Morphology Gram negative, nonmotile, usually encapsulated rod shaped bacteria.
Growth Conditions MacConkey agar culture
Health Hazards
Host Range Humans and animals.
Modes of Transmission 
Can be transmitted through skin contact with environmentally contaminated surfaces and/or objects.
Signs and Symptoms  Fevers, chills, and leukocytosis with red currant jellylike sputum. Rare complications include lung infection involving necrosis and sloughing of the entire lobe.
Infectious Dose Unknown.
Incubation Period   Unknown.
Medical Precautions/Treatment
Prophylaxis None 
Vaccines None 
Treatment Ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, piperacillintazobactam, imipeneum, gentamicin, and amikacin.
Surveillance Monitor for symptoms.
MSU Requirements  Report any exposures.
Laboratory Hazards
Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs) 1 case.
 Sources Respiratory tract.
Supplemental References
BMBL:5th Edition
Canadian MSDS
Containment Requirements
BSL2 For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.
ABSL2 For all procedures utilizing infected animals.
Spill Procedures
Small Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.
For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett,, (406) 994-6733
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Exposure Procedures
Mucous membrane
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Other Exposures
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
Medical Follow-up
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm.  Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
Disinfection Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol, and glutaraldehyde.
Inactivation IInactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170° C).
Survival Outside Host Extended periods of time.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Minimum PPE Requirements At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with Klebsiella pneumoniae. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.
Additional Precautions None.