Screened Charge Carrier Transport in Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films
Andrew H. Hill, Kori E. Smyser, Casey L. Kennedy, Eric S. Massaro, Erik M. Grumstrup
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
While organometal halide perovskites are promising for a variety of optoelectronic applications, the morphological and compositional defects introduced by solution processing techniques have hindered efforts at understanding their fundamental properties. To provide a detailed picture of the intrinsic carrier transport properties of methylammonium lead iodide without contributions from defects such as grain boundaries, we utilized pump–probe microscopy to measure diffusion in individual crystalline domains of a thin film. Direct imaging of carrier transport in 25 individual domains yields diffusivities between 0.74 and 1.77 cm2 s–1, demonstrating single-crystal-like, long-range transport characteristics in a thin film architecture. We also examine the effects of excitation density on carrier diffusivity, finding that transport is nearly independent of photoexcited carrier density between 6 × 1017 cm–3 and 4 × 1019 cm–3. Transport modeling of the observed density independence suggests that strong carrier-phonon scattering coupled with a large static relative permittivity is responsible for the unusual transport characteristics of methylammonium perovskite.
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