| by Annette Trinity-Stevens
Four Montana Indian reservations will begin projects to revitalize tribal languages and
cultures using methods unheard of a generation ago.
Starting this fall, the Northern Cheyenne, Crow, Rocky Boy and Fort Belknap reservations
will begin equipping schools, senior centers and field museums with computers, scanners
and related equipment.
One goal of the project, funded by the U.S. Department of Commerce, is to make high-end
digital equipment available for training reservation residents who constitute one of
the country's digitally underserved populations, said Kim Obbink of the Burns
Telecommunications Center at Montana State University in Bozeman.
Burns Center staff submitted a proposal to the Commerce Department's Technology Opportunities
Program that brought the $1.6 million project to Montana. Half of the funds comes from the
federal government. The other half comes from MSU as matching funds.
But another goal is for the tribes to apply the multimedia technology to cultural
projects of their choice, said Terry Driscoll, a program manager at the Burns Center.
Tribal members could record sacred songs and oral histories, for example, or create
virtual museums. They could make web pages or take digital photos of beadwork and art
work. They could videotape dances or put classes on speaking native languages on CD-ROMs.
"This is a perfect use of these kinds of tools and technologies," said Burns Center director
"I like to think of this as a way to maintain and revitalize culture and language," said
Mike Jetty, an adjunct instructor of multicultural education at MSU-Bozeman and a consultant
for the three-year project.
"It¹s a finite resource moving down those tracks pretty fast," said Jetty, referring to
the number of elders, knowledgeable of tribal history, language and customs, who are getting
older and passing on.
By the year 2050, fewer than 12 Indian languages will be spoken in the U.S., said Jetty.
Today there are 300.
"This is one way tribes can project themselves into the future," said Jetty, of Spirit
Lake Dakota and Turtle Mountain descent. ³It puts tools and training into the community,
and those will stay there after the grant ends."
Called Montana Indian Technology and Cultural Heritage Learning Centers, the program
mirrors efforts a few years ago among six Montana tribal communities to digitize cultural
information and create web pages. Fort Peck tribal elder James Turning Bear, for example,
recorded the Ihanktowanna language spoken by his ancestors. He scanned and digitally restored
a crumpled photograph of his grandfather and posted it on his website.
But the new grant puts the equipment at several locations on each of the four reservations,
rather than requiring people to come to the Burns Center. The grant also will provide training
and support to people who will staff technology learning centers located at a tribal college or
elementary school, said Driscoll.
Learning center staff will teach classes on web page development, digitizing images and sound,
networking, creating Quick Time virtual reality presentations and panoramas, and using the
World Wide Web.
Tribal youth will be tapped to help teach elders how to use the equipment packages, but the
greatest interest in using the technology for cultural uses may come from older generations.
Driscoll said her presentation on a similar digital project drew a standing-room-only crowd
of elderly Native Americans at October's National Indian Education Association conference in
"It's this generation that's excited and sees the need to do this," Driscoll said.
The Northern Cheyenne reservation will be the first to install equipment, followed by the
Crow, Fort Belknap and Rocky Boy reservations at approximately nine-month intervals. The
grant ends Sept. 30, 2004.
Driscoll said only four of Montana's seven reservations were included in the grant because
the Commerce Department limited proposals to three years and $900,000 of federal money.
But other reservations have expressed interest in the technology centers and are working
with the Burns Center to find funds.
Annette Trinity-Stevens is the director of research
communications at MSU.