Kate Salemo Thesis Defense: The Effect of Limiting Access to Abortion Services on Domestic Violence
- Wednesday, April 1, 2020 from 10:30am to 12:30pm
This study estimates the effect of access to abortion on the number of reported domestic violence victims using abortion clinic closures in the state of Texas that resulted from a statewide policy change. The results suggest that a decrease in access to abortion services results in a decrease in the number of reported intimate partner victims. When analyzing the effects by victim-offender relationship type, it is clear that the main results are largely driven by dating partners. A law enforcement agency that no longer has an abortion clinic within 100 miles reports 13.8% fewer dating partner victims. I also use homicides as an additional outcome variable to explore the mechanism. Because homicide estimates are imprecise, it is unclear whether the decrease in number of reported victims is due to a change in the violence itself or a change in the reporting of the violence. This is the first paper to estimate this causal relationship, contributing to the literature by analyzing a policy that could have unintended impacts on victims of domestic violence.
- Agricultural Economics and Economics