The map below identifies each of Montana's seven American Indian reservations as well as each of the tribes on those lands. As you examine the map further, what else do you notice?

Montana map of tribal territories

Map long description: This map shows the tribal boundaries defined by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 and the Flathead and Blackfeet Treaties of 1885. The state is generally divided into two common hunting ground regions in the southwest and northeast corners of the state and the following tribal territories:

  1. Kootenai – located on the western side of the state
  2. Pend d’Oreille & Salish – located on the western side of the state
  3. Confederated Reserve, 1855, Flathead (Salish) – located on the western side of the state
  4. Blackfeet & Gros Ventre – located in the north-central part of the state
  5. Crow – located in the south-central part of the state
  6. Assiniboine – located on the eastern side of the state
  7. Hidatsa, Mandan & Arikara – located on the eastern side of the state

The tribes and the names they call themselves are listed below the map and include:

  1. Salish / Sélish
  2. Pend d’Oreille / Ql̓ispé
  3. Kootenai / Ksanka
  4. Blackfeet / Niitsitapi (Pikuni)
  5. Chippewa (Ojibwe) / Annishinabe
  6. Plains Cree / Ne-i-yah-wahk
  7. Gros Ventre / A’aninin
  8. Assiniboine / Nokado, Nakona
  9. Sioux / Lakota, Dakota
  10. Northern Cheyenne / Tsetsêhesêstâhase and So'taa'eo'o
  11. Crow / Apsáalooke
  12. Little Shell Chippewa / Annishinabe and Métis

The boundaries for Montana’s present-day reservations, their tribal capital, and the tribes located on these lands today are:

  1. Flathead Reservation (Pablo) – Salish, Pend d’Orielle, Kootenai tribes
  2. Blackfeet Reservation (Browning) – Blackfeet tribe
  3. Rocky Boy’s Reservation (Rocky Boy Agency) – Chippewa Cree tribe
  4. Fort Belknap Reservation (Ft. Belknap) – Gros Ventre and Assiniboine tribe
  5. Fort Peck Reservation (Poplar) – Assiniboine and Sioux tribes
  6. Northern Cheyenne Reservation (Lame Deer) – Northern Cheyenne tribe
  7. Crow Reservation (Crow Agency) – Crow tribe
  8. Little Shell Chippewa Tribal Capital (landless, but headquartered in Cascade County) – Little Shell Band of Chippewa

 

The reservations are all significantly smaller than the original lands occupied by the tribes in the 1850’s.

This disclaimer is provided at the bottom of the map: “Boundaries shown on this map reflect the demarcation of territories by non-Indian officials at treaty time and do not accurately represent tribal territories occupied in the 1850’s.”

Last modified: Monday, January 14, 2019, 12:39 PM