|Morphology||Gram negative aerobic bacterium of the legionellaceae family.|
|Growth Conditions||L-cysteine and iron salts.|
|Host Range||Humans and animals.|
|Modes of Transmission||Can be transmitted through aerosols and aspiration of contaminated water.|
|Signs and Symptoms||Can cause a severe form of pneumonia. Symptoms include confusion, headache, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, chills, and myalgia as well as a non-productive cough.|
|Treatment||Respiratory fluoroquinolones and the newer macrolides are used.|
|Surveillance||Monitor for symptoms.|
|MSU Requirements||Report any exposures.|
|Laboratory Acquired Infections (LAIs)||1 case.|
|Sources||Expectorated sputum, lower respiratory specimens, pleural fluid, and blood. Other sources include water samples from water systems and fresh water sources.|
|BSL2||For all procedures involving known or potentially infected cultures.|
|ABSL2||For all procedures utilizing infected animals.|
|Small||Notify others working in the lab. Remove and don new PPE. Cover area of the spill with absorbent material and add 10 % Bleach. Allow 30 minutes hour of contact time. After 30 minutes and then cleanup and dispose of materials.|
For assistance, contact MSU's Biosafety Officer: Ryan Bartlett, [email protected], (406) 994-6733
or Safety and Risk Management (406-994- 2711).
Flush eyes, mouth or nose for 5 minutes at eyewash station.
Wash area with soap and water for 5 minutes.
Immediately report incident to supervisor, complete a first report of injury report, and submit to Safety and Risk Management.
During business hours: Bridger Occupational Health 3406 Laramie Drive. Weekdays 8am -6pm. Weekends 9am-5pm
After business hours: Bozeman Deaconess Hospital Emergency Room 915 Highland Blvd Bozeman, MT
|Disinfection||Susceptible to 10 % Bleach, 70 % ethanol, and formaldehyde|
|Inactivation||IInactivated by dry heat (1 hour at 160-170° C).|
|Survival Outside Host||Is found naturally in most fresh water sources, including lakes, ponds and rivers. Can survive up to 139 days in distilled water and 415 days in tap water.|
|Minimum PPE Requirements||At minimum, gloves, closed toed shoes, lab coat, and appropriate face and eye protection prior to working with Klebsiella pneumoniae. Additional PPE may be required depending on lab specific SOPs.|