Zbignew Lewandowski


Ph.D.   Environmental Engineering Polish National Academy of Sciences 1976
M.S.    Sanitary Engineering Technical University of Gliwice, Poland 1969


1996 ‐ present Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Montana State University
1992 ‐ 1996 Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Montana State University
1990 ‐ 1992 Associate Director for Research and Research Professor, Center for Biofilm Engineering, Montana State University
1986 ‐ 1990 Senior Research Engineer, Institute for Biological & Chemical Process Analysis, Montana State University
1985 ‐ 1986 Visiting Scientist, U.S. National Academy of Sciences
1970 ‐ 1985 Various research and administrative positions, Polish Academy of Sciences


  • Fundamentals of Biofilm Research. Z. Lewandowski and H. Beyenal. CRC Press Inc. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, 2007
  • Special Edition of Water Science and Technology on Biofilm Structure ad Activity (2005). Editors: Z. Lewandowski and H. Beyenal. 52,7,2005. ISSN 0273 ‐ 1223
  • Biofouling and Biocorrosion in Industrial Water Systems. G.Geesey, Z. Lewandowski, H ‐ C.Flemming (Ed.). CRC Press Inc. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, 1994


  • Dewan A., Beyenal H., Lewandowski Z. Scaling up microbial fuel cells. Environmental Science and Technology. 42:7643 – 7648 (2008).
  • Angathevar Veluchamy R. R., Beyenal H. Lewandowski Z. Characterizing temporal development of biofilm porosity using artificial neural networks. Water Science and Technology. 57:1867 – 1872 (2008).
  • Lewandowski Z., Beyenal H., Myers J., Stookey D. (2007). The effect of detachment on biofilm structure and activity: the oscillating pattern of biofilm accumulation. Water Science and Technology. 55:429 ‐ 436 (2007).
  • Marsili, E., Beyenal, H., Di Palma, L., Merli, C., Dohnalkova, A., Amonette, J.E., Lewandowski, Z. (2007). Uranium immobilization by sulfate reducing biofilm grown on hematite, dolomite, and calcite. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41:8349–8354 (2007).
  • Rani, S.A., B. Pitts, H. Beyenal, R.A. Veluchamy, Z. Lewandowski, W.M. Davison, K. Buckingham ‐ Meyer, and P.S. Stewart, "Spatial Patterns of DNA Replication, Protein Synthesis and Oxygen Concentration Within Bacterial Biofilms Reveal Diverse Physiological States," J. Bacteriol., 189(11):4223 ‐ 4233 (2007)
  • Menicucci J., Beyenal H., Marsili E., Angathevar Veluchamy R.R , Demir G. and Lewandowski Z. (2006) A procedure for determining maximum sustainable power generated by microbial fuel cells. Environmental Science and Technology 40:1062 – 1068.
  • Marsili E., Beyenal H., De Palma L., Merli C., Dohnalkova A., Amotette J., Lewandowski Z. (2005) Uranium removal by sulfate reducing biofilms in the presence of carbonates. Wat. Sci. Tech. 52:49 ‐ 58.
  • Shantaram A., Beyenal H., Angathevar Veluchamy R., Lewandowski Z. (2005). Wireless sensors powered by microbial fuel cells. Environmental Science and Technology. 39:5037 ‐ 5042.
  • Rhoads A., Beyenal H., Lewandowski Z. (2005). A Microbial Fuel Cell Using Anaerobic Respiration As An Anodic Reaction And Biomineralized Manganese As A Cathodic Reactant. Environmental Science and Technology. 39:4666 – 4671.
  • Lewandowski Z., Beyenal H. (2005). Biofilms: Their structure, activity, and effect on membrane filtration. Water Science and Technology. 51:181 ‐ 192.
  • Beyenal H., Lewandowski Z. (2005). Modeling mass transport and microbial activity in stratified biofilms. Chemical Engineering Science. 60:4337 ‐ 4348
  • Campbell S. Geesey G., Lewandowski Z., Jackson G. (2004) Influence of the distribution of the manganese oxidizing bacterium, Leptothrix discophora, on ennoblement of type 316L stainless steel. Corrosion, 60:670 ‐ 680
  • Beyenal, H., Donovan, C., Lewandowski, Z., and Harkin, G. (2004) Three ‐ dimensional biofilm structure quantification. Journal of Microbiological Methods 59 (3), 395 ‐ 413.
  • Beyenal H., Lewandowski Z.(2004). Dynamics of lead immobilization in sulfate reducing biofilms. Water Research. 38:2726 ‐ 2736.
  • Beyenal H., Sani R.K., Peyton B., Dohnalkova A.C., Amonette J., Lewandowski Z. (2004). Uranium immobilization by sulfate reducing biofilms. Environmental Science and Technology. 38:2067 ‐ 2074.
  • Beyenal H., Lewandowski Z., Harkin G. (2004). Quantifying biofilm structure: facts and fiction. Biofouling. 20:1 ‐ 23.
  • Beyenal H., Davis C.C., Lewandowski Z. (2004). An improved Severinghaus ‐ type carbon dioxide microelectrode for use in biofilms. Sensors and Actuators. B97, 202 ‐ 210.
  • Lewandowski Z., H. Beyenal and D. Stookey. (2004). Reproducibility of Biofilm Processes and the Meaning of Steady State in Biofilm Reactors. Water Science and Technology 2004; 49(11):359–364.
  • Jesaitis J.J., Franklin M.J. Berglund D., Sasaki M., Connie I.L., Bleazard J.B., Duffy J.E., Beyenal H., Lewandowski Z. (2003). Compromised host Defense on Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms: Characterization of neutrophil and biofilm interactions. The Journal of Immunology, 2003, 171:4329 ‐ 4339.
  • Yurt N., Beyenal H., Sears J., Lewandowski Z. (2003). Quantifying selected growth parameters of Leptothrix discophora SP ‐ 6 in biofilms from oxygen concentration profiles. Chemical Engineering Science. 58:4557 ‐ 4566
  • Shi X., Avci R., Geiser M., Lewandowski Z. (2003). Comparative study in chemistry of Microbially and electrochemically induced pitting of 316L stainless steel. Corrosion Science 45 (2003) 2577 ‐ 2595.
  • Lewandowski Z., Cloete T.E., Dexter S.C., Dickinson W.H., Kikuchi Y., Little B., Mansfeld F., Rossmoore H., Sand W., Videla H.A. (2003) MIC Issues: Commentary from the Corrosion 2002 MIC Panel Discussion. Corrosion 2003. Paper #03560. NACE International.
  • Campbell S., Geesey G., Lewandowski Z., Jackson G. (2003). Influence of the Distribution of the Manganese Oxidizing Bacterium, Leptothrix discophora, on Ennoblement of 316L Stainless Steel. Corrosion 2003. Paper #03566. NACE International.
  • Lewandowski Z., Beyenal H. (2003). Biofilm monitoring: a perfect solution in search of a problem. Water Science & Technology 47:9–18
  • Webb D, Hamilton M.A., Harkin G.J., Lawrence S, Camper A.K., Lewandowski Z. (2003) Assessing technician effects when extracting quantities from microscope images. J Microbiol Methods. 53:97 ‐ 106
  • Beyenal H., Chen S.N., Lewandowski Z. (2003). The double substrate growth kinetics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Enzyme and Microbial Technology: 32:92 ‐ 98.
  • Search the CBE Publications database for more of Dr. Lewandowski's papers.