Judith Basin County 4-H Policies

4-H Ambassadors are implemented in Judith Basin County. (6/1990)

 The 4-H Council will pay at least 50% of registration of fall Ambassador Training for the current and prospective ambassadors. (1/2019)

 Ambassadors are required to turn in a completed record book in order to continue serving as ambassadors and are highly encouraged to attend 4-H Congress. (10/2014)

The 4-H Council will give a “Friend of 4-H” appreciation award to a non-4-H individual or business. (12/1976)


If a member has received a project pin already, s/he will get a certificate for any additional year in that project.  (11/2004)


All member awards and recognitions, and criteria for their selection, will be included in the 4-H Family Handbook for all members to read.

4-H members must complete at least one project in order to be considered as completing the 4-H year. This includes the completion of the permanent record (My 4-H Year), Project and Financial Journals.  (11/2005) A 4-H Story must be submitted in order to be eligible for an award.


  • Members must give a demonstration or speech to qualify for Congress, not a broadcast, interview or commercial.  Only those receiving a blue or red ribbon for their demonstration or speech qualify to attend Congress.  The Judith Basin County 4-H Council will pay at least some registration fees for Montana 4-H Congress delegates. (10/2014)


  • 4-H members attending National Congress will receive financial assistance from the Judith Basin 4-H Council, as a contribution towards their trip, from the Trip Fund Savings. (10/2010)

Council officers serve 2 years. (11/1963)

4-H Council Treasurer will be in charge of the 4-H Foundation quota every year. (11/1998)


Anyone with a grievance regarding any action of the county 4-H program may file a written statement that includes, at a minimum:  name, date, statement of facts, policies violated, names of violators, and the signature of person(s) submitting the grievance.  The Extension agent and county council executive committee will serve as a grievance committee unless one of the executive committee is involved in the grievance. In that case, the Extension agent will appoint someone else to take their place.  The grievance committee will gather information and prepare recommendations for the resolution of the grievance. (11/2005)



The enrollment deadline is November 30 of each year. (11/2005)

The add/drop deadline for all 4-H projects is June 1st of the current year. (9/2002)


Each member exhibiting at the Judith Basin County Fair must participate in at least one of the set up or take down days. (6/1989)

Any member not helping set up or tear down at the fair will receive no premium money. (2/1990)

Each club is expected to donate an item worth at least $50 to the auction at the Judith Basin County Fair.  Any club not donating will pay the average of the items sold.

Barn Superintendent

  • Beef, sheep and swine superintendents are to assign pens. No individual will be allowed to enter early and reserve pens.  Clubs will be placed together. (6/1989)

Complaint Procedure

  • A complaint of violation of fair rules should first be presented to the barn superintendent for resolution.  If not resolved, the complaint will then be presented to a committee composed of the superintendent, the Extension agent, and one member of the fair board.  Violators will be given one warning. A second violation will result in

    disqualification from classes (including market and showmanship) and the livestock market sale. (11/2004)

Dress Code

  • Showmanship attire for all livestock classes should be nice, long pants (with no rips and not faded), long sleeved collared, buttoned-up shirt, closed toed, clean shoes except with cattle and horses boots are required. Official FFA attire is appropriate.  (2/2020)

Food Booth

  • Any member who receives money from the Council for 4-H trips must work in the food booth during the current fair. (7/1984)


  • All project interview judging will be held the week of Fair. (10/2014)


  • FFA members must have livestock interviews and FFA livestock records up-to-date. (11/2004)

  • Replacement Heifer Project: the heifer may only be shown in the showmanship and the Replacement heifer class. (5/2001)

  • The Judith Basin County Fair is not a terminal show. (10/2004)

  • Livestock checks cannot be issued until thank you notes are delivered to the Extension office, stamped and ready to mail. (1/1985)

Livestock Sale

  • Grand and Reserve Champion animals must sell at the fair.  The grand and reserve champions will lead the sale order. A member may sell only one animal at the fair, unless they have more than one grand or reserve champion animal.  The only animals sold at the fair auction will be replacement heifers and market animals placed in their class, not feeders. (2/2020)
  • White ribbon animals at the fair cannot sell in the auction (2/1983)
  • Re-sale animals sell after other animals in sale- first sale money goes to the member.  (9/1988)
  • If two animals were shown at the fair, even though only one sold in the sale, both are eligible for the carcass competition. (9/1999)
  • An animal not shown at the fair cannot be hauled and slaughtered with the 4-H animals. (11/2004)
  • Market animals will be sold in the order they are placed. (9/2003)

Record Books

  • 4-H members must provide up-to-date record books for each project to project leaders, organizational leaders, or the Extension Agent on or before Wednesday of Fair Week, or their project will not be allowed to be shown at the fair (2/2020)
  • Each club’s leaders must provide a list of eligible exhibitors to the Extension Office.  (1/2001)
  • Members enrolled in a livestock project who do not complete their project by submitting a completed record book by September 30th of that 4-H year will not be allowed to show an animal at the Fair the following year. (1/2019)


  • Members must show their own class winning animals in showmanship and in the Round Robin. (1/2019)
  • Showmanship will be seniors first, intermediates next, and then juniors to follow so juniors may learn from the older members. (3/1997)
  • If there is no Grand or Reserve showman, he/she will not be in the Round Robin, for safety reasons. (11/2000).  The Reserve Champion in each showmanship class should have their animal ready in the event they are to show in the Round Robin. (11/2008)
  • Showmanship levels will be split according to age as of Oct 1 of the current 4-H year:
  • Juniors - 8-10 year olds
  • Intermediates - 11-13 year olds
  • Seniors - 14 years and older (9/2002



Proceeds from the annual auction at the fair, above the Montana 4-H Foundation quota of $5/member, will be put in a trip funds savings account to be used in the future years if there is a shortage of funds, or for the national trip contribution. (10/2014)



  • To encourage 4-H members to learn as much as they can about horses while developing their leadership skills, their sense of responsibility, their initiative and their self-reliance.
  • To promote and develop good sportsmanship in all aspects of our program.
  • To recognize the 4-H member’s safety comes first and is followed by the safety of the member’s horse.

 Policy Rules

  • All horsemanship level project animals shown by 4-H members in 4-H classes must be owned by the member or in partnership with his or her immediate family, or member must have access to the project horses for the project year. All project horse(s) must be declared by June 1. Corresponding Identification Forms for each horse must be turned into the Extension Office by June 1. The horse(s) must be in the continual care of the 4-H member from June 1 through the State 4-H Horse Show.  Changing horses will only be accepted with a release and approval of the horse committee. The reason for this is that the member learns better horsemanship if he/she rides and shows the same horse throughout the 4-H year.


  • No stallions allowed in any 4-H projects.


  • Members need to take the horse projects consecutively. A member must be 12 years old during the current project year and have completed Horsemanship Levels I – III and be approved by the horse committee before enrolling in the Colt to Maturity project, the Green Horse project, or other option projects. The decision to take the Colt to Maturity or Green Horse project needs to be decided early in the fall before signing up for the project. The reason for this, is these projects require a lot of time (not just two months of summer) to complete them satisfactorily.


  • If a member wins a Grand Champion award in any Western or English horsemanship class, s/he must move on to the next level. Exceptions may be made at the discretion of the horse superintendant at assessment day.


  • If a member wants to repeat a project level, they must be approved by the Horse Committee at the time of enrollment.


  • All horses in the Colt to Maturity project must be owned by the member or the member’s immediate family, or the member must have access to the horse. The horse must be in the continual care of the member from the start of the yearling year through the completion of the fifth year, Colt to Maturity project animals may not be trained by a professional trainer. Members can take lessons and go to clinics with these project horses. However, IF a 4-H member encounters serious problems with their project horse they may seek help from a professional or someone more experienced than themselves as long as the member is present to see how the problem is corrected and consequently learn from the training session. The intent is to keep the project safe for the member and to have some logical progression to the project. Intent:  To give all members a timeline in which to acquire their project horse. To maximize the training opportunities for the member throughout the entire five years. To encourage the member to do all the training of the horse(s).


  • A green horse is a horse less than 5 years old that was not started as a yearling by the The level is determined by the age of the horse and/or by the days of training the horse has had and must be assessed by the horse committee.


  • Once a horse becomes a project animal it may not receive professional training unless the member is involved in that training. The horse needs to be in the continual care of the 4-H member from June 1 through the State 4-H Horse Show.  Intent:  To allow the member to become knowledgeable in all levels of “Horsemanship, “Green Horse and “Colt to Maturity” projects by learning by doing. To encourage the member to assume sole responsibility for the training of a colt to maturity or green horse project animal; to encourage the members to go to trainers for advice when needed; to encourage trainers to conduct clinics for all members in a county; to further horsemanship or training skills; and to discourage the use of trainers actually riding the project horse, except in a case where the trainer deems the safety of the member is threatened.


  • A horse carried as a 4-H Horsemanship Levels project may be shown by more than one member of the immediate family in any one year at the county show, state fair or state 4-H horse show providing that neither the horse nor the member competes against himself. If there is a conflict in schedules for any reason, the exhibitor will have to determine in which class to participate and scratch the other. Intent: to recognize that the best experience is for each member to own and care for his/her own horse. To further recognize that there are families with more than one child that cannot afford more than one horse. To allow immediate family members the opportunity to be included in the county and state horse shows if the family cannot financially justify another horse.


  • If a member wants to ride two levels in one year, the first level must be completed and assessed before July 1. This includes completion of the manual and the riding skills. The member needs to arrange for an early assessment to take place at a time other than a regularly scheduled horse meeting.


  • A member must compete at the same project level as enrolled in the county and for which he/she has been assessed.


  • If enrolled in both Western and English, the member should alternate riding western or english at the horse meetings. Time probably will not allow a tack change. Members need to enroll separately for Western and English Horsemanship on their enrollment cards at the beginning of the year.


  • A member may ride only one horse per Western level, one horse per English Horsemanship level, and one horse per Ranch Horse level. Members may ride at only one level English Horsemanship and one level Western Horsemanship. If riding both Western and English, levels ridden can be the same level or only one level above or below. A maximum of three horses are allowed in Horsemanship levels, if showing Western, English, and Ranch Horse.


  • Members who enroll in “extra” projects such as Judging, Careers with Horses. Horsemanship Level VII, etc. must: turn in an outline of project plans and goals to the horse committee and the county agent by May 1, plus do some type of exhibit about the project to be exhibited at the county fair.


  • Cross entries are not allowed between Horsemanship level horses and Colt to maturity or Green Horse project horses.


  • Only 4-H members can ride and show their project horses while at the horse meetings, horse shows, clinics or fairs.


  • NO physical abuse of horse will be tolerated.


  • All 4-H project horses need to be vaccinated and dewormed in the spring. This will prevent member’s horses from becoming sick and causing them to miss horse meetings, clinics or shows.


  • Horses must be sound and capable of traveling sound at all gaits. This is so the member can ride and fully participate in the horse meetings, horse shows and fairs.


  • Assessment is mandatory. If you can’t attend Assessment Day, contact your horse leader before Assessment Day to make other arrangements.  Horse project books and records must be completed and up to date as of Assessment Day and must include a current Contract Sheet.  Assessment will consist of both a riding assessment and a book assessment.


  • Horses shown for showmanship, trail, bareback, equitation, barrel, and pole classes must be designated as “project horses” which means they are initially signed up in a horsemanship, colt to maturity, green horse or ranch horse project.


  • Riding helmet training for members is required once as a junior and once as a senior. Waivers for riding helmets must be turned into the Extension Office and a list shall be sent to all horse leaders so they know who is required to ride with a helmet.


  • The Fair Book dress code states “Showmanship attire for all livestock classes should be nice, long pants (with no rips and not faded), long sleeved collared, buttoned-up shirt, closed toed, clean shoes except with cattle and horses boots are required.” The horse committee adopts this dress code with the addition of requiring either a western hat or helmet for all classes not just showmanship.  If members have any questions about whether their outfit is acceptable, they should contact the show (barn) superintendent, currently Erlonna Erickson, well in advance of the show to ensure compliance with these policies and Fair Book Rules.

The 4-H Council will receive a financial statement at every meeting, and all clubs will turn in a financial statement to the Extension Office by November 1st  of each year.

  • There are three county livestock judging contests per year, and the top two of three scores determine a team. (1/1976)
  • If a 4-Her is delegated to go to a judging event and cannot go, they are responsible for notifying the Extension office so an alternate can be selected. (11/2004)
  • Livestock Judging: a beginner could judge as a beginner for three consecutive judgings, then they move up to juniors.  If they are comfortable with less than three consecutive judgings, they can make the decision to move up, but they cannot go back to beginners. (7/2003)
  • Beginner judge’s scores will not be published in the   4-H newsletter.  (7/2003)

Mileage will be paid only for fair and Demonstration Day judges, and the 4-H Foundation Representative’s trip to Congress. (9/2003)

  • All members who are at least 13 years old on October 1 of the 4-H year are eligible to be a part of the county teen leader group and participate in their activities.
  • Teen Leadership Project plans are due to the Extension Office Jan 15th. (11/2004)
  • Market animals must be weighed and tagged in order to be eligible to show at the Fair. (1/2019)
  • If an animal dies after weigh day, the animal can be replaced within 30 days of weigh day for steers, and 10 days within weigh day for hogs, sheep and goats. (1/2018)
  • Market animal weight limits are set at: 1500# for beef, 325 # for hogs, 165# for sheep, and 120# for goat. Animals may weigh more than the maximum but will only be paid up to the limited number of pounds. The minimum weight requirement for animals entered in the fair is 70# for goat, 100# for lambs, 200# for swine, and 1000# for beef.  (1/2018)

Judith Basin County fair will not recognize independent members. (10/2012)

R14 Adopted May 11, 2019 by the Montana 4-H Shooting Sports Advisory Committee

History and Purpose

The 4-H Archery Project and competitive events exist to provide and opportunity for youth development through the pursuit of excellence. The intent of this document is to help ensure fair and equal and safe opportunity for all Members. Each competitor will have the smme predetermined rules and will complete with others of similar age and comparable equipment. Archers, Leaders, or Parents exhibiting unsportsmanlike conduct at tournaments will be expelled from the entire even without refund. These rules are updatd from time to time. It is the responsibility of the 4-H Archer and Archery Project Leader to kow and abide by the rules at all time. Failure to do so is grounds for dismissal.

Archery Safety Rules

All Archery Safety Rules are to be adhered to at ALL times including Practice, Tournaments, etc.

  1. Give full attention to the RangeMaster.
  2. Know and obey Range Commands and Rules of Etiquette and Safety at all times.
    • The Whistle Commands are
      • 5+ =Emergency!
      • 3= Score and Pull
      • 2= Archers to the line.
      • 1= Shoot
  3. Be Silent on the Shooting Line & Waiting Line.
  4. Always wear an arm guard while shooting to protect you from String Slap, Clothing Interference, a Broke Shaft!
  5. Make sure arrows are long enough! Do not trade. If you change Draw Length, Check your Arrow Length!
  6. Use a bow with Proper Draw Weight. Being Over Bowed leads to Bad Form & Shoulder Injuries.
  7.  Keep all arrows in the quiver until the "begin shooting" signal is given by the Range Master. The Range Master may require the use of floor quivers if in his/her opinion the conditions warrant it.
  8. Let dropped arrows lie. Wait for specific permission from the Range Master before picking up dropped arrows.
  9. The high setup is encouraged, but arrows must be pointed toward the targets during the entire draw cycle, not the floor, or ceiling.
  10. When a mechanical release is used, the archer shall draw with finger placed firmly behind the trigger until the anchor point is established.
  11. Never Dry Fire a Bow - (includes Broken Nocks, Lost Inserts, De-nocked arrow, too Light arrows - Arrows must weigh a miniumum of 5 grains per pound of bow draw weight.)
  12. Always walk at the archery range. No horseplay.
  13. Pull and carry arrows safely. Look Behind you!
  14. Safely carry arrows in your hands controlling both ends of the arrow or in a quiver.
  15. Inspect Arrows (Nock, Fletch, Point, & Shaft) each time you shoot before putting them back in your quiver. A damaged arrow must immediately have the nock removed so that it cannot be shot!
  16. Always use a stringer to string a bow.
  17. Be sure there is adequate clearance for bow limbs and that nothing is attached to the limbs when shooting (e.g. bowstand, etc) that is not specifically manufactured as part of the bow. (Bow Quivers are OK, but not allowed at some ranges.)
  18. Leave equipment or friend blocking target when searching for lost arrows.
  19. Be sure of your target and beyond. If in doubt, don't shoot!
  20. Never draw or shoot an arrow pointed straight up!
  21. Only travel forward on a 3-D or Field Course. Never backtrack.
  22. Make sure archers ahead of you are clear before nocking an arrow on the 3-D range. Call Out.
  23. Do not back out limb bolts beyond mfg's recommendation. Don't know? Don't do it!
  24. The Range Master may set other safety procedures he/she deems necessary.


Archers must be 4-H Members in good standing and currently enrolled in the 4-H Archery Project supervised by a Certified Archery Project Leader to participate in 4-H Practice or Tournaments. (Note: Non 4-H youth and adults may be invited to shoot at fundraisers.)

Archery Equipment

Equipment check in will include checking in bows, arrows, accessories for bow and armguards.

The maximum peak draw weight of any bow shall not exceed 60 pounds. Arrows msut be no lighter than 5 grains arrow weight per pound of bow peak draw weight. No arrows larger than 27/64 in. (10.716mm) in diamete are permitted. Stabilizer length is measured from the back of the bow at the point of attachment and includes any coupling device. Sight length shall be measured from the mounting screws to the sight pin or aperture. Bows in divisions without sights shall have no markigs or blemishes or bow quiver or arrow rest parts in the sight window or face of the bow or string that could be used for sighting. Camo bows shall have tape over Archer's side of the sight window. No electric or electronic devices are allowed on the shooting line including sight lights, lasers, cell phones, communication devices, and headphones. Crossbows are not allowed. Armguards shall be properly worn by all archers when shooting. An Arm-guard should be principally comprised of rigid material of substancial width (approximately over 2 inches) and length (at least 5 inches). Keep in mind that the idea is to safely protect the shooter from string slap and/or arrow breakage.

**Examples of Arm-guards not accepted include, but not limited to -- Cotton sleeve (Sock style), Nylon sleeves or Nylon Sleeves with the single rubber strip.

Dress Code

Dress code will be enforced. Alcohol, cannibis, or tobacco, logos or text, inappropriate language, unsportsmanlike slogans, sleeveless sweatshirts, bare midriffs, torn jeans etc. will not be tolerated. Participats are required to wear shoes that completely cover the foot. Examples of footwear NOT acceptable include, but not limited to: open-toe shoes, sandals, clogs, crocks, flip-flops, sox only, and bare feet.

Reasonable Accommodation

Archers with Physical Disabilites: An Archer with a physical disability or injury, temporary or permanent, who cannot particiapte from one or more prescribed shooting positions as outlined in the Rules or who must use special equipment when shooting may petition to the Range Master for permission to assume a special position or to use specialized equipment for both. For example those with lower body injuries may shoot from a wheel chair, chair,or stool as deemed medically or adaptively necessary or someone with an injured arm might use a chew strap. Those instances require a written petition supported supported by a physician's written statement detailing the problem, the physical issues preventing the use of standard position or postitions, or modifications in equipment required to enable participation.

Archery Disciplines

Archery Disciplines include Indoor Target Archery, Outdoor Target Archery (FITA), Field Archery, 3D Archery, Clout Archery, Flight Archery, Run Archery, and Ski Archery.

Bow Divisions

Archers shall compete in the Bow Division that allows all of the components of the bow, sight, and release method being used, although all components are not required to be present. For example, a Bare Bow is not required to have a 12" stabilizer even though it is allowed, and a compound bow with no sights using a mechanical release would shoot in Bowhunter or Unlimited class because of the release.

Primitive Bow (PB)

Longbow or Recurve with finger release and no sights or blemishes/marks on the riser or string that could be used for sighting. No stabilizers are permitted. String Walking is not allowed. The archer shall touch the arrow with the index finger against the nock throughout the shot cycle. In the case of physical disability of the arms or hands, a chew strap located at the nock may be used in place of fingers.

Bare Bow (BB)

Any bow with finger release and no sights or blemishes/marks on the riser or string that could be used for sighting. A single straight 12" maximum stablizer is allowed. "String Walking is allowed provided that two nock locators are present adjacent to the arrow nock. A fixed crawl locator is not permitted. In the case of physical disability of the arms or hands, a chew strap may be used in place of fingers.

Limited Bow (LB)

Any bow with finger release and fixed sights with a length of 5" or less. Peeps with clarifiers or verfiers are allowed. A single straight 12" maximum stabilizer is allowed. Sights that are adjustable without the use of tools or sights with a lens are not allowed. No sight may be adjusted once the scoring has begun.

Bow Hunter (BH)

Any bow with mechanical release aid, and fixed sights with a length of 5" or less. Peeps with clarifiers or verfiers are allowed. A single straight 12" maximum stabilizer is allowed. Sights that are adjustable without the use of tools or sights with a lens are not allowed. No sight may be adjusted once the scoring has begun.

Unlimited Bow (UB)

Any bow with mechanical release aid, stabilizers of any length, V-bar, any sight including movable sights or sights with a lens, and written information. Sight may be adjusted any time during the round, but only by the Archer. (Not the coach)

Olympic Recurve (OR)

Recurve bow with finger release, clicker, kisser buttons, V-bar, stabilizers of any length and any length single moveable sight with written information or multiple pin fixed sight. Sight may not incorporate a prism, lens, or leveling device. String peeps or marks on the string in front of the eye are not allowed. Sight may be adjusted anytime during the round but only by the Archer. (Not the coach.)

Age Classes

For state matches "age" is based on the Member's age on October 1st preceding the event Archers must compete in their own Age Class as follows:

  • Class 1 = 9 to 10 years old
    • 15-yard maximum for 3D)
  • Class 2 = 11 to 12 years old
    • 25-yard maximum for 3D
  • Class 3 = 13 to 14 years old
    • 35-yard maxiumum for 3D
  • Class 4 = 15 to 19 years old
    • 45-yard maximum for 3D

For the National Team Qualifying Event and the National Invitational "Participants must have past their 14th birthday by January 1 of the current year and may not have passed their 19th birthday before January 1 of the current year." (Age 13 may participate for practice.) See "Montana 4-H Archery Qualifier Rules and Procedures"


A Competitve Category is a combination of a Bow Division and an Age Class. For example, Bare Bow (BB) Ages 9 &10.

Each time an archer shoots a group of arrows, scores, and pulls it is called an End. Several Ends make a Round.

Range Layout and Protocol

LAYOUT: Indoor Target Archery ranges shall have a Waiting Line at minimum distances of 3 yards behind a Shooting Line, and a target Line 2 yards from the targets. Lines shall be clearly marked with tape, paint of other means that is not a tripping hazard.

RANGE PROCEDURES: The range shall be under the exclusive control of the Range Master and the Range Master's appointees. Whistle commands should be used by the Range Master. Whistle commands shall be:

  • 5 or more blasts = Emergency! Cease fire and quiver arrows
  • 3 Blasts = Cease fire and Retrieve Arrows
  • 2 Blasts = Shooters to the line
  • 1 Blast = Begin shooting

Archers should be trained accordingly. Any may call a "Cease Fire!" in case of emergency.

In case of a mechanical failure, the Archer shall get the attention of the Range Master and obtain permission before repairing equipment. The Range Master may set up a time limit fo repairs. Dropped arrows that are within reach of the Shooting Line may be picked up and shot only upon specific direction of the Range Master. The Archer may continue the Round and may be allowed to shoot make-up arrows or Ends at the Range Master's discretion, but the archer's score must continue from where he/she left off, and the archer may not start over regardless of the reason for the make-up arrows or ends.

No flash photography is allowed during Rounds.

TIMING: Timing will be provided by an Official Timer appointed by the Range Master. The start and end of each time limit will be signaled by a whistle or other audible device. An arrow shot before or after the specified time will be considered as being part of that End and will cause the athlete to lose the highest scoring arrow of that End, which will be scored as a miss. The Range Master or Timer may give a 30 second warning.

TARGETS: Competitors must use targets that have not been previously used, marked, or modified in any way. No aiming points or marks may be placed on the target or range. An archer may request a new target during the Round if the target has become damaged enough to make scoring difficult. However the target must be the same type as the original. i.e If you start with a 3-spot, you must finish with a 3-Spot.

SCORING: Archers and Scorers shall not touch arrows or targets until after arrows are scored and agreed upon. Scores wil be called out by the athlete and checked by the scorekeeper. An arrow will be scored according to the position of the shaft in the target face, not the hole. If an arrow touches two colors or a line, score the higher value. A "Robin Hood", an arrow preventing from hitting the target dur to being stuck in any part of a previously shot arrow, shall be given teh score of the arrow in which it is stuck. If a target is deformed or partly missing, score will be based on an imaginary circular line in the original postion. On a 3-Spot taget there can only be one arrow scored per shot. If more than one arrow is in a spot, only the lowest score is counted. The others are scored as a miss-M. The Range Master or appointed Judge shall make the final detemination of score if the Archer and Scorer cannot agree on an arrow's score. In Indoor Target Archery the Range Master will give Archers an opportunity to re-shoot arrows that pass through or bounce out of the target. Arrows that miss the target are not bouncers and may not be re-shot. Score as miss. (Note: use "M" for misses, not"0".)(See Scoring for different archery disciplines below.)

PLACEMENT: Placement is by highest score in each Competative Category. Tied scores shall be resolved first by the most number of X's. If still tied, use most 10's, then most 9's etc. until tie is resolved. (National Qualifier Rules vary. See "Montana 4-H Archery Qualifier Rules and Procedures")

COACHING: At tournaments Coaches and parents are not allowed in front of the Waiting Line, on the Shooting Line, or on the Range at any time except by special permission of the Range Master. (For Example to help set up targets, help score, or for photographs.) Coaches may assist all archers and adjust sights during warm-up ends only. No further adjustments to any poart of the bow or sight are allowed after the first Scoring Round has begun, except as stated in the Unlimited Bow and Olympic Recurve Divisions above. Coaching during a Round will be permitted only for members under the age of 14. All permitted coaching will take place behind the Waiting Line and between Ends and in a manner that does not disturb other archers.

National Governing Body (NGB) Rules

If more specifics are required, the following rules shall apply: NFAA "Traditional Bow" rules for the Primitive Bow (PB) division. NFAA "Competitive Bowhunter" rules for the Bare Bow (BB) division. NFAA "Freestyle Limited Bowhunter" rules for the Limited Bow (LB) division. NFAA "Freestyle Bowhunter" for the Bow Hunter (BH) division. FITA "Compound Division" rules for the Unlimited Bow (UB) division. FITA "Recurve Division" rules for the Olympic Recurve (OR) division. These rules and divisions shall apply to both Target Archery and 3D Archery events. In case of discrepancy the 4-H rules shall prevail.

Archery Events

Here are some examples of archery events. The outdoor examples are typical of the 4-H National Invitational.

Montana 4-H Indoor Target Archery

Indoor Target:

  • 40 cm FITA or Vegas 3 Spot (Archer's choice) at 1 m. about the floot.


  • 10 meters

Course of Fire:

  • 10 ends of 3 arrows each

Time Limit:

  • 2.5 minutes per 3 arrow end


  • 10 times, 10 to 1, M from the center outward, or 10 times-10-6, M on 3-Spot.

Archers shoot standing, straddling the Shooting Line.

Outdoor Target Archery

NGB = USA Archery - FITA Book 2 FITA

Round (1/2 FITA)

Target: FITA 122 cm and 80 cm faces, 5 - color face


  • Rounds are shot in the following order:
    • Ages 9 to 10 = 30 m, 25m, 20m
    • Ages 11 - 13 = 50m, 40m, 30m, 20m
  • Archers shoot standing, straddling the Shooting Line
    • Ages 14 - 19 = 60m, 50m 40m, 20m
    • 4-H National Invitational Ages 14 - 19 = "60, 50, 40, 30 meters in that order"

Course of Fire:

  • 18 arrows at each of 4 distances. (72 arrows total.)
  • 3 ends of 6 arrows each from the two longer distances using 122 cm targets.
  • 6 ends of 3 arrows each from the two shorter distances using 80 cm targets.

Time Limit:

  • 4 minutes per 6 arrow end and 2.5 minutes per 3 arrow end


  • 10 times
  • 10 to 1
  • M from the center outward

Field Archery

NGB = National Field Archery Association


Field Round (1/2 Field Round)


  • NFAA targets of sizes selected by the management and appropriate to the course.


  • Marked distances within the range of 5 to 60 yards

Course of Fire:

  • 14 targets with at least one fan and one walk-up target
  • 4 arrows per target

Time Limit:

  • Shooters will move through the course expeditiously and avoid delays.


  • 5 times
  • 5, 4, 3
  • M from the center outward

Archers shoot standing, with toe nearest the target behind the Shooting Line.

3-D Round

NGB = FITA 3D Book 5 Chapter 11.10


  • 3D Targets as selected and placed by the management.


  • Unmarked distances from 5 to 50 yards

Course of Fire:

  • 30 arrows, one arrow per target in order by the management

Time Limit:

  • Shooters will move through the course expeditiously and avoid delays.
  • Lost arrow search is limited to 2 minutes


  • Determined by management
  • Typically 11, 10, 8, 5

Archers shoot in any position but some body part must be touching the shooting stake e.g. foot or knee.

Montana 4-H Archery Qualifier

See "Montana 4-H Archery Qualifier Rules and Procedures which are incorporated herein."


County Level Opportunities

Each year three “sanctioned” county livestock judging events are held. You must attend 2 of 3 judging contests to compete at the Nile Judging. Contact the Extension Office for more details.

  • This competition is open to all 4-H members. The competition is divided into three age groups: beginner, intermediate, and senior.  Intermediate or senior members may give a speech, demonstration, or illustrated talk. Only beginner participants may give a commercial.  Senior competitors who receive a blue or red ribbon for their speech or demonstration are eligible to go to Montana 4-H Congress in Bozeman.
  • An impromptu speech category was added to the prepared speech contest in the Senior division for Demonstration Day. (9/1988)
  • Add a 5-minute “Show and Tell” Cloverbud category to the Demonstration Day schedule. (1/2003)
  • 4-H members who cannot attend Demonstration Day need to give their demonstrations prior to Demonstration Day in front of two to four members of the 4-H Council and the Agent.  If extenuating circumstances arise, they will be dealt with on an individual basis. (3/2003)
  • Early presentations are not eligible for the county awards, but will receive a ribbon. (11/2004)
  • Each year in the spring members that are enrolled in the clothing project are able to compete in the review. Three levels of competition: Junior (9-10), Intermediate (11-13), and Senior (14 & older).  Awards will be given. The top senior winner is then designated to go the Montana 4-H Congress in Bozeman if all other criteria is met.
  • Dress Review participation is voluntary. (9/1994)
  • $100.00 is the maximum amount for expenses incurred for the Dress Review that will be paid by the 4-H Council not including judges. (3/1997)
 This event is held yearly in cooperation with Fergus County.  Registration is limited to 40 participants ages 13 yrs. and older. Courses on leadership and teamwork are presented.

This is held the first part of June at 4-H Camp Rotary in Monarch. It is open to 4-H members in 3rd – 6th grades.  A Tween 4-H Camp for 4-H members in grades 6, 7, & 8 will also be offered in the summer.


State Level Opportunities

The Alberta 4-H Leaders’ Conference is an outstanding opportunity for up to eight Montana 4-H adult volunteers to learn more about the 4-H program in Alberta and across Canada. The conference gives leaders the opportunity to improve their leadership skills and exchange ideas. At the conference, Montana leaders absorb new ideas and experiences that can be shared with their clubs back home while they also enjoy an educational, action packed program.

Fall Training is the annual development retreat for Montana 4-H Ambassadors. The event is planned, implemented, and evaluated by the State Ambassador Officer Team. Ambassadors and prospective ambassadors will leave the weekend prepared and excited to take the knowledge and skills they have gained and apply them in their counties. It is also a great place to have youth leaders exchange ideas and create a statewide network of resources.

Montana Citizenship Seminar is a Citizenship-in-Action (CIA) event designed to educate 4-H youth as they learn and experience the rights and responsibilities of citizenship. Delegates participate in a mock trial, create and debate bills, and meet with elected officials.  Each county may send two delegates who are 14 years of age by October 1 and cannot have attended any previous MT 4-H Citizenship Seminar.  Delegates are responsible for their own expenses. The Citizenship Seminar is held in Helena in the years when the legislature is in session. Registration is due by February 1. 

 Go to Washington, D.C. for a week in June to experience our nation's capital, meet your legislators and meet 4-Hers from around the country.  During this week-long trip, delegates have the opportunity to tour the Smithsonian and the National monuments as well as visit with Montana Senators and Representatives.  Montana delegates travel as a group with two adult chaperones.


This week-long leadership event held in Washington DC in June or July is specially designed for middle school students (grades 7-9).  4-H delegates will build confidence in their abilities to motivate others in meaningful action, practice effective communication and public speaking, develop an understanding of their own personal leadership style and form friendships with other   4-H’ers from across the nation.  Participants will be accompanied by an adult chaperone.  Application deadline is January 1.

This event is held each July on the Montana State University Campus in Bozeman. Members must be 13 yrs. of age by Oct.1 of the current 4-H year to be eligible. Participants compete in individual or team contests and may have the opportunity to attend a regional or national event if they win at the state level.

During the years when the Montana legislature is in session, the Legislative Breakfast provides an opportunity to educate legislators about the work and successes of 4-H and MSU Extension.  Youth and adult constituents from across the state come together to share ideas, issues and concerns.  This event is usually held at the Red Lion Hotel in Helena with a practice dinner the evening before the breakfast.

The Montana 4-H Horse and Livestock Forum is an opportunity for 4-H leaders and teens to further their skills in working with youth in the Horse and Livestock Projects.  Workshops and demonstrations are offered throughout the event and time is allowed to share ideas from county to county. Workshops may be taught by university researchers, Extension Agents, industry professionals, 4-H leaders, or 4-H teens. The Forum is held every other year to run opposite the Alberta, Canada 4-H Horse Leaders Forum and may be hosted by any county or group of counties in Montana.

This event is held annually at locations around the state to provide a forum for the gathering of ideas for leaders and junior leaders. The Forum includes workshops on a variety of topics related to 4-H projects and to overall youth development, as well as, updates on 4-H programming and recognition for outstanding achievements. This is an exciting event for leaders, new and old, and provides a wonderful opportunity to meet others from across the state

This event provides youth an opportunity to enhance their leadership, communication and team building skills in an action packed and interactive setting. Rec Lab programming is designed to provide participants with tips for being a better club, camp and community leader.   4-H’ers must be age 13 and older as of Oct.1. It is held in March or April and is hosted at various counties. 


Youth ages 14-17 spend one week in the summer at Lubrecht Experimental Forest 35 miles northeast of Missoula. Cost varies; however, local conservation districts sponsor a portion of the registration fee.  Applications are usually due the middle of June and the camp is usually held in August.

This is held in June or July at various places in the state. Range Days is designed for the whole family. Several scholarships are made available to winners of this event. Contact the Extension Office for more information.

 Each year, 4-H’ers who have achieved the highest awards, either by winning a State Award or a State Contest, are invited to attend National Congress in Atlanta, Georgia at Thanksgiving. Delegates spend a week in Atlanta attending leadership and citizenship workshops as well as participating in community service activities. Delegates have a chance to interact with many different 4-H members from around the country.

The Roundup is held in January of the year. Members may attend the event only one time. For further information contact the Extension Office.

The top four members to attend the Agribition are selected from the 4-H Congress Livestock Judging Contest providing that they are not part of the winning livestock team going to the Denver and have never attended the Agribition before. They must be 16 yrs. of age as of December 1 of the current year. Agribition is held in November of the year.


Grants and Scholarships

This is a program that offers financial support to groups and individuals to develop projects that will benefit their communities.  4-H groups and individual members are invited to apply for a “People Partner” grant.  Applications should be submitted to the 4-H Foundation Office by February 1.  Details and application information can be found at http://www.montana4h.org/#program:31

Several scholarships are offered each year through MSU.  The purpose is to encourage talented young men and women who areinterested in agriculture to pursue an education at MSU.  Information and applications are available at http://www.ag.montana.edu/students/scholarships.htm

Through the generosity of Mr. Leroy Keilman of Billings, MT a scholarship will be given to a graduate of Hobson High School to attend the College of Agriculture at MSU.  The interest earned from money deposited with Montana FFA will provide money for the scholarship (approx. $400-$500).  Applications are available at Hobson High School.

  • AMTOPP Scholarship for Current 4-H’ers ages 9-19
  • Douglas & Nancy Dear Memorial Scholarship
  • Montana Farm Bureau Foundation Scholarship
  • Carson Christensen Memorial Scholarship
  • Montana Meat Processors Scholarship
  • MABA/MGEA Agri-Business 4-H Scholarship
  • Montana Wheat & Barley Scholarship
  • Murdoch's Ranch & Home Supply Scholarship
  • N.A. Jacobsen Scholarship
  • Montana 4-H Shooting Sports Scholarship
  • Barbara Edens Memorial Scholarship
  • Bud Dawson Livestock Scholarship
  • Miller Scholarship
  • Doyle Stocks Scholarship
  • Wilcox Family Scholarship
  • Montana 4-H Council Scholarship
  • Cedric & Elfriede Maurer Memorial Scholarship
  • Anton and Helga Sundsted Pioneer Scholarship

Detail and application information for these opportunities can be found at http://www.montana4h.org/#program:30