1. Integration of the Earth System
    A. Interpret and apply various components of the Earth system, including the geosphere, biosphere,       
         atmosphere, hydrosphere, and the cryosphere.

   B. Interpret/Describe human interactions with Earth system in:
        • management of natural resources
       • development of human societies
       • human impacts on local to global scales.

2. Application of data and geospatial literacy
    A. Apply spatial thinking and reasoning in appropriate areas of the Earth Sciences demonstrated by the ability to          make a well-designed map and solve problems using geospatial techniques (GIS).
   B. Evaluate the quality of both quantitative and qualitative data in the areas of their chosen option.
   C. Apply systems thinking and critical analysis in addressing real-world Earth Science problems/issues.

3. Effectively communicate science
    A. Demonstrate ability to communicate Earth science concepts.
    B. Appropriately apply graphs and graphics.
    C. Demonstrate information literacy through the appropriate use of source citations, bibliographic references,     
        comprehensive literature search, and ability to critically analyze published literature.

4. Application of cultural competencies and ethical standards and practices
    A. Apply cultural competencies (local, regional, national, and international) and ethical standards as relevant to   
        their focus in the Earth Sciences.
   B. Apply relevant aspects of Native American Indians’ distinct and unique cultural heritage pursuant to Indian 
       Education for All in Montana

5. Demonstration of a mastery of discipline specific concepts, theory, and applications
    A. Demonstrate an ability to integrate advanced concepts in student’s chosen disciplinary option
    B. Demonstrate an ability to use the major tools of their chosen field