Mechanistic Studies of Radical SAM Enzymes: Pyruvate Formate-Lyase Activating Enzyme and Lysine 2,3-Aminomutase Case Studies
Amanda S. Byer, Elizabeth C. McDaniel, Stella Impano, William E. Broderick, Joan B. Broderick
Methods of Enzymology
The radical SAM enzyme superfamily is large and diverse, with ever-increasing numbers of examples of characterized reactions. This chapter focuses on the methodology we have developed over the last 25 years for working with these enzymes, with the specific examples discussed being the pyruvate formate-lyase activating enzyme (PFL-AE) and lysine 2,3-aminomutase (LAM). Both enzymes are purified from overexpressing Escherichia coli, but differ in that PFL-AE is expressed without an affinity tag and does not require iron-sulfur cluster reconstitution, while LAM purification is carried out through use of a His6 affinity tag and the enzyme benefits from cluster reconstitution. Because of radical SAM enzymes' catalytic need for a [4Fe-4S] cluster, we present methods for characterization and incorporation of a full [4Fe-4S] cluster in addition to enzyme activity assay protocols. Synthesis of SAM (S-adenosyl-l-methionine) and its analogs have played an important role in our mechanistic studies of radical SAM enzymes, and their synthetic methods are also presented in detail.
How is this information collected?
This collection of Montana State authored publications is collected by the Library to highlight the achievements of Montana State researchers and more fully understand the research output of the University. They use a number of resources to pull together as complete a list as possible and understand that there may be publications that are missed. If you note the omission of a current publication or want to know more about the collection and display of this information email Leila Sterman.