Two-Photon Spectroscopy of a Series of Platinum Acetylides: Conformation-Induced Ground-State Symmetry Breaking
Thomas M. Cooper, Joy E. Haley, Douglas M. Krein, Aaron R. Burke, Jonathan E. Slagle, Aleksandr Mikhailov, Aleksandr Rebane
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A
With the goal of elucidating electronic and conformational effects on structure-spectroscopic property relationships in platinum acetylides, we synthesized a series of nominally centrosymmetric chromophores trans-Pt(PBu3)2(C?C-Phenyl-X)2, where X = diphenylamino (DPA), NH2, OCH3, t-Bu, CH3, H, F, benzothiazole (BTH), CF3, CN, and NO2. We collected one- and two-photon absorption spectra and also performed density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent (TD) DFT calculations on the ground- and excited-state properties of these compounds. The DFT calculations revealed facile rotation between the two ligands, suggesting that the compounds exhibit nonplanar ground-state conformations in solution. TDDFT calculation of the S1 state energy and transition dipole moment for a nonplanar conformation gave good agreement with experiment. Two-photon absorption spectra obtained from these compounds allowed estimation of the change of permanent electric dipole moment upon vertical excitation from ground state to S1 state. The values are small ?? < 1.0 D for neutral substituents such as CH3, H, and F but increase sharply to ?? ? 11 D for electron-accepting NO2. When in a nonplanar conformation, the corresponding calculated ?? values showed good agreement with the experimental data indicating that the two-photon spectra result from nonplanar ground-state conformations. Previously studied related chromophores having extended conjugation ( Rebane, A.; Drobizhev, M.; Makarov, N. S.; Wicks, G.; Wnuk, P.; Stepanenko, Y.; Haley, J. E.; Krein, D. M.; Fore, J. L.; Burke, A. R.; Slagle, J. E.; McLean, D. G.; Cooper, T. M. J. Phys. Chem. A 2014 , 118 , 3749 - 3759 ) show similar dependence of ?? on the substituents, which allows us to conclude that the excited-state properties of these floppy chromophores are a function of the electronic properties of the substituents, ligand size, and nonplanar molecular conformation.
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