTORAL THESIS
F,S,Su 1 - 10 cr. IND Maximum credits unlimited.
PREREQUISITE: Doctoral standing.

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