Milk is a nutrient-dense food; rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. Keeping milk safe to drink will ensure you enjoy all the benefits it has to offer.
Storage of milk
The "sell by" date on milk is a guide to buying fresh milk. Proper care ensures freshness for 5 to 7 days after the "sell by" date.
Use the following guidelines to preserve the quality of milk:
Keep milk in original carton. Milk cartons are designed to reduce light exposure. This prevents off-flavors and loss of nutrients.
Store milk at 40°F or less. Keep container closed to prevent absorbing other flavors. Return milk to the refrigerator as soon as possible to prevent bacteria from growing. Never return a cup of unused milk to the original container. Do not drink directly from the container.
Milk can be frozen, although small flecks of protein may form. Flecks may dissolve if the milk is thawed slowly in the refrigerator. Beat or shake the milk to disperse the protein flecks.
Types of milk
Whole Milk- (homogenized) contains 3.25% milk fat.
Reduced Fat Milk- Contains 2% milk fat.
Fat-Free Milk- (skim milk) contains less than 0.5% milk fat.
UHT Milk- Shelf stable milk that requires no refrigeration until the container has been opened. Once opened, use just as you would regular milk.
Dry (Powdered) Milk- Milk that has had the moisture removed, resulting in milk powder. Add water according to directions. Once mixed, use just as you would regular milk.
Flavored Milk- Contains flavors and optional sweeteners which are added to any of the white milks.
Buttermilk- Milk with a special bacterial culture added to produce acidity, body, flavor, and aroma.
Evaporated Milk- Milk with half of the water removed by a special vacuum process.
Sweetened Condensed Milk- Milk from which water has been removed and to which sugar has been added, resulting in a very thick, sweet product used mainly in baking.
Specialty and Non-Dairy Milks- Include lactose-free milk, goat's milk, almond, soy.
Ways to use milk
- Rice Pudding
- Cheese Sauces
- Cream Soups
- Cold Cereal
- Hot Chocolate
- Scrambled Eggs
- Milk Gravies
- Scalloped Potatoes
- Hot Cereal
Smoothies make a great breakfast or afterschool snack.
- Low-fat milk
- Fresh frozen, or canned fruit (like bananas, berries, apples, oranges, grapes, peaches, etc.)
- Frozen bananas (peel before freezing)
- Low-fat plain yogurt
- A small amount of maple syrup or hoeny
- Leafy greens like spinach or kale
- A small amount of peanut butter or other nut butter