Dig a Little Deeper: More Everest Facts
Delve into these facts about the highest peak on Earth. Check out some fast facts or dig a little deeper. Discover how Mount Everest got its name, what kind of rock is on top, and how it's getting taller every year.
The widely accepted elevation of Qomolangma (Mount Everest) is reported to be 29,035 ft. (8,850 m). The first unofficial elevation of Qomolangma was reported to be 30,200 ft. by James Nicholson of the Great Trigonometric Survey of British India (ca. 1849-50), but this measurement was based on raw theodolite surveying data and did not account for optical aberrations. Read more about the elevation of Everest..
The summit of Mount Everest was actually the seafloor 470 million years ago! That's right, the rock that comprises the "summit pyramid" or uppermost part of Mount Everest is gray limestone that was deposited on the northern continental shelf of northern India during the early to middle Ordovician Period of the Paleozoic Era, long before India began its northward journey towards Eurasia and the eventual collision of tectonic plates that uplifted the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau. Read more about summit limestone.