Cross, WF, JM Hood, JP Benstead, AD Huryn, JR Welter, GM Gislason, JS Olafsson. 2022. Nutrient enrichment intensifies the effects of warming on metabolic balance of stream ecosystems. Limnology and Oceanography Letters.

Albertson LK, MA Briggs, Z Maguire, S Swart, WF Cross, CW Twining, JS Wesner, CV Baxter, DM Walters. 2022. Diet composition and fatty acid content of giant salmonflies (Pteronarcys californica) in two Rocky Mountain rivers. Ecosphere.

Benstead JP, WF Cross, V Gulis, AD Rosemond. 2021. Combined carbon flows through detritus, microbes and animals in reference and experimentally enriched stream ecosystems. Ecology

Junker JR, WF Cross, JP Benstead, AD Huryn, JM Hood, D Nelson, GM Gislason, JS Olafsson. 2021. Flow is more important than temperature in driving patterns of organic matter storage and stoichiometry in stream ecosystems. Ecosystems

Scholl EA, WF Cross, CV Baxter, CS Guy. 2021. Uncovering process domains in large rivers: patterns and potential drivers of benthic substrate heterogeneity in two iconic North American riverscapes. Geomorphology 

Junker JR, WF Cross, JP Benstead, AD Huryn, JM Hood,DNelson, GM Gislason, JS Olafsson. 2020.  Resource supply governs the temperature dependence of animal production in stream ecosystems. Ecology Letters 23:1809-1823. PDF

Walters DM, WF Cross, TA Kennedy, CV Baxter, RO Hall, Jr., EJ Rosi. 2020. Food web controls on mercury fluxes and fate in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon. Science Advances 6: eaaz4880. PDF

Nelson D., JP Benstead, AD Huryn, WF Cross, JM Hood, PW Johnson, JR Junker, GM Gislason, JS Olafsson. 2020. Contrasting responses of blackfly species (Diptera: Simuliidae) to experimental whole-stream warming. Freshwater Biology 65:1793-1805. PDF

Nelson D., JP Benstead, AD Huryn, WF Cross, JM Hood, PW Johnson, JR Junker, GM Gislason, JS Olafsson. 2020. Thermal niche diversity and trophic redundancy drive neutral effects of warming on energy flux through a stream food web. Ecology 101: e02952. PDF

Patrick, C.J., D.J. McGarvey, J.H. Larson, W.F. Cross, D.C. Allen, A.C. Benke, T. Brey, A.D. Huryn, J. Jones, C.A. Murphy, C. Ruffing, P. Saffarinia, M.R. Whiles, J.B. Wallace, and G. Woodward. 2019. Precipitation and temperature drive continental-scale patterns in stream invertebrate production. Science Advances 5: eaav2348. PDF

Tumulo, B.B., L.K. Albertson, W.F. Cross, M.D. Daniels, and L.S. Sklar. 2019. Occupied and abandoned structures from ecosystem engineering differentially facilitate stream community colonization. Ecosphere 10 (5), e02734. PDF

Ruhi A, JA Catford, WF Cross, D Escoriza, JD Olden.2019. Chapter 5: Hydrologic alteration and biological invasions. In: Multiple Stressors in River Ecosystems. S. Sabater, R Ludwig, and A Elosegi (eds.). PDF

Tiegs S.D., and >100 authors, including W.F. Cross. 2019. Global patterns and drivers of ecosystem functioning in rivers and riparian zones. Science Advances 5 (1), eaav0486. PDF

Hood JM, JP Benstead, WF Cross, AD Huryn, PW Johnson, GM Gislason, JR Junker, D Nelson, JS Olafsson, C Tran. 2018. Increased resource use efficiency amplifies positive response of aquatic metabolism to climate warming. Global Change Biology 24:1069-1084. PDF

Nelson, D, JP Benstead, AD Huryn, WF Cross, JM Hood, PW Johnson, JR Junker, GM Gislason, JS Olafsson. 2017. Body-size shifts drive temperature invariance of secondary production in a whole-stream warming experiment. Ecology 98:1797-1806. PDF

Vanni MJ and many co-authors. 2017. A global database of nitrogen and phosphorus excretion rates of aquatic animals (Data Paper). Ecology 98:1475-1475. PDF

Piper LR, WF Cross, BL McGlynn. 2017. Colimitation and the coupling of N and P uptake kinetics in oligotrophic mountain streams. Biogeochemistry 132:165-184.  PDF

Nelson D, JP Benstead, AD Huryn, WF Cross, JM Hood, PW Johnson, JR Junker, GM Gislason, JS Olafsson. 2017. Experimental whole-stream warming alters community size structure. Global Change Biology 23:2618-2628.  PDF

Whitlock C. WF Cross, B Maxwell, N Silverman, AA Wade. 2017. Montana Climate Assessment. Bozeman and Missoula MT: Montana State University and University of Montana, Montana Institute on Ecosystems. 318 p. doi:10.15788/m2ww8w PDF

Cross, WF, J. Lafave, W Lonsdale, A Leone, and A Royem. 2017. Water Resources in a Changing Climate. In: Montana Climate Assessment, Bozeman and Missoula MT: Montana State University and University of Montana, Montana Institute on Ecosystems. 318 p. doi:10.15788/m2ww8w

Welti, N, M Striebel, AJ Ulseth, WF Cross, S DeVilbiss, PM Gilbert, L Guo, AG Hirst, JM Hood, JS Kominoski, KL MacNeill, AS Mehring, JR Welter, and H Hillebrand. 2017. Bridging food webs, ecosystem metabolism, and biogeochemistry using ecological stoichiometry theory. Frontiers in Microbiology 8: art 1298 PDF

Garcia L., WF Cross, I Pardo, and JS Richardson. 2017. Effects of landuse intensification on stream basal resources and invertebrate communities. Freshwater Science 36:609-625. PDF

Garcia L, I Pardo, WF Cross, and JS Richardson. 2017. Moderate nutrient enrichment affects algal and detritus pathways differently in a temperate rainforest stream. Aquatic Sciences PDF

Williamson TJ, WF Cross, JP Benstead, GM Gislason, JM Hood, AD Huryn, PW Johnson, and JR Welter. 2016. Warming alters coupled carbon and nutrient cycles in experimental streams. Global Change Biology 22:2152-2164. PDF

Walters DW, EJ Rosi-Marshall, TA Kennedy, WF Cross, CV Baxter. 2015. Mercury and Selenium accumulation in the Colorado River food web, Glen Canyon, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 34:2385-2394. PDF

Cross, WF, JM Hood, JP Benstead, AD Huryn, and D Nelson. 2015. Interactions between temperature and nutrients across levels of ecological organization. Global Change Biology 21:1025-1040 PDF

Welter, JR, JP Benstead, WF Cross, JM Hood, AD Huryn, PW Johnson, and TJ Williamson. 2015. Does N2-fixation amplify the temperature dependence of ecosystem metabolism?  Ecology 96:603-610 PDF

O'Gorman, EJO, JP Benstead, WF Cross, N Friberg, JM Hood, PW Johnson, BD Sigurdsson, and G Woodward. 2014.  Climate change and geothermal ecosystems: natural laboratories, sentinel systems and future refugia. Global Change Biologydoi: 20:3291-3299 PDF

Davis, SC, LA Burkle, WF Cross, and KA Cutting. 2014. The effects of timing of grazing on plant and arthropod communities in grasslands of southwest Montana. PLoS ONE 9(10): e110460. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0110460. PDF

Junker, JJ, and WF Cross.  2014.  Seasonality in the trophic basis of a temperate stream invertebrate assemblage: importance of temperature and food quality. Limnology and Oceanography 59:507-518. PDF

Lauridsen, RB, FK Edwards, WF Cross, G Woodward, AG Hildrew, and JI Jones. 2014.  Consequences of inferring diet from feeding guilds when estimating and interpreting consumer-resource stoichiometry.  Freshwater Biology 59:1497-1508. PDF

Zahn Seegert, SE, EJ Rosi-Marshall, CV Baxter, TA Kennedy, RO Hall, Jr., and WF Cross. 2014.  High diet overlap between native small-bodied fishes and non-native Fathead Minnow in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1072-1083. PDF

Kennedy, TA, CB Yackulic, WF Cross, PE Grams, MD Yard, and AJ Copp.  2014. The relationship between invertebrate drift and two primary controls - discharge and benthic density - in a large regulated river. Freshwater Biology 59:557-572. PDF

Ecological Monographs

Cross, WF, CV Baxter, EJ Rosi-Marshall, RO Hall, Jr., TA Kennedy, KC Donner, HAW Kelly, SEZ Seegert, KE Behn, and MD Yard.  2013.  Foodweb dynamics in a large river discontinuum.  Ecological Monographs 83:311-337. PDF

Kelly, HAW, EJ Rosi-Marshall, TA Kennedy, RO Hall Jr., WF Cross, and CV Baxter. 2013.  Macroinvertebrate diets reflect tributary input and tributary-driven changes in food availability in the Colorado River downstream of Glen Canyon Dam. Freshwater Science 32:397-410. PDF

McWethy, DB, WF Cross, CV Baxter, C Whitlock, and RE Gresswell.  2013.  Natural disturbance dynamics - Shaping the Yellowstone Landscape.  In: PJ White and RA Garrott (eds.). Yellowstone’s Wildlife in Transition.  Harvard Press.

O'Gorman, EJO, DE Pichler, G Adams, JP Benstead, H Cohen, N Craig, WF Cross, BOL Demars, N Friberg, GM Gislason, R Gudmundsdottir, A Hawczak, JM Hood, LN Hudson, L Johansson, MP Johansson, JR Junker, A Laurila, JR Manson, E Mavromati, D Nelson, JS Olafsoon, DM Perkins, OL Petchey, M Plebani, D Reuman, BC Rall, R Stewart, MSA Thompson, G Woodward.  2012.  Impacts of warming on the structure and function of aquatic communities: individual to ecosystem-level responses. Advances in Ecological Research 47:81-176. PDF

Cross, WF, CV Baxter, KC Donner, EJ Rosi Marshall, TA Kennedy, RO Hall, Jr., HAW Kelly, and RS Rogers.  2011.  Ecosystem ecology meets adaptive management: food web response to a controlled flood on the Colorado River, Glen Canyon.  Ecological Applications 21:2016-2033. PDF

Woodward, G., J. P. Benstead, O. S. Beveridge, J. Blanchard, T. Brey, L. Brown, W. F. Cross, N. Friberg, T. C. Ings, U. Jacob, S. Jennings, M. E. Ledger, A. M. Milner, J. M. Montoya, E. O'Gorman, J. M. Olesen, O. L. Petchey, D. E. Pichler, D. C. Reuman, M. S. Thompson, F. J. F. Van Veen, and G. Yvon-Durocher. 2010. Ecological networks in a changing climate.  Advances in Ecological Research 42:71-138. PDF

Davis, J. M., A. D. Rosemond, S. L. Eggert, W. F. Cross, and J. B. Wallace.  2010 Nutrient enrichment differentially affects body sizes of primary consumers and predators in a detritus-based stream. Limnology and Oceanography 55:2305-2316. PDF

Benstead JP, WF Cross, JG March, WH McDowell, A Ramirez, and AP Covich.  2010.  Biotic and abiotic controls on the ecosystem significance of consumer excretion in two contrasting tropical streams.  Freshwater Biology 55:2047-2061. PDF

Cross WF, EJ Rosi-Marshall, KE Behn, TA Kennedy, RO Hall, Jr., AE Fuller, and CV Baxter.  2010.  Invasion and production of New Zealand mud snails in the Colorado River, Glen Canyon.  Biological Invasions 12:3033-3043. PDF

Davis JM, AD Rosemond, SL Eggert, WF Cross, and JB Wallace.  2010.  Long-term nutrient enrichment decouples predator and prey production.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107:121-126.  PDF

Benstead JP, AD Rosemond, WF Cross, JB Wallace, SL Eggert, K Suberkropp, V Gulis, JL Greenwood, and CJ Tant.  2009.  Nutrient enrichment alters storage and fluxes of detritus in a headwater stream ecosystem.  Ecology 90:2556-2566. PDF

Cross, WF, AP Covich, TA Crowl, JP Benstead, and A Ramirez.  2008.  Secondary production, longevity and resource consumption rates of freshwater shrimps in two tropical streams with contrasting geomorphology and food web structure.  Freshwater Biology 53: 2504-2519. PDF

Cross, WF, A Ramirez, A. Santana, and L. S. Santiago.  2008. Toward quantifying the relative importance of invertebrate consumption and bioturbation in Puerto Rican streams.  Biotropica 40:447-484. PDF

Rosemond, AD, WF Cross, JL Greenwood, V Gulis, SL Eggert, K Suberkropp, JB Wallace, and SE Dye.  2008.  Nitrogen versus phosphorus demand in a detritus-based headwater stream: what drives microbial to ecosystem response? Verh. Interat. Verein, Limnol.30:651-655. PDF

Cross WF, JB Wallace, and AD Rosemond. 2007.  Nutrient enrichment reduces constraints on material flows in a detritus-based food web.  Ecology 88:2563-2575. PDF

Greenwood JL, AD Rosemond, JB Wallace, WF Cross, and HS Weyers.  2007.  Nutrients stimulate leaf breakdown rates and detritivore biomass: bottom-up effects via heterotrophic pathways.  Oecologia 151:637-649. PDF

Cross WF, JB Wallace, AD Rosemond, and SL Eggert.  2006.  Whole-system nutrient enrichment increases secondary production in a detritus-based ecosystem.  Ecology 87:1556-1565. PDF

Frost PC, JP Benstead, WF Cross, H Hillebrand, JH Larson, MA Xenopoulos, and T Yoshida.  2006.  Threshold elemental ratios of carbon and phosphorus in aquatic consumers.  Ecology Letters 9:774-779. PDF

Johnson BJ, JB Wallace, AD Rosemond, and WF Cross.  2006.  Larval salamander growth responds to enrichment of a nutrient poor headwater stream.  Hydrobiologia 573:227-232. PDF

Cross WF, AD Rosemond, JP Benstead, and JB Wallace.  2005. Differential effects of consumers on C, N, and P dynamics: insights from long-term research.  In: Dynamic Food Webs: Multispecies Assemblages, Ecosystem Development, and Environmental Change.  deRuiter, PC, V Wolters, and JC Moore (eds.).  Elsevier. PDF

Scharler, UM, FD Hulot, DJ Baird, WF Cross, J Culp, CA Layman, D Raffaelli, M Vos, and KO Winemiller.  2005.  Central issues for aquatic food webs: from chemical cues to whole system responses. In: Dynamic Food Webs: Multispecies Assemblages, Ecosystem Development, and Environmental Change.  deRuiter, PC, V Wolters, and JC Moore (eds.).  Elsevier. PDF

Corrigendum to Cross et al. 2005 (below).  2006.  Freshwater Biology 51:986-987. PDF

freshwater biology

Cross, WF, JP Benstead, PC Frost, and SA Thomas.  2005.  Ecological stoichiometry in freshwater benthic systems: recent progress and

perspectives.  Freshwater Biology50:1895-1912. PDF

Cross, WF, BR Johnson, JB Wallace, and AD Rosemond.  2005.  Contrasting response of stream detritivores to long-term nutrient enrichment.  Limnology and Oceanography50:1730-1739.  PDF

Frost, PC, WF Cross, and JP Benstead.  2005.  Ecological stoichiometry in freshwater benthic systems: an introduction.  Freshwater Biology 50:1781-1785. PDF

Cross, WF, JP Benstead, AD Rosemond, and JB Wallace.  2003.  Consumer-resource stoichiometry in detritus-based streams.  Ecology Letters 6:721-732. PDF

Johnson, BR, WF Cross, and JB Wallace.  2003.  Long-term resource limitation reduces insect detritivore growth in a headwater stream.  Journal of the North American Benthological Society 22:565-574. PDF

Cross WF and AC Benke.  2002.  Intra- and interspecific competition among coexisting lotic snails.  Oikos 96:251-264. PDF