Ph.D., University of California - Davis, 1987

Linda Young


International political economy, globalization and politics, the politics of food and hunger, research methods.

Read full curriculum vitae here.


I developed and teach these courses using a political economy framework:

PSCI 436 - Politics of Food & Hunger
PSCI 437 - International Political Economy

Research agenda

Agricultural trade and development, international trade, agricultural supply chains, Montana oil and gas fiscal policy.

Phone: 406-994-5604


Educational Background

Ph.D., Agricultural Economics, University of California, Davis, 1987.

Doctoral Dissertation - “The Formation of Wheat Policies in the United States, Canada, and Japan: Case Studies of Endogenizing Policy Behavior." Alex McCalla, advisor.

B.A., Development Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1980.


Head, Department of Political Science, Montana State University, Bozeman. (2012 - present)

Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Montana State University, Bozeman. (June 2008–present)

Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Montana State University, Bozeman. (August 2005–May 2008)

Senior Research Scientist, Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics, Montana State University, Bozeman. (January 2001–August 2005)

Agricultural Policy Program Coordinator, Trade Research Center, Montana State University, Bozeman. (January 1996–December 2000)

Senior Economist, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Canberra, Australia. (January 1988–September 1990)

Professional Activities

Dr. Young spent the 2010 spring semester on sabbatical in Latin America. Read more...

Capacity Building Program
Twelve agricultural economists from throughout the world participated in a capacity building program through a program I developed and administered with the International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium. This four- year program, “Promoting Open Agricultural Markets Through Capacity Building in Developing Countries,” was funded by the Hewlett Foundation. For details see

Research & Publications

Research Agenda: My research uses an interdisciplinary framework to investigate issues in agricultural policy and trade. One research theme is to understand the impact of world markets on small agricultural producers in poor countries. Specifically, can small agricultural producers in Latin America increase their incomes by exporting to the world market? I analyzed interviews conducted in Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador to assess the interactions of small producers, exporting high value goods, with the world market. I compared the insights gained from an economic model and self determination theory from social physiology in understanding the challenges faced by these producers.

Another research theme is the tension between national agricultural policy and commitments made through the World Trade Organization, as states struggle to maintain their own set of policies while simultaneously creating a fair environment for international trade. We used transaction costs economics to compare the cohesiveness of domestic agricultural policy and trade policy in the United States and the European Union.

Past research efforts focused on the impact on producers, consumers and poor countries of rules for export competition for agriculture in the World Trade Organization. One stream of research investigated the motivations prompting donors to give international food aid and how these motivations have changed since the 1990s.

Other research focused on climate change compared the policy framework for carbon sequestration in agriculture between the United States and the European Union.

Recent Selected Publications

Young, L. M. (2015). Making do or moving forward: An assessment of our global food system [Book review]. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. []

Young, L. M. and T. Bushman. 2014. “Autonomy, Competence and Market Structure: Self Determination Theory Applied to Small Agricultural Exporters from Latin America.” In R Christy, C da Silva, N Mhlanga, K Tihanyi, and E Mabaya, (Eds) Innovative Institutions, Public Policies and Private Strategies for Agro-Enterprise Development. World Scientific Publishing Co. Inc.

Young, Linda. 2014. “Home From Holiday: Lessons on Taxation on Unconventional Drilling in Montana.” Presentation at the meetings of the Agriculture and Applied Economics Association, Minneapolis, July 29th.

Young, Linda. 2014. “Montana’s Fiscal Policy for Oil and Gas: How Do They Make the Sausage?” Meetings of the Energy Policy Institute, San Francisco, September 5th.

Young, Linda. 2013. "Have Local Impacts Influenced Legislative Debate Regarding Taxation on Unconventional Drilling in Montana?" Presentation at the Western Energy Policy Research Conference, Center for Advanced Energy Studies, Portland.

Young, L.M. and Kathleen C. Hansen. 2011. “Disconnections in US and EU Agricultural Policy and Trade Negotiations: A Transactions Costs Politics Approach.” The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy 12(1):2-28.

Young, L. M. 2009. “Introduction: Capacity Building and Agricultural Trade Policy Challenges in Developing Countries.” Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development 5(2).

Young, L. M. 2009. “Capacity Building Programs in Agricultural Trade Policy.” Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development 5(2).

Young, L.M. 2008. Guest editor of the Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, 5(2).

Young, L.M. and J. Waino. 2007. “The Antidumping Negotiations: Proposals, Positions and Anti-dumping Profiles.” In P.S. Prasad, ed., The Legal Aspects of Antidumping Laws. Hyderabad, India: ICFAI University Press, Law Books Division.

Young, L.M. 2007. “Government Procurement.” In W.A. Kerr and J.D. Gaisford, eds., Handbook on International Trade Policy. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, Ltd., pp. 311–319.