Parenting Behaviors, Parent Heart Rate Variability, and Their Associations with Adolescent Heart Rate Variability


Rebecca A Graham, Brandon G Scott, Carl F Weems


Journal of Youth and Adolescence


Adolescence is a potentially important time in the development of emotion regulation and parenting behaviors may play a role. We examined associations among parenting behaviors, parent resting heart rate variability, adolescent resting heart rate variability and parenting behaviors as moderators of the association between parent and adolescent resting heart rate variability. Ninety-seven youth (11-17 years; 49.5?% female; 34?% African American, 37.1?% Euro-American, 22.6?% other/mixed ethnic background, and 7.2?% Hispanic) and their parents (n?=?81) completed a physiological assessment and questionnaires assessing parenting behaviors. Inconsistent discipline and corporal punishment were negatively associated with adolescent resting heart rate variability, while positive parenting and parental involvement were positively associated. Inconsistent discipline and parental involvement moderated the relationship between parent and adolescent resting heart rate variability. The findings provide evidence for a role of parenting behaviors in shaping the development of adolescent resting heart rate variability with inconsistent discipline and parental involvement potentially influencing the entrainment of resting heart rate variability in parents and their children.



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