Characteristics
 Morphology
Facultative anaerobic gram-variable rod.
Growth Conditions
Nutrient rich media
Health Hazards
Host Range Humans
Modes of Transmission
Sexually transmitted disease.
Signs and Symptoms 
Predominant cause of bacterial vaginosis, whose symptoms may be asymptomatic, but can include vaginal discharge, virginal irritation, and a “fish like odor.
Infectious Dose
Unknown
Incubation Period 
Unknown
Medical Precautions/Treatment
Prophylaxis None available.
Vaccines None available.
Treatment
Metronidazole and clindamycin
Surveillance Monitor for symptoms.
MSU Requirements Report any exposures.
Laboratory Hazards
Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs)
None reported
 Sources
Human samples
Supplemental References
BMBL:5th Edition
http://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5/BMBL.pdf
Canadian MSDS:
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/index-eng.php
CDC
Containment Requirements
BSL2 For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.
ABSL2 For all procedures utilizing infected animals.
Spill Procedures
Small
Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.
Large
For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett, ryan.bartlett@montana.edu, (406) 994-6821
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Exposure Procedures
Mucous membrane
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Other Exposures
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Reporting
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
Medical Follow-up
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm.  Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
Viability
Disinfection
Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol, and formaldehyde
Inactivation
Inactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170oC)
Survival Outside Host
Does not survive well outside the host
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Minimum PPE Requirements
At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with Gardnerella vaginalis. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.
Additional Precautions
None.