Announcements and Upcoming Events

Central Ag Research/ Montana State University 2022 Summer Research Results

Results for the 2022 Summer Research Trials are now available.

Pulse Crop Survey

The Pulse Crop Survey is an annual survey of pulse crop growers and consultants about pulse crop diseases and their management, conducted by Montana State University. Through this survey we aim to understand which resources pulse growers and consultants seek out for information, which diseases challenge pulse crop production, which integrated pest management practices are implemented, and how effective they are perceived to be. 

Montana Next Generation Conference 2023

The Montana Next Generation Conference is January 28, 2023 in Shelby, MT.  The conference will feature over twenty speakers on everything from succession planning to precision agriculture and livestock management to recordkeeping, accounting and leases.

Montana Soil Health Symposium

Montana Soil Health Symposium is scheduled for February 7 - 9, 2023 at the Billings Hotel and Convention Center.

Montana Agri-Trade Exposition

Montana's largest Ag trade show is February 16 - 18, 2023 at the Expo Center & Montana Pavilion in Billings, MT.

Prepping for a Healthy Fruit Harvest Webinar

The Cultivating Healthy Plants March Webinar will focus on Prepping for a Healthy Fruit Harvest.  The Webinar is March 9, 2023 at 12:00 MT.  Whether you grow fruits conventionally or organic, or if you have one tree or twenty, this presentation is for you. Pruning trees, applying dormant sprays – these are not the only tasks for your backyard fruit trees in spring. Get a leg up on what you might need to do now and for an entire season of pest management for tree fruits, from pre-bloom to fall.


Montana Hay Hotline

Disclaimer: The Montana Department of Agriculture maintains this list as a service to the Agricultural industry and particularly to those in need of hay and those who have hay to supply. The department maintanis this list and makes it available with the expectation that all buyers and sellers will treat each other in an equitable and lawful manner. The department makes no representations, express or implied as to the amount, kind or quality of hay listed or as to the character of the participants.

Enter New Listing Forage For Sale 

To check pricing before listing your forage visit USDA Montana Weekly Market Page

Search for Hay Listing
Search for Pasture Listing


Crop Articles

Fertilizer Application on Frozen Ground - Ward Labratories

In Nebraska, the “Bomb Cyclone” event of March 2019 is a well-documented example of why we advise to avoid amendment application on frozen or snow-covered ground. In this event, large amounts of rain fell over much of Nebraska. Soils remained frozen, preventing the rainwater from soaking into the soil. Water ran to the low spots, taking with it any fertilizer that had been applied. An unsavory decision was made: re-apply fertility or skip it for the upcoming season. In either scenario, it would be a hit to the bottom line.

Montana wheat farmers had a challenging year. But there's optimism heading into 2023

With continued drought and high input prices, it’s been a challenging year for Montana wheat farmers. Overall wheat production this year was better than last year, but it is still below recent averages. Yellowstone Public Radio interview with Montana Wheat and Barley Committee's Vice President. (5:23 minutes)

Forces That Will Shape the U.S. Rural Economy in 2023

The U.S. economy still has considerable momentum and is not currently on the verge of recession. However, economists have never been more pessimistic and there are very legitimate reasons for concern. 

Market Vegetable Farms - Soil Characteristics and Testing

Knowing soil nutrient content and characteristics is necessary to make good fertilizer and irrigation management decisions.

Market Vegetable Farms - Soil Nitrogen and Sulfur

Healthy soils with sufficient and balanced nutrients for plant growth are the basis for high-quality production. Managing soil fertility using plant- or animal-based materials is complex since availability of nutrients depends on biological cycles to break down materials into plant-available forms. By understanding soil characteristics and amendments (anything added to the soil), producers can select the best amendment for their goals and budgets.

Market Vegetable Farms - Soil Phosphorus, Potassium and Micronutrients

By understanding soil characteristics and amendments, both organic and other producers can select the best amendment for their goals and budgets. Crop rotations are another tool to manage soil fertility. Crops, including covers crops, help catch and recycle P, K and micronutrients on site.

United States Drought Monitor

US Drought Information

Protecting Winter Wheat From Grasshopper Damage

Emerging winter wheat, especially when surrounded by dry grassland, can be vulnerable to damage by grasshoppers. 

Pest Management Using Integrated Strategies

Homeowners and producers enduring occasional pest outbreaks often over-rely on chemical management strategies or react after pests can be managed effectively. Pest management using multiple methods, otherwise known as Integrated Pest Management (IPM), is a strategy combining a wide range of tactics, including biological, chemical and cultural practices to provide long term, environmentally sustainable, and economically feasible control.

Montana Seed Potato Certification Program

In Montana, certification of potatoes grown for seed is conducted by Montana State University. Certification is a voluntary program designed to encourage the production of top-quality seed potatoes through adherence to rigorous testing and inspection requirements, and through research to improve seed potato quality and testing.

Soil Sampling Tips

For successful soil sampling, you must submit a quality sample into the lab.  Below are some points to consider before heading out to soil sample.

Ag Across Montana - Podcast

As the agriculture industry continues to innovate, Ag Across Montana connects producers and industry professionals within the Big Sky State to insights that help their agribusiness thrive. 

Grasshopper Management and Control in Montana

Grasshopper populations are cyclical, and when outbreaks occur, rangeland infestations may cause significant economic losses for producers by reducing forage available for their livestock, and farmers may see their entire crop decimated. 


Useful Links

Montana Weed Control Association

MWCA members are dedicated to terrestrial and aquatic invasive species management. Our members include professional weed managers representing many government agencies, private and commercial applicators, non-governmental organizations and concerned citizens. Our goal is to facilitate long-term, ecologically based, integrated noxious weed management programs throughout Montana.

Crop MontGuides and Alerts

Personal Protective Equipment for Pesticide Applicators

The purpose of this publication is to instruct pesticide applicators to use proper PPE, including how to read the product label, understand chemically-resistant materials and types of PPE, how to clean PPE, and best practices to reduce exposure. By understanding these factors, pesticide applicators can purchase the proper PPE at local chemical distributors, agricultural suppliers, hardware stores, or online safety retailers.

Water Productivity of Montana Crops

Crop water productivity (CWP) can be defined as the amount of additional grain or biomass a crop can produce for each added increment of water use. It can be used to estimate yield potential of various crops for the coming season, which helps growers evaluate different crop rotations.

Cover Crops as Partial Replacement for Summer Fallow

Cover crops are one tool to improve soil health and long-term agricultural sustainability, especially when grown in place of fallow. This MontGuide summarizes the information in the MSU Extension bulletins Cover Crops: Soil Health, Cover Crops: Management for Organic Matter and Nitrogen, and Cover Crops: Soil Water and Small Grain Yield and Protein. See those bulletins for more details and all references. Our focus is on covers planted as partial fallow replacement in dryland systems of the northern Great Plains.

Chickpea Production

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an annual grain legume or ‘pulse crop’ sold as human food. Commercial types include large Kabuli, small Kabuli, and Desi. Chickpea production has significantly increased in the U.S. over the past 5 years with 96,000 acres harvested in Montana in 2016 and with acreage projected to increase.

Water Rights in Montana: An Overview

All water in Montana is owned by the State for the benefit of its people. Individual water users have the right to use the waters of the State if they hold or are covered under a valid water right. A basic understanding of water rights is essential for people who want to play a part in the effective management of water resources.

Pathogenic Nematodes of Wheat and Barley

Root lesion and cereal cyst nematodes are microscopic roundworms that parasitize agricultural crops in every part of the world. Take the steps outlined here to recognize infestation, assess potential damage and protect crops.

Wheat Midge

The wheat midge is widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia and has long been recognized in many parts of North America. However, it has only recently developed into a serious insect pest of spring wheat in Montana.

Aphids of Economic Importance in Montana

This publication is a general identification guide for aphids found in Montana that can have an economic impact on crops. It includes pictorial keys of economic aphids by crop and species, and details on aphid pests for grain, alfalfa, potato and soybean crops.

Many other MontGuides can be found on the MSU Extension website.