News and Events

Modeling & Mapping


  • Development of numerical models for fluid dynamics and reactive transport of CO2 in geologic formations

  • Development of realistic reservoir models for different geologies and including reservoir heterogeneities

  • Identification and assessment of the importance and rates of trapping mechanisms

  • Modeling for risk assessment including all potential pathways to the biosphere

  • Development of reservoir management strategies that ensure storage security

Research Efforts by Geologic Storage Formation Type:

Models and Computational Tools Being Developed

  • Scalable computing of CO2 migration and storage in geologic formations
  • CO2 storage reservoir assessments and analysis of CO2 loading
  • Science-based prediction of performance of engineered geologic CO2 storage sites
  • Process-system integration modeling
  • GeoStoreEstimator: A model for predicting solubility and residual gas trapping
  • Predictive modeling of the fate of CO2 in subsurface environments:
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  • Development of monitoring technologies (for decades of storage, annual leakage rates must be sub 0.01% requiring ultra-trace detectors for CO2

  • Integrated surface and sub-surface monitoring, measurement, and verification systems

  • Measurement of CO2 behavior for verification of numerical model

  • Development and testing of seepage / leakage countermeasures

Research Efforts:

  • DIAL: Differential absorption LIDAR for monitoring CO2 concentrations
  • Surface seepage detection
  • Geophysical monitoring and verification of CO2 storage projects
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Basic Science


  • Laboratory based experiments to measure geophysical and geochemical processes, rates, and thermodynamics for both reservoir rocks and caprock

  • Measurement of basic properties for parameterization of numerical models

Research Efforts:

  • Monitoring approaches for key potential release pathways
  • Biofilms, a leakage countermeasure
  • Development of methods and materials for sealing grouted boreholes to CO2 leakage
  • Remediation options
  • Residual gas and solubility trapping experiments
  • Mitigation strategies for key potential release pathways
  • Process-level hydrogeochemical phenomena (theory, experiment, computation)
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ZERT Research by Institution

Montana State University(MSU)
West Virginia University (WVU)
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)