Montana State University
Academics | Administration | Admissions | A-Z Index | Directories

Montana State Universityspacer Mountains and Minds
MSU AcademicsspacerMSU AdministrationspacerMSU AdmissionsspacerMSU A-Z IndexspacerMSU Directoriesspacer
Course Equivalency Tool
> MSU Catalog
Earth Sciences

Department of Earth Sciences

http://www.montana.edu/wwwes/

The department offers the Bachelor of Science degree in Earth Sciences which may be earned in any one of five options (Geography, Geographic Information Science/Planning, Geology, Paleontology, and Snow science). Each option tabulated below requires courses from within the Department of Earth Sciences and courses outside the department. Some of the courses fulfill both department requirements and University Core Curriculum requirements. Academic minors are offered in Spatial Analysis/GIS and Earth Science Teaching (http://www.montana.edu/wwwcat/programs/tminors.html#ESCI"), the TEPP form is at http://www.montana.edu/fieldplacement/TEPPForms/TEPPMinors2010-12/EarthScienceMinor10-12.pdf.

The Department also offers a Master of Science Degree and Doctor of Philosophy in Earth Sciences. Thesis and course work for these graduate degrees usually emphasize some aspect of geology, geography, or geobiology with specific course and research plans approved by a graduate committee. The department collaborates with the interdisciplinary Master of Science in Land Rehabilitation, the Ph.D. Program in Ecology and Environmental Science http://www.montana.edu/eces/ and with the Big Sky Institute.

Geography Option

The Geography Option offers students a liberal university education with an emphasis in geography. The Geography option provides a general education as well as the more specialized knowledge and skills necessary to pursue many career objectives. Geographers find professional opportunities in urban and land use planning as well as spatial analysis in the public and private sectors, analysis of regions, resource and environmental management, as well as the application of geographical skills in map making (cartography), remote sensing, and geographic information science (GIS). Geography also offers an outstanding background for more advanced education in environmental law, international business, resource planning, and other specialized graduate school opportunities. Students may enhance their employment opportunities with a Master's degree, or a Ph.D. if college teaching or advanced research positions are of interest.

The student, in consultation with an adviser, is given the opportunity to develop a program to meet his or her own particular interests and needs through a series of core geography courses and an emphasis in physical or human geography or an approved minor. The Geography Option introduces students to lower division course work in world regional, physical, and human geography. These courses emphasize the importance of spatial relationships, the global distributions of physical and cultural phenomena, the complex interplay between natural and human systems, and the factors contributing to the evolution of the earth's varied landscapes. In addition, advanced skills courses and a capstone course prepare the student to apply their training in a variety of jobs and/or graduate school.

Geology Option

The Geology Option is a degree program designed for students who are motivated to apply the principles of chemistry, physics, and mathematics to the study of the Earth's surface and interior. There are growing opportunities for employment in the public and private sectors in fields such as petroleum geology, mining geology, seismology (including earthquake and volcanic risk assessment), hydrology (surface and ground water) natural-hazard geology, environmental clean-up and containment of environmental hazards, mitigation of future environmental problems related to development, preservation of water resources (both surface and ground water), and the study of the processes of climate change. The optimal degree for employment and advancement in the geological sciences in the private sector is the Master's Degree, and the undergraduate Geology Option is an excellent preparatory degree for graduate study. Some students interested in college teaching or advanced research may require a Ph.D. degree.

In the Geology Option, students are given the opportunity to learn in the tremendous natural laboratory that surrounds Bozeman. Course work progresses from core courses which all students must take (introductory geology, mineralogy, igneous petrology, metamorphic petrology, sedimentary petrology, historical geology, sedimentation and stratigraphy, structural geology, tectonics, geomorphology, two geographic information science courses and field geology (a summer capstone course)) to a variety of elective courses in geology, paleontology, hydrology, and remote sensing. These courses prepare the student for a variety of jobs and/or graduate school.

GIS/Planning Option

The GIS (Geographic Information Science)/Planning Option in the Department of Earth Sciences is designed to offer students a mix of technical skills and academic training that prepares them for careers in local, state, and federal planning as well as opportunities in private consulting firms that are involved in the planning process. The GIS/Planning Option recognizes the growing importance of Geographic Information Systems and Science in our society and how these analytic tools are applied in a wide variety of settings. The GIS/Planning Option takes advantage of excellent GIS facilities, lab space, expertise, and software available on campus and allows students to learn in an active hands-on environment. Students are prepared as map makers (cartographers) spatial analysts, and planners. The Department of Earth Sciences has connections with various local, state, and federal planning agencies within Montana and throughout the West. As part of their training, students may also be able to take advantage of internship opportunities as a way to further prepare for a wide variety of professional careers within the fields of planning and resource management. The optimal degree for employment and advancement in the in GIS/Planning area is the Master's Degree, and this undergraduate option is an excellent preparatory degree for graduate study. Some students interested in college teaching or advanced research may require a Ph.D. degree.

At the Freshman and Sophomore level, students take basic courses in physical and human geography as well as introductory skills classes in GIS and cartography, statistics, intermediate technical writing, and design graphics. In addition, courses in economics and political science lay the foundation for understanding the broader context of the planning process. As juniors and seniors, students complete an advanced 2-course sequence in GIS/Spatial Analysis (GPHY 384/484) and take skills-related coursework in Remote Sensing and in GPS technologies. Students also take courses in geographical planning, tourism and recreational planning, and in the politics of state and local government. All students also complete basic coursework in soils and geomorphology because these variables are critical in the planning process. Electives in advanced classes in urban and economic geography, public/urban policy and political science, water resources, and/or ecology allow students to specialize in areas of particular interest and develop their own emphases in subjects related to the planning process. All students take the Geography Capstone course (GPHY 425) which emphasizes the broad integrative skills of Geography.

Paleontology Option

The paleontology option focuses on understanding fossils within their geologic context, while Montana's geology provides the opportunity for hands-on fieldwork. The paleontology option in the Department of Earth Sciences is designed for those students who have a strong interest in either invertebrate or vertebrate fossils (evolution, biology of ancient organisms, the environment in which the organism lived, and the changes the fossil has undergone since death). Students who study paleontology find employment with natural history museums (e.g. fossil preparation, collection, curation, exhibit design, education), as scientific illustrators, writers, paleontology consultants for energy resource companies, and resource specialists for local, state, and federal land-management agencies or parks. Because students who study this option are trained in core geology courses, employment may be found in areas outside paleontology that require geologic expertise. Graduate training beyond the bachelor's degree desirable for those seeking careers in the paleontology (normally a master's degree) or in teaching and/or research (typically a doctorate).

This option combines training in geology, and paleontology. The paleontology option builds on courses that form the core of the traditional geology option, while providing strong background in paleontology through four required courses (including the paleontology field course) and two elective courses. All of the paleontology courses offered through the department provide upper division credits. Internships and summer field research experience is available to some students. These courses prepare the student for a variety of jobs and/or graduate school.

Snow Science Option

The snow program in the Department of Earth Sciences provides a foundation for understanding the distribution of snow (geography), mechanics of snow (physics, engineering), composition of snow (chemistry), variability of snow (statistics) and ecological effects of snow (ecology, hydrology). It is also one of the best pre-professional programs in the world for those who want to carry their interests in snow into a professional career. Employment ranges from ski patrol, director of snow safety, avalanche-center employee, snow scientist with a federal agency, to work in consulting in the area of land use planning, transportation engineering or avalanche protection. The optimal degree for employment and advancement in snow science is the Master's Degree. Some students interested in college teaching or advanced research may require a Ph.D. degree. The snow science option is an excellent preparatory degree both for employment and for advanced graduate studies.

In the Snow Science Option, students progress through a broad-based core of courses that includes introductory geology and geography, calculus, chemistry, physics, weather and climate, geomorphology, glacial geology, and mountain geography. In addition to the core of snow science courses, students focus on snow geography, snow mechanics, or snow statistics. Snow geography examines spatial analysis of factors important to snow distribution, snow hydrology, snow melt, and the analysis of factors which influence the spatial distribution of snow or snow avalanche factors. Snow mechanics prepares the student to study the mechanics of snow as it relates to transportation, avalanche release, and the impact of snow on buildings (loading and avalanche impact forces), as well as snow metamorphism and snow strength. The snow statistics emphasis prepares the student to apply statistical techniques to questions about spatial and temporal variability of snow properties such as strength, depth, grain size, grain type, water content, and fracture initiation. The capstone course is snow dynamics and accumulation. Students are strongly encouraged to consider a graduate degree in snow science to prepare for professional jobs, but such training is not always required.

Undergraduate Research Participation

Research opportunities are available to undergraduate students who demonstrate the interest and ability. Senior-level students may enroll in ERTH 490 (Undergraduate Research), which provides the opportunity to participate in a research project under the guidance of a faculty member. Successful completion of ERTH 490 credits requires that the student write a senior thesis report and orally present and defend the results in a public forum, such as an annual conference of a professional society. Collaborative opportunities exist with the university's Undergraduate Scholars Program.

Departmental Honors in Earth Sciences

The Department of Earth Sciences awards Departmental Honors at graduation to students who demonstrate exceptional undergraduate performance through the following criteria: 1) a minimum 3.5 grade-point average (GPA) in the major; 2) a minimum 3.0 GPA overall; 3) completion of at least 4 credits of undergraduate research with a grade of "B" or better; and 4) completion of a Senior Thesis (ERTH 490)--written, bound, and orally presented and defended by the last day of classes prior to graduation.


Curricula in Earth Sciences


GEOGRAPHY OPTION

Some courses listed below are offered alternate years. A student's course sequence may differ from that shown depending upon the date the student enters the program and the availability of courses.

Freshman Year Credits
ERTH 101IN--Earth System Science 4
ERTH 102CS--Topics in Earth Science 3
GPHY 141D--Geography of World Regions 3
University Core and Electives 19
30
Sophomore Year Credits
GPHY 121D--Human Geography 3
GPHY 284--Intro to GIS Science & Cartography 3
STAT 216Q--Introduction to Statistics 3
STAT 217Q--Interm Statistical Concept 3
One Year Modern Lang 8
University Core and Electives 10
30
Junior and Senior Years Credits
GPHY 384--Adv GIS and Spatial Analysis 3
ERTH 303--Weather and Climate 3
Capstone Course
Take the following in your senior year:
GPHY 425 --Geographic Thought 3
Selected minor or minor emphasis 21
Take 5 courses from the following and
1 methods course OR 4 courses from
the following and 2 methods courses:
ERTH 307--Principles of Geomorphology 4
ERTH 450R--Snow Dynamic & Accumulation 3
ERTH 455--Physiography of the U.S. 3
GPHY 411--Biogeography 3
GPHY 325--Cultural Geography 3
GPHY 321--Urban Geography 3
GPHY 322--Economic Geography 3
GPHY 365--Geographical Planning 3
GPHY 431--Historical Geography 3
GPHY 461--Tourism Planning 3
GPHY 441R--Mountain Geography 4
GPHY 446--East Asia in the Global System 3
GPHY 445--Regional Geography 3
Methods Courses
GPHY 484R--Appl GIS & Spatial Analysis 3
GPHY 426--Remote Sensing & Digital Image Proc 3
GPHY 357--Fundamentals & Applications in Mapping 3
GPHY 429R--Applied Remote Sensing 3
STAT 411--Appl Mult Regression 3
Capstone Course
Take the following in your senior year:
GPHY 425--Geographic Thought 3
Selected minor or minor emphasis 21
University Core and Electives 20
79

Students, in consultation with their Earth Science advisor, must also select a minor from a minor tabulated in the catalog OR one of the emphases listed below.

Human Geography Emphasis Credits
Take 12 credits from the following:
ANTY 101D--Anth & Human Experience 3
PSCI 210IS--Intro to American Government 3
PSCI 260--Intro to State and Local Govt 3
SOCI 101IS--Introduction to Sociology 3
ECNS 101IS--Economic Way of Thinking 3
ECNS 202--Principles of Macroeconomics 3
ERTH 212RN--Yellowstone Scientific Lab 4
Advisor-approved upper division electives 9

The advisor-approved upper division electives (minimum 9 credits) will be selected from course offerings in Anthropology, Economics, History, Native American Studies, Political Science, Sociology, as well as Earth Science, Geology, and Geography (1 course only). The courses used here cannot be used to fulfill the other course requirements in the Geography Option.

Physical Geography Emphasis Credits
BIOB 170IN--Principles of Biological Diversity 4
CHMY 121IN--Intro to Gen Chemistry 4
GEO 105--Oceanography 3
ENSC 245IN--Soils 3
ERTH 212RN--Yellowstone Scientific Lab 4
Advisor-approved upper division electives 9

The advisor-approved upper division courses (minimum 12 credits) will be selected from course offerings in the Animal and Range Science, Biology, Civil Engineering, Entomology, and Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, as well as Earth Science, Geology, and Geography (1 course only). The courses used here cannot be used to fulfill the other course requirements in the Geography Option.

A minimum of 120 credits is required for graduation; 42 of these credits must be in courses numbered 300 and above.


GEOLOGY OPTION

Freshman Year Credits  
CHMY 141--College Chemistry I    4
CHMY 143--College Chemistry II     4  
ERTH 101IN--Earth System 4
ERTH 102CS--Topics in Earth Science 3  
GEO 211--Early History and Evolution     3  
M 171Q--Calculus I     4
M 172Q--Calculus II     4  
University Core and Electives     3  
30  
 
Sophomore Year Credits  
BIOB 170IN--Principles of Biological Diversity    4
GEO 208IN--Earth Materials 3
GPHY 284--Intro to GIS Science & Cartography     3
GPHY 384--Adv GIS and Spatial Analysis 3  
PHSX 205--College Physics I 4  
PHSX 207--College Physics II 4  
University Core and Electives     9  
30  

Junior Year Credits  
ERTH 303--Weather and Climate 3
ERTH 307--Principles of Geomorphology 4
GEO 302--Mineralog 4
GEO 309--Sedimentation and Stratigraphy     4  
GEO 315--Structural Geology     3  
STAT 332--Stat-Scientist & Engr     3
University Core and Electives     7  
30  
Summer of Junior or Senior Year
     GEO 429--Field Geology 6  
 
Senior Year    
     GEO 433--Global Tectonics 3
     GEO 448--Sedimentary Petrology 3
University Core and Electives    21  
24  
   


Geology Electives
Take 5 courses from the following two blocks, at least three of which must come from the Geology block
  
Geology Block Credits  
Take 3 to 5 courses from the following block*:
     ERTH 450R --Snow Dynamics & Accumulation 4  
     ERTH 494--Seminar 1  
     GEO 310--Invertebrate Paleontology     3  
     GEO 411--Vertebrate Paleontology 3  
     GEO 417--Taphonomy:Fossil Record 3
     GEO 440--Volcanology     3  
     GEO 445--Glacial Geology     3  
     GEO 449--Metamorphic Petrology 3  
     GEO 450--Igneous Petrology 3  
     GEO 490--Undergraduate Research 3  
     GEO 492--Individual Problems**     3  
     GEO 491--Special Topics     3  
     GEO 498--Internship 3  

*You must take ONE of either GEO 449 OR GEO 450 in this block.

**NOTE: Can be repeated, but can only be counted once (each) as a Geology elective.

Geoscience Spatial Methods Block Credits  
1 course from the following can be counted as an elective
     GPHY 484R--Applied GIS & Spatial Analysis 3  
     GPHY 426N--Remote Sensing 3  
     GPHY 357--Fund/Applications in Mapping 3  

A C- is required in all courses in curriculum to graduated by Regents' policy. This includes electives in this curriculum.

A minimum of 120 credits is required for graduation; 42 of these credits must be in courses numbered 300 and above.


GIS/PLANNING OPTION

COURSES REQUIRED IN DEPARTMENT

Freshman Year Credits
ERTH 101IN--Earth System Science 4
ERTH 102CS--Topics in Earth Science 3
GPHY 141D--Geography of World Regions 3
ECNS101IS--Economic Way of Thinking 3
CHMY 121IN or 141--Intro or College Chemistry 4
Take One of the following:
     ECNS 202--Principles of Macroeconomics    3
     ECNS 132--Economics and the Environment 3

University Core and Electives

9
30
Sophomore Year
GPHY 121D--Human Geography 3
GPHY 284--Intro to GIS Science & Cartography 3
ECNS 245IN--Soils 3
PSCI 210IS--Intro to American Government 3
Take EITHER:
    STAT 216Q--Introduction to Statistics 3
    STAT 217Q--Interm Statistical Concepts 3
      OR
    STAT 332--Stats for Scientists& Engineers 3
Take One of the following:
     WRIT 201--College Writing II 3
     WRIT 221--Intermediate Tech Writing 3
Take One of the following:
     EGEN 115 & 116 --Engineering Graphics     2
     TE 230--2-D Computer Aided Drafting 2
     SRVY 230--Intro to Surveying for Engineers 3

University Core and Electives

7 or 10
30
Junior Year
ERTH 303--Weather and Climate 3
ERTH 307--Principles of Geomorphology 4
GPHY 384--Adv GIS and Spatial Analysis 3
GPHY 365--Geographical Planning 3
GPHY 357--Fundamentals & Applications in Mapping 3
GPHY 426--Remote Sensing 3
GPHY 321--Urban Geography    3
GPHY 322--Economic Geography 3

University Core and Electives

8
30
Senior Year
GPHY 425--Geographic Thought 3
GPHY 484R--Applied GIS & Spatial Analysis 3
Take FOUR of the following:
     BIOE 370--General Ecology 3
     NRSM 421--Holistic Thought & Management 3
     NRSM 430--Natural Resources Law 3
     ENSC 444--Watershed Hydrology 3
     GPHY 429R--Applied Remote Sensing 3
     GPHY 457--Advanced GPS Mapping for GIS 3
     GPHY 461--Tourism & Recreational Planning 3
     PSCI 465--Public Admin and Policy 3
     SRVY 375--Analytic Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 2
Additional Advisor-approved 300+ courses in ESCI, GEOG, or LRES 3

University Core and Electives

12 or 13
30

NOTE: A minimum of 120 credits is required for graduation; 42 of these credits must be in courses numbered 300 or above.


SNOW SCIENCE OPTION

COURSES REQUIRED IN DEPARTMENT
Freshman Year Credits
ERTH 101IN--Earth System Science 4
ERTH 102CS--Topics in Earth Science 3
GPHY 141D--Geography of World Regions 3
M 171Q--Calculus I 4
M 172Q---Calculus II 4
University Core and Electives* 11
*Snow Geography concentration take BIOB 170IN
30
Sophomore Year Credits
CHMY 141--College Chemistry I 4
CHMY 143--College Chemistry II 4
PHSX 205 --College Physics I 4
PHSX 207 --College Physics II 4
ERTH 303--Weather and Climate 3
University Core and Electives** 11
Courses from Core and Snow Geography, Mechanics, or Statistics Emphasis
30
Junior Credits
ERTH 307--Principles of Geomorphology 4
Courses from Core and Snow Geography, Mechanics, or Statistics Emphasis 26
30
SENIOR Credits
ERTH 450R--Snow Dynamics & Accumulation 4
GPHY 441R--Mountain Geography 4
GEO 445--Glacial Geology 3
Courses from Core and Snow Geography, Mechanics, or Statistics Emphasis 19
30
SELECT ONE OF THE FOLLOWING THREE EMPHASES

Snow Geography Emphasis

Credits
BIOB 170IN--Biological Diversity 3
GPHY 121D--Human Geography 3
GPHY 284--Intro to GIS Science & Cartography 3
STAT 332*--Stat for Scientists & Engineers 3
*Students with a grade less than B in calculus might consider the STAT 216Q or STAT 217Q rather than STAT 332
GPHY 365--Geographical Planning 3
GPHY 384--Advanced GIS & Spatial Analysis 3
GPHY 411--Biogeography 3
GPHY 484R--Applied GIS & Spatial Analysis 3
GPHY 461--Tourism Planning 3
ENSC 444--Watershed Hydrology 3
STAT 446--Sampling 3 3
STAT 446--Sampling 3

Additional 2 credits of upper division credits needed to graduate

Snow Mechanics Emphasis

Credits
EGEN 350--Applied Engr Data Analysis 2
M 273Q--Multivariable Calculus 4
M 274--Intro to Differential Equations 4
EGEN 201--Engineering Mechanics - Statistics 3
EGEN 202--Engineering Mechanics-Dynamics 3
EGEN 205--Mechanics of Materials 3
EGEN 335--Fluid Mechanics 3
EGEN 435--Fluid Dynamics 3
ECIV 312--Structures I 3
ECIV 320--Geotechnical Engineering 3
ECIV 331--Engineering Hydrology 2
ECIV 332--Engineering Hydraulics 2
36
Additional 5 upper division credits needed to graduate

Snow Statistics Emphasis

Credits
M 221--Matrix Theory 3
GPHY 284—Intro to GIS & Cartography 3
GPHY 384—Advanced GIS & Spatial Analysis 3
GPHY 365—Geographical Planning 3
OR
GPHY 484R—Applied GIS & Spatial Analysis 3
ENSC 444—Watershed Hydrology 3
ENSC 445—Watershed Analysis 3
STAT 446—Sampling 3
STAT 411—Data Analysis I 3
STAT 431—Nonparametric Statistics 3
OR
STAT 412—Methods of Data Analysis II 3
STAT 436—Introduction to Time Series 3
STAT 437—Introduction to Multivariate Analysis 3
GPHY 490—Undergraduate Research 3
OR 3
GEO 499—Senior Thesis 3
36

Notes:
Statistics is integral to snow science and students with an interest in numerical analysis are encouraged to take this option.

A C- is required in all curriculum courses to graduate by Regents' policy. This includes electives in this curriculum.

This option meets the requirements for a Statistics Minor.

A minimum of 120 credits is required for graduation; 42 of these credits must be in courses numbered 300 or above.

All offerings are dependent upon available staffing.


PALEONTOLOGY OPTION

COURSES REQUIRED IN DEPARTMENT
Freshman Year Credits
CHMY 141--College Chemistry I 4
CHMY 143--College Chemistry II 4
ERTH 101IN--Earth System Science 4
ERTH 102CS--Topcis in Earth Science 3
GPHY 111CS--Intro to Physical Geography 4
GEO 211--Early History and Evolution 4
M 171Q---Calculus I 4
M 172Q---Calculus II 4
University Core and Electives 3
30
Sophomore Year Credits
BIOB 170IN--Principles of Biological Diversity 4
GEO 208IN--Earth Materials 3
GPHY 284--Intro to GIS Science & Cartography 3
GPHY 384--Adv GIS and Spatial Analysis 3
PHSX 205-- College Physics I 4
PHSX 207-- College Physics II 4
University Core and Electives 9
30

 

Junior Credits
ERTH 303--Weather and Climate 3
ERTH 307--Principles of Geomorphology 4
GEO 302--Mineralogy 4
GEO 309--Sedimentation and Stratigraphy 4
GEO 315--Structural Geology 4
STAT 332--Stat for Scientist & Engineers 3
University Core and Electives 9
30
Summer of Junior or Senior Year
GEO 429--Field Geology 6
SENIOR Credits
GEO 433--Global Tectonics 3
GEO 448--Sedimentary Petrology 3
University Core and Electives 18
94
UPPER DIVISION PALEONTOLOGY COURSE ELECTIVES

In order to complete the Paleontology Option, students complete the following course requirements, in addition to those listed above.

REQUIRED COURSES
Credits
GEO 310-- Invertebrate Paleontology 3
GEO 330--Paleontology Lab Techniques 2
GEO 411-- Vertebrate Paleontology 3
GEO 417-- Taphonomy:Fossil Preservation 3
GEO 419* --Field Paleontology 2

*Taken during summer of Sophomore or Junior year

ELECTIVE COURSES

It is strongly recommended that students take a minimum of two of the following courses:

Credits
BIOO 310--Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4
ERTH 494--Seminar 1
GEO 312--Dinosaur Paleontology 3
GEO 413--Macroevolution/Fossil Record 3
GEO 449--Metamorphic Petrology 3
GEO 450--Igneous Petrology 3
GEO 490--Undergraduate Research 3
GEO 491--Special Topics - Paleontology 3
GEO 492--Individual Problems** 3
GEO 498--Internship 3
GPHY 411--Biogeography 3
GPHY 357--Fundamental Applications 3

NOTE:
Only GEO 491 courses that cover a specific paleontology topic are applicable.

A C- minimum is required in all curriculum courses to graduate by Regents' policy. This includes electives in the curriculum.

A minimum of 120 credits is required for graduation; 42 of these credits must be in courses numbered 300 or above.


Geographic Information Science (GIS) MINOR (NON-TEACHING)

NOT AVAILABLE TO GEOGRAPHY MAJORS

GPHY 284--Intro to GIS Science & Cartography     3
GPHY 384--Adv GIS and Spatial Analysis      3
GPHY 484R--Applied GIS & Spatial Analysis     3
GPHY 357--Fund/Applications in Mapping      3
GPHY 426--Remote Sensing      3
Credits 15
Take One of the following:
     STAT 217Q--Intermediate Statistics      3
     STAT 332--Stats for Scientists & Engineers      3
Take Two of the following:
     SRVY 230--Intro to Surveying for Engineers 3
     TE 230--2-D Computer Aided Drafting     2
     STAT 408 --Stat Computing & Graph Analysis      3
     SRVY 375 --Analytic Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 2
     GPHY 429R --Applied Remote Sensing 3
     GPHY 457 --Adv GPS Mapping for GIS 3
     GPHY 492--Independent Study     3
Minimum Credits 5
Minimum Total Credits 23

Note:
A C- minimum is required in all curriculum courses to graduate by Regents' policy. This includes electives in the curriculum.


WATER RESOURCES MINOR (NON-TEACHING)

The Water Resources Minor is designed to encourage a student from any discipline to explore water resources beyond course work in their major. As a result, the minor includes courses from the College of Agriculture, the College of Engineering, and the College of Letters and Science. The minor is administered by a board with the following representatives: Brian McGlynn (Agriculture and Outreach), Michael Brody (Education), Otto Stein (Engineering), Jerry Johnson (Letters and Science), and the Chair of the Board from Letters and Science. Any board member may serve as an advisor for the minor. The chair of the board serves as the curriculum review officer and signs the Application for a Non-teaching Minor form approved and forwarded by the other advisors.

This minor requires a minimum of 21 credits. The courses below are broadly grouped into biology courses, physical courses and chemical courses about water. Students are encouraged to create a diverse program. No more than 12 credits may be used to simultaneously fulfill both Water Resources Minor requirements, University Core and the student's major. The student's major advisor must certify that the 12 credit restriction is not exceeded. Students can petition the Water Resources Minor Board to add a course. The petition should explain the linkage to water resources. Course substitutions are allowed only by appeal to and approval by the Water Resources Minor Administrative Board and should be sent to the Chair of the Board after review by one of the advisors. The written appeal should identify the substitution and present a brief rationale.

ECNS 132--Econ & the Environment     3
ECNS 332--Econ of Natural Resources     3
NRSM 430--Natural Resource Law 3
ECNS 432R--Benefit-Cost Analysis 3
HSTA 470--American Environmental History     3
PSCI 362--Natural Resource Policy 3
PSCI 408--Environmental Politics 3
ENSC 272CS--Introduction to Water Resources 3
BIOE 103CS--Environmental Science & the Environment 3
BIOE 370--General Ecology 3
BIOE 427--Aquatic Field Ecology 3
BIOE 428--Freshwater Ecology 3
BIOE 439--Stream Ecology 3
NRSM 455--Riparian Ecology & Management 3
WILD 201--Intro to Fish/Wildlife Mgmt 1
WILD 301--Prin of Fish/Wildlife Mgmt 3
ERTH 102CS--Topics in Earth Science 3
ECIV 331--Engineering Hydrology 2
EENV 340--Principles of Environmental Engineering 3
EENV 432--Advanced Engineering Hydrology 3
EENV 434--Groundwater Supply and Remediation 3
EENV 440--Water Chemistry for Environmental Engineers 3
EENV 441--Natural Treatment Systems 3
EENV 445--Hazardous Waste Treatment 3
EENV 447--Hazardous Waste Management 3
ENSC 245IN--Soils 3
ENSC 448--Stream Restoration Ecology 3
ERTH 303--Weather and Climate 3
ERTH 450R--Snow Dynamic & Accumulation 4
ECHM 205CS--Energy and Sustainability 3
ENSC 370--Water Quality 3
ENSC 353--Environmental Biogeochemistry 3
ENSC 444--Watershed Hydrology 3
ENSC 445--Watershed Analysis 3
ENSC 465--Environmental Biophysics 3
ENSC 468--Ecosystem Biochemistry 3
Any 290, 291, 490,491, 492, 498, or 499 course(s) related to water may be used in the minor 1-6
Total Minimum Required Credits 21

Note:
A C- minimum is required in all curriculum courses to graduate by Regents' policy. This includes electives in the curriculum.



> Back to Table of Contents


View Text-only Version Text-only Updated: 07/19/2012
spacer
© Montana State University 2006 Didn't Find it? Please use our contact list or our site index.