Feeding My Infant: 6 to 12 Months
Introducing Solid Foods
Solid foods or "complementary foods" are introduced to infants when they are developmentally ready. This is typically around 6 months of age and not before 4 months of age. Introducing solid foods helps infants learn about eating, giving them new experiences with taste and texture, and strengthens skills needed for language.
- Save money by preparing infant food at home.
- Introduce one single-ingredient food at a time. Wait 3-5 days before introducing another
new food, observing for potential
allergic reactions to the food.
- Introduce foods from all the food groups.
Foods can be started in any order.
- Choose nutrient-dense foods. Most calories still come from human milk or iron-fortified
infant formula for much of the first year of
life, but by 6 months infants are no longer
meeting their iron needs from just human
milk or iron-fortified infant formula.
- Always talk to your health care provider if you have any questions about feeding your infant.
- Do not force-feed food that is not accepted. It may take 8-10 interactions with a new food before your infant tries it.
- Use infant-friendly dishware and utensils.
Make sure dishware and utensils are small and made from non-toxic, unbreakable material.
- Let your infant try to feed themselves with the spoon with your assistance, and offer “finger foods”, small pieces of soft food lessthan 1/2 inch wide.
- Be patient. Infants make a mess when they feed themselves and it can take longer for them to eat at this age.
Major food allergens, such as wheat and fish, can be given to infants as complementary foods if the infant is not high-risk for developing a food allergy. Introducing allergenic foods early can reduce risk of developing food allergies. Begin introducing major food allergens around 6 months of age and offer them regularly. If your infant is high-risk, talk to your health care provider about when the potential food allergen should be introduced.
- Your infant should sit upright while eating.
- Finger foods should start out as long, thin (1/2 inch) as squishable. Smaller, bite-size food will be easier to hold around 9 months.
- Never leave your infant alone while eating.
- Do not give solid foods, such as infant cereal, in a bottle.
Some potential choking hazards for children under 4 years of age:
Hard raw vegetables or fruit (such as carrots and apples), whole round or tube-shaped foods (such as cherry tomatoes, grapes, and hot dogs), dried fruit, tough or large chunks of meat and cheese, unthinned nut and seed butters, whole or chopped nuts and seeds, popcorn, pretzels, ice cubes.
6-8 Months: strained, pureed/mashed
8-12 Months: ground/finely chopped/diced
Plain, small pieces (whole grains preferred)
Iron-fortified infant cereal, bread, crackers
Added at around 8-12 Months: pasta, grits, soft tortillas
Plain, soft, ripe, peeled, cooked (as needed)
Fruits such as apples, bananas, melons, peaches, pears
Plain, peeled, cooked
Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, green beans, green peas, spincah, squash, sweet potatoes
Cheese, yogurt (including soy-based yogurt), cottage cheese
Plain, skin/fat/bones removed
Meat, poultry, fish*, eggs, tofu, legumes (beans, peas, lentils)
Do Not Feed Your Infant
Potential choking hazards, honey*, cow's milk, plant-based milk, juice, sugar-sweetened beverages, adult cereals, added sugar, added salt, syrups, artificial sweeteners, unpasteurized foods and beverages
*Discuss types and amounts of fish with your health care provider to limit mercury exposure.
*Children under the age of 12 months should never be given honey. it can casue infant botulism, a deadly disease.
Keep Infants Safe
- After heating food, stir, let the food sit for 30 seconds, and taste-test it before feeding it to your infant.
- Make sure meat, poultry, fish, and eggs are cooked to well-done temperatures and always
use a food thermometer.
- Safe cooking temperatures can be found at: https://www.foodsafety.gov/food-safety-charts/safe-minimum-internal-temperatures
- Never feed your infant from the jar or container. Place a small amount of food from the jar in a dish and refrigerate the rest.
- Use home-prepared and open, store-bought infant food within 2 days, meat and egg foods within 1 day.
- Never re-use infant food. Any food not eaten by your infant should be discarded.
For more information on feeding your toddler, check out the Feeding My Toddler: 12 to 23 Months fact sheet.